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CASING HEAD PRESSURE

FINE TUNING in

Dual String Gas Lift Well
With Injection Pressure Operated Valve
ASME – WORK SHOP - KUALA LUMPUR 2003

By:
Gatut Widianoko ( Weatherford )
Herry Subekti ( BP – Indonesia )
Wahyu Jatmiko ( BP – Indonesia )

Abstract
After two ( 2 ) years gas lift optimization performed with
concentrated in gas lift change out, starting this year 2003, Bp
-Indonesia begin to focus on Casing Head Pressure Tuning.
The first year, the gas lift optimization had made 3500 bopd oil gain,
and the second year had made 4000 bopd oil gains. This year, up-to
the second quarter 2003, BP had made 4500 bopd oil gains. This
total gains is came from 40 % gas lift change out, and 60 % from
Casing Head Pressure Tuning.
Today we are going to talk about the steps of casing head pressure
tuning of the BP-Indonesia gas lift optimization on dual string gas lift
well as follow :
1) Identify the gas lift well problems ;
2) Nodal analyzing to determine the well potential ;
3) Optimize point of injection of both string by gas lift change
out ;
4) Perform Tuning Casing Head Pressure to optimize both
string.

Offshore North West Java Oil Field AV AVS •S AA UM •KALIMANTAN A ER AT BIMA ZU • W LA SU ES I APN •J A V A P ARDJUNA MX MR LL MQ MM MB KLX B L E “O” AREA POD BZZ KLY K KL KNA KK F ARIMBI U O X JAKARTA CILAMAYA GG Gas Accumulation GG 0 25 50 KM CIREBON .

reservoir depth ~ 3000 ft TVD  Limited data (SBHP and PI is normally unknown)  Old wells .500 blpd  Low Static Pressure with average ~ 600 psi  Limited Casing Pressure with ~ 600 psi only  Flowing Tubing Pressure is about 180 psi  Shallow well .BP Wells General Conditions  Old Oil Field with more than 30 years old  High FGOR with 1000 : 1 or more  Low PI with only about 1 – 3 blpd / psi  Low Production with about 200 .may have leaking valve or tubing  Some gas lift valves installed 5-10 years ago  Some gas lift header choke stuck open/close .

Reduce / increase Slowly until get best Packer @ 3111’ MD 2-7/8” WB-1D SSD @ 3164’ 2-7/8” WB-1D SSD @ 3100’ 2-7/8” WB-1D SSD @ 3183’ EZ-22B ( Squeezed-Off ) Packer @ 3340’ production rate.3406’ ) Packer @ 3504’ EZ-24B ( 3590’ .3609’ ) 2-7/8” WB-1D SSD @ 3584’ Packer @ 3900’ EZ-27 ( 4016’ . 2-7/8” WB-1D SSD @ 3383’ EZ-23 ( 3389’ .4021’ ) ( 4025’ – 4031’ ) ( 4035’ – 4043’ ) ( 4050’ – 4062’ ) PBTD @ 4205’ MD 9-5/8” Shoe @ 4285’ MD Great savings of time & efforts . Keep best this CHP as operating pres.WELLs COMPLETION DIAGRAM 2-7/8” SSSV @ 248’ NOT TO SCALE Find CHP problems 2-7/8” SSSV @ 286’ 1012’ 1050’ 1866’ 1898’ 2625’ 2652’ 3007’ 3032’ 2-7/8” SPM 2-7/8” SPM Adjust CHP .Dual Completion ECHO . Repeat it if needed.

and cause one (1) string dead or drop The well shutdown under maintenance The well shut-in while service status Gas lift Change out is being perform Suddenly Casing Head Pressure Increase Suddenly Casing Head Pressure decrease Suddenly Flowing Tubing Head Pressure increase .CHP Fine Tuning Candidates Wells ( Gas Lift Optimization )             Suddenly production rate drop Suddenly the well dead Casing Head Pressure unstable Suddenly gas injection rate increase/decrease Inaccurate gas rate measure Robbing.

Draw the static and flowing pressure gradient. etc. . Select the best rate and keep best CHP.  Perform CHP tuning by open the Gas Lift Header Choke and set at the kick off pressure selected.  Record the Rates.  Use same surface opening and closing pressure for both string valve.  Adjusts the CHP slowly to reach the Best Surface Operating Pressure selected.  Perform gas lift well performance by software on each string to determine optimum condition . Use 90% (max) off Kick Off as Operating pressure.Casing Head Pressure Tuning Steps in Dual Gas Lift well   Use graphical method to construct the well condition. Select Kick Off and best Operating pressure available.  Select best point of injection of both string ( close or same depth ) and operating port size (close or same size).

45 p s i / ft #7 3000 Mid Perforation FBHP 4000 Operating Pres.Wells 0 D E P T 1000 H 500 CHP FTP 0.Graphical Method (To determine best Point of Injection.1 p s I / ft FL Tubing Pressure Ft 2000 T V D PRESSURE (p s i) 1000 Casing Pressure #1 #2 #3 0. KO and OP) Echo. 1500 Kick Off 1200 p s i .

Rate blpd .Gas Lift Well Performance Gas Injection Rate Vs Production Rate Optimum Point Ql Qi Q I : Gas in Rate mscfd Q l : Prod.

Why Do Casing Head Pressure tuning instead of Gas Injection Rate Tuning ? .

after best CHP reached / selected  Record and keep best CHP of each Well .Gas Measurement Problems Not each platform has a good measurement  facilities  Some Gas Measuring inaccurate  Gas Injection rate not recorded  Gas in VS CHP does not make sense We Decided  Using CHP as parameter to optimize gas injection  Adjust CHP to find a best production rate of both String  Measure Gas In.

WHAT IS BEST CHP Back to The Original Operating Pressure Design           Where is the existing CHP ? Is it too high ? Any un-loader valve reopen? Is the existing gas in too much ? Do We need to decrease it ? OR Is it too low ? Is the existing gas in too low ? Can the existing CHP pressure reach the operating valve ? Do we need to Increase it ? Any actions needs to be done ? .

1 p s I / ft Casing Pressure FL Tubing Pressure Ft 2000 T V D Existing CHP Too High #1 #2 #3 0.Decreasing CHP (To determine Best Operating Pressure) PRESSURE (p s i) FTP 0 500 D E P T 1000 H CHP Echo.Wells 1500 1000 0.45 p s i / ft #7 3000 Mid Perforation FBHP 1200 p s i 4000 Best Operating Pres. Kick Off .

1 p s I / ft FL Tubing Pressure Ft 2000 T V D PRESSURE (p s i) 1000 Casing Pressure #1 #2 #3 0.Increasing CHP (To determine Best Operating Pressure) Existing CHP Too Low 0 D E P T 1000 H Echo.45 p s i / ft #7 3000 Mid Perforation FBHP 4000 Operating Pres. 1500 Kick Off 1200 p s i .Wells 500 CHP FTP 0.

92 GL GAS (Mscfd) 551.2 864 777.6 972 950.4 768 960 864 1080 1056 W/C TOTAL GAS (%) (Mscfd) 10 552.14 516.28 629.3 532.17 502.41 546.7 528.31 10 545.87 GLR (SCF/STB) 719.23 540.59 CHP (psi) 580 560 540 520 520 Remark Best CHP Oil Gains : 250 b o p d Best CHP : 520 p s i Sample : A .7 10 548.Some Wells Sample of CHP tuning at BP-Indonesia Gas Lift Optimization at EC-2ST well Status CHK Pretest Test 1 Test 2 Test 3 Post test 64/64" 64/64" 64/64" 64/64" 64/64" FTP (Psi) 140 140 140 140 140 BOPD BFPD 691.43 10 543.66 571.6 10 542.

Some Wells Sample of CHP tuning at BP-Indonesia Gas Lift Tuning at FFB-7 Status CHK 1/64 in FTP (Psi) BOPD BFPD W/C (%) Pre well test Test 1 Test 2 Test 3 Test 4 72 72 72 72 72 120 120 120 120 120 216 225 231 288 252 864 898 924 1152 1008 75 75 75 75 75 - - - 200 Prior tuning 300 400 440 Optimum rate 460 Post well test 72 120 288 1152 75 - - - 440 After Tuning Gain 72 Oil Gains : 70 b o p d TOTAL GAS GLR GL GAS (Mscfd) (SCF/STB) (Mscfd) CHP (psi) 440 Remark Best CHP Sample : B .

9 1272 1344 1296 1248 1320 W/C TOTAL GAS GLR GL GAS (%) (Mscfd) (SCF/STB) (Mscfd) 10 1658 1355 10 864 700 624 10 816 642 552 10 744 615 516 10 672 576 432 10 624 500 360 10 720 546 504 CHP (psi) 650 630 610 590 570 550 590 Remark Gas lift optimization with GFC-200 running test to measure gas in and gas out Best CHP Oil Gains : 80 b o p d Best CHP : 590 p s i Sample : C .5 1145 1209.6 1166.4 1123.2 1188 1224 1233.Some Wells Sample of CHP tuning at BP-Indonesia Gas Lift Optimization at EF-5 well Status CHK Pretest 64/64" Test 1 64/64" Test 2 64/64" Test 3 64/64" Test 4 64/64" Test 5 64/64" Post test 64/64" FTP (Psi) 130 130 130 130 130 130 130 BOPD BFPD 1101.6 1110.

.Sample of One Platform CHP Tuning Results WELL Pre-test POST WELL TEST AFTER TUNING TOTAL GLR GL GAS COMPLETE GAS (scf/stb) (Mscfd) DATE (Mscfd) CHP (Psi) FTP (Psi) FLUID (Bfpd) OIL (Bopd) W/C (%) TOTAL GAINS (Bopd) 16-Jul-03 630 220 723 110 85 40 - 17-Jul-03 340 120 1101 220 80 30 - - 18-Jul-03 340 120 684 68 90 0 - - - 18-Jul-03 380 120 1284 128 90 0 85 - - - 20-Jul-03 580 100 552 83 85 10 75 - - - 19-Jul-03 440 120 1152 288 75 70 COMPLETE DATE CHP (Psi) FTP (Psi) FLUID (Bfpd) OIL (Bopd) W/C (%) FFB-1 15-Jul-03 610 220 468 70 85 - - - FFB-2L 16-Jul-03 360 120 952 190 80 - - FFB-2S 17-Jul-03 360 120 682 68 90 - FFB-3S 18-Jul-03 380 120 1284 128 90 FFB-6L 20-Jul-03 600 100 480 72 FFB-7 19-Jul-03 200 120 864 216 * Total Gains for one platform by CHP tuning : 150 b o p d * Gas gains is not recorded * Working Days : 10 days.

Total Oil Gains by CHP Tuning YTD up to 2nd Qtr Tuning Result As per June 30 3500 3000 2500 BOPD 2000 Tuning 1500 1000 500 0 Time .

Time 28/06/2003 21/06/2003 14/06/2003 07/06/2003 31/05/2003 24/05/2003 17/05/2003 10/05/2003 03/05/2003 26/04/2003 19/04/2003 12/04/2003 05/04/2003 29/03/2003 22/03/2003 15/03/2003 08/03/2003 01/03/2003 22/02/2003 15/02/2003 08/02/2003 01/02/2003 25/01/2003 18/01/2003 11/01/2003 04/01/2003 BOPD Total Oil Gains by Gas Lift Change Out YTD up to 2nd Qtr’ 03 GLVCO Result as per June 30 2000 1800 1600 1400 1200 1000 GLVCO 800 600 400 200 0 .

Time 28/06/2003 21/06/2003 14/06/2003 07/06/2003 31/05/2003 24/05/2003 17/05/2003 10/05/2003 03/05/2003 26/04/2003 19/04/2003 12/04/2003 05/04/2003 29/03/2003 22/03/2003 15/03/2003 08/03/2003 01/03/2003 22/02/2003 15/02/2003 08/02/2003 01/02/2003 25/01/2003 18/01/2003 11/01/2003 04/01/2003 BOPD Total Oil Gains After Gas Lift Optimization YTD up to 2nd Qtr’ 03 GL Optimization Result 5000 4500 4000 3500 3000 2500 Tuning GLVCO 2000 1500 1000 500 0 .

Tuning Results VS Gas Lift Change Out Results up to 2nd Qtr’ 03 Tuning vs GLVCO 3500 3000 2500 2000 BOPD GLVCO Tuning 1500 1000 500 0 Time .

Well Work Percentage TOTAL GAS LIFT JOB YTD UP TO 2nd Qtr’ 03 Total Wells analyzes : 190 wells 46% Completed by Wire line : 31 wells : 87 Wells potential 19% : 18 Wells had optimum : 5 New wells : 44 Wells CHP Tuning : 36 Wells Needs FGS & SBHP survey 9% 23% 3% .

bopd Gain. bopd Post-test. bopd .Total Oil Gains After Gas Lift Optimization YTD Up to 2nd Qtr’ 03 6000 5703 9942 4815 5500 5000 4500 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 Pre-test.

depth point of injection of both strings must be close or equal. (or at least 50psi). . same thing in the port size  Perform CHP tuning to reach Optimum Conditions  Watch the CHP performance and Keep it at best CHP.  Surface closing pressure of both strings must be at least 20 psi above OP. and 30 psi less than KO  To avoid “gas robbing” .CHP Tuning – Lessons Learned ( With Injection Pressure Valve )  Enough Kick Off (KO) and Operating (OP) Pressure to reach deepest point of injection is required  Differential pressure between KO and OP is ~10% of casing pressure. Use at least 10 psi less than the CHP available.  Use graphical method to select best point of injection and best draw down of both (200 – 500 psi) strings.  Surface opening pressure of both string are same.