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Assistant Professor,
Deptt. Of Management
Digboi College

• What is Birding?
• Why Birdwatching?
• Birds – an
• How to do
• Where to do Birding?
• Do’s & Don’ts in
• Photo gallery

Birdwatching/ Birding- What?

Birdwatching or birding is the observation of birds
as a recreational activity. It can be done with the
naked eye, through a visual enhancement device like
binoculars and telescopes, or by listening for bird

Birding and birdwatching is quite
Birding: A hobby in which individuals enjoy the challenge of bird
study, listing, or other general
activities involving bird life.
Birdwatching: Refers to watching birds for any reason at all, and
should not be used to refer to the serious birder.

Most birdwatchers pursue this activity for recreational or social
reasons, unlike ornithologists, who engage in the study of birds
using formal scientific methods.

bird watching exploded on the Eastern seaboard of the United States and gradually spread worldwide. • During the Victorian era. •With the onset of advanced optics and field guides. Cont. . bird watching was practiced in the interest of collecting eggs and the skins of exotic breeds.History of Birdwatching • Edmund Selous was the first person to use the term ‘Birdwatching’ in his book entitled ‘Bird Watching’ in 1901.

1964-74). • The earliest book describing birds in India is attributed to Eleanyar Albin in 1738. Dr. Salim Ali's The Book of Indian Birds (1941) and Handbook of the Birds of India & Pakistan (Ali & Ripley.C) and references can be found in Rigveda and Yajurveda.History of Birdwatching in India: •Observation of Birds in India has an ancient history (1700-1000 B. . •Scientific documentation began only after the arrival of Britishers. Emperor Jahangir even commissioned artists to portray birds with great accuracy. • In 16th century Mughal rulers observed birds & kept meticulous records. •Followed by Hugh Whistler's Popular Handbook of Indian Birds (1928).

Why birdwatching? 1. Contribute towards existing knowledge .

Provides Mental Satisfaction .2.

Improves observation skill/ concentration level .3.

Makes sensory organs (especially ears and eyes) more sensitive .4.

5. Economic Advantages .

6. Builds competitive mindset .

Birds – an introduction .


CLASSIFICATION OF BIRDS Kingdom: Animalia Subphylum: Vertebrata Class: Aves Order: 30 orders Family: 194 families Genus: 2099 genera .


Characteristics of Birds: .

• Weight range from 2 g to 100 kg.5% of the global population. . • Critically Endangered (extremely high risk of extinction): 189 • One in eight of the world's birds faces extinction. • Since 1500 A.D: 190+ species of birds have become extinct.Facts & Figures (Global Scenario): • Total Bird species of the world: 9702 • Globally Threatened: 1253 (as per 2011 update) which is 12. • There are about 300 billion (30000 crore) birds (# individuals) on earth.

Facts & Figures (Indian Scenario): • Total No. of Bird Species: 1301 (Reliable Record-1224 + 5) • Globally Threatened: 80 • Endangered birds: 147 of which– Critically Endangered: 14 – Endangered: 15 – Vulnerable: 54 – Near Threatened: 64 • Probably Extinct: 2 • Endemic Birds: 55 (Birds only found in India) .

. if not all.A FEW EXTINCT SPECIES: MOA: A native bird of New Zealand. 1400 due to overhunting by the Māori (Polynesian people) and habitat decline.D.  It is generally considered that most. species of moa died out by A.

In the following years. The last widely accepted sighting of a Dodo was in . the bird was hunted by sailors. their domesticated animals. and introduced species during that time. east of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean. The first recorded mention of the Dodo was by Dutch sailors in 1598.Dodo: An extinct flightless bird that was endemic to the island of Mauritius.

The species lived in enormous migratory flocks until the early 20th century.Passenger Pigeon or Wild Pigeon: Is an extinct North American Bird. resulting in hunting on a massive and mechanized scale. pigeon meat was commercialized as a cheap food for slaves and the poor in the 19th century. Some estimate 3 to 5 billion Passenger Pigeons were in the United States when Europeans arrived in North America. A slow decline between about 1800 and 1870 was followed by a catastrophic decline . when hunting and habitat destruction led to its demise. Next. Some reduction in numbers occurred from habitat loss when European settlement led to mass deforestation.

with reports from India persisting until the early 1960s. Bangladesh and northern Myanmar. The main reason for its extinction was destruction of habitat and deforestation. and the last confirmed sighting. by C. eastern India. M. It was always rare. Inglis. .PINK HEADED DUCK: Pink-headed ducks were one of the rarest species of waterfowl that were found in India. They mainly inhabited the area around the lower areas north of the Ganges and west offormerly the This duck occurred in Brahmaputra River. but is now probably extinct. was from Darbhanga in June 1935.

How to do Birdwatching? Things you will require to start Birding- .

. You can then use your notes to confirm your identification or you can even make a rough sketch which will help you to identify the bird later.1. and any markings or unusual behaviour. Notebook: Carry a notebook and pencil to record the birds you have seen.

There is no substitute for an illustrated field guide which you can carry with and flip through to identify a bird in front of you. Field-Guide Books: A good up-to-date field guide is a must. .2.

3.Birding Binoculars Porro Prism Binoculars:  Porro prism models will deliver good optics for the dollar. In addition. many Porros are not waterproof. but lack the durability and compact styling of roof prism models. and you no longer have to spend more money to get good optical quality in this design.  Roof Prism Binoculars:  These binoculars are rugged and durable. .

20x60. Larger the objective lens. . The second no. ‘x40’ is the width of the objective lens in millimeter.Specification?? Birding Binoculars have two numbers: 7x30. ‘x30’. more light while viewing the object. etc….where ‘7x’ = Magnification that the binocular offers. 8x40. a ‘7x’ binocular will bring objects seven times closer to the viewer than the naked eye.

Color and marking 2. Calls and Songs 3. Habits and Behaviors 4. Beak Shapes 6.Identification: What to notice about birds? 1. Size 5. Any other noticeable feature .

Reserve Forest 4.Garden 2.Paddy field 3.National Parks 6.Wildlife sanctuaries 5.Water Bodies (Near River Banks/ sea shores/ ponds/ wetlands) .Where to do Birding? 1.

Bird habitats: Wetland Grassland Woodland Agriculture .

SOME POTENTIAL PLACES TO WATCH BIRDS IN NORTHEAST INDIA: Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary Mishmi Hills. Arunachal Pradesh .

Kaziranga National Park Dibru-Saikhowa National Park .

Khonoma. Nagaland Dehing-Patkai WLS .

Assam .P. Assam Namdapha N.Manas National Park.

Assam . Arunachal Pradesh Nameri N.P.Pakke Tiger Reserve.

2. Sparse use of artificial lights for photographing and filming birds. Support the protection of important bird habits. trails and paths where they exist.Do’s & Don’ts in Birding? Do’s: 1. Avoid Chasing birds. 3. . Create minimum disturbance to their habitat. Stay on roads.

Avoid use of recordings and other methods of attracting birds in heavily birding areas or for attracting threatened species.Don’ts: 1. 3. or filming. Exercise restrain and caution during observation. 2. . Do not photograph nesting birds. photography. sound recording.

Gracias .