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Sewn Products Machinery and Equipments

Garment Analysis: JUMPSUIT


Presented By:
Anshika Gambhir (04)
Prerna Teotia (16)
Nilesh Nishant (17)
Rajiv Ranjan ()
Saima Tabassum()
Vibhanshu Srivastava (31)

INTRODUCTION
Jumpsuit is a special type of a single piece garment, which has an unbroken line running from the neck to the
feet and can be flattering on different body shapes.

Evolution of Jumpsuit
1935

1950

1977

1966
1992

2008

1981

Application of Jumpsuits
Pilots and drivers
Aviators and astronauts, who sometimes wear insulated, fire-retardant jumpsuits or flight suits where other types of
clothing can potentially float or flap about in zero gravity or during high-G manoeuvres.
Drivers in motor racing , who wear jumpsuits for protection against fire and leather suits for abrasion.
Sportspersons
Skiers , who wear insulated jumpsuits or ski suits to protect themselves from cold (especially after falling or tumbling in
snow).
Skydivers, who wear technical jumpsuits as main sport equipment for today's sport skydiving.
Manual labourers
The jumpsuit's simple one-piece design also makes it a practical garment for tradesmen, such as cleaners, auto mechanics
and plumbers, who often wear looser-fitting jumpsuits.
Institutions
The jumpsuit has sometimes been mandated as an institutional uniform, as it can be a unisex garment and can
accommodate a wide range of body shapes.
Small children
A simple-to-launder one-piece garment can be especially convenient for parents to dress small children
Fashion
In the UK, the word onesie has come to describe casual jumpsuits (to be used as loungewear or pyjamas).

Operational Breakdown
Op#

Operation
Description

Stitch Type,
Diagram

Seam Type

Machine
Used

Sewing the darts

Lock Stitch
(301)

Plain Seam
(Dart)

Single Needle
Lock Stitch

Sew front fly to right


front to make a
concealed placket
(Overlap)

Lock Stitch
(301)

Single Needle
Lock Stitch

Deskillng
Device

Fold left front edge

Lock Stitch
(301)

Double Fold

Single Needle
Lock Stitch

Sew two parts of the


flap together for the
pocket

Lock Stitch
(301)

Plain Seam

Single Needle
Lock Stitch

Turn inside out and


make a top stitch

Lock Stitch
(301)

Top Stitch

SNLS

Folders

Serge the raw edges


of the pocket flap

Over Lock
(504)

Sergeing

Over Lock

Attach zipper to the


straps

Lock Stitch
(301)

Lapped Seam
1

SNLS with
zipper footer

Attach pocket flap to


the front panel along
with the straps

Lock Stitch
(301)

Lapped Seam
1

SNLS

Sew three Epaulets

Lock Stitch
(301)

Plain Seam

SNLS

10

Turn inside out and


make top stitch

Lock Stitch
(301)

Top Stitch

SNLS

11

Attach Yoke to Back


along with one
Epaulet at the center

Lock Stitch

Sandwich
Seam

SNLS

12

Join Shoulders to the Lock Stitch


Yoke
(301)

Sandwich
Seam

SNLS

13

Sew side seams and


serge

Lock Stitch
(301) + Over
Lock (504)

Plain Seam
with Over
Lock finish

SNLS, Over
Lock

14

Attach the bias tape


at the armholes
along with one
Epaulet at each
shoulder top

Lock Stitch
(301)

Double
Bound seam
finish

SNLS

5 thread
Safety Stitch
(516)

15

Attach the two parts


of the collar

Lock Stitch
(301)

Pain Seam

SNLS

16

Tape on collar?

Lock Stitch
(301)

Plain Seam

SNLS

17

Turn and make Top


Stitch

Lock Stitch
(301)

Top Stitch

SNLS

DNLS

18

Attach the Collar

Lock Stitch
(301)

Double
Bound

SNLS

19

Buttons attachment

Hand Stitch
(202)

Manual

Button
Attaching
machine

20

Buttons hole

304

Button hole
machine

Buttonholer

Lower Pants

21

Sew both parts of


both the cross
pockets

Lock Stitch
(301) + Over
Lock (504)

Plain seam
followed by
Over Lock
finish

SNLS + Over
Lock

22

Attach the pocket


facing with the front
panel of lower pants
in the shape
required(make it for
both sides)

Lock
Stitch(301)

Plain seam

SNLS

5 Thread
Safety Stitch
(516)
_

24

Attach both the front Lock Stitch


panels of lower pants (301)

Plain Seam

SNLS

25

Serge both the edges


together

Over Lock
(504)

Over Lock
Seam finish

Over Lock

26

Flatten them and


make a stitch

Double
Needle Lock
Stitch (301)

Single Top
Stitch

DNLS

Safety Stitch
(516)

27

Fold pockets mouth

28

Topstitch pockets
mouth

29

Fold the pockets


edge and sew it on
both sides of lower
back panels

Lock Stitch
(301)

Double Fold
Seam Finish

SNLS

Double
upturn
hemmer

Double
Needle Lock
Stitch (301)

Lapped Seam
(2)

DNLS

Single Folder

30

Sew both the lower


panels together one
over the other

Lock Stitch
(301)

Plain Seam

SNLS

31

Serge both the back


panels together

Over Lock
(504)

Over Lock
Seam Finish

Over Lock

32

Flatten both the


panels and make a
top stich

Double
Needle Lock
Stitch (301)

Lapped Seam
(2)

DNLS

Safety Stitch
Machine(516)

33

Make a running
stitch from the left
end of the pants
matching the
notches at the crotch
till the right end

Lock Stitch
(301)

Plain Seam

SNLS

34

Join both the side


seams along with the
pocket

Lock Stitch
(301)

Plain Seam

SNLS

35

Serge the two parts


at the side seams
together

Over Lock
(504)

Over Lock
Seam Finish

Over Lock

Safety Stitch
Machine
(516)

36

Hemming of the
pants

Lock Stitch
(301)

Double Fold
Seam Finish

SNLS

Folder +
Double
upturn
Hemmer

JOINING OF UPPER BODICE AND LOWER PANTS


37

Place elastic band


between the two
facing of waist band
and make 4 running
stitches over it while
stretching the elastic

Lock Stitch
(301)

Plain Seam

SNLS

Adjustable
Shirring
Presser Foot

38

Serge both edges of


waistband

Over Lock
(504)

Over Lock
Seam Finish

Over Lock

39

Place the upper


bodice over the waist
band and make a
stitch

Lock Stitch
(301)

Plain Seam

SNLS

40

Place the lower pants Lock Stitch


on another right side (301)
of the waist band and
make a stitch

Plain Seam

SNLS

41

Make a draw string

Lock Stitch
(301)

Double side
Fold

SNLS

DNLS

42

Insert the draw


string in the waist
band

Manual
Operation

Double
upturn
hemmer
inserting
drawstring/
Cord
insertion
machine

Machines Used
Single Needle Lock Stitch Machine (SNLS)
An SNLS machine makes a single line of Lock
Stitch using one needle and two threads.
Stitch formed by a needle thread passing through
the material and interlocking with a bobbin thread
with the threads meeting in the centre of the
seam. Stitch looks the same top & bottom.

Over Lock Machine


An over lock stitch sews over the edge of one or two pieces of
cloth for edging, hemming or seaming. Usually an over lock
sewing machine will cut the edges of the cloth as they are fed
through (such machines are called sergers in North America),
though some are made without cutters. The inclusion of
automated cutters allows over lock machines to create finished
seams easily and quickly.

Double Needle Lock Stitch


A double needle Lock Stitch machine works on the same principle
as SNLS while using two needles and two bobbins thus resulting
in two parallel rows of Lock Stitch. The distance between two
stitch lines depend upon the distance between the two needles on
the needle bar which can be adjusted.

Button Hole Machine


Cut- After Buttonhole Machines - These are by far the most common type of
BH machines in use today.
They sew the buttonhole first and then the knife comes down and cuts the
slit in the buttonhole.
Cut - Before Buttonhole Machines - These are not as common as the CutAfter BH Machines. They
produce a better quality buttonhole due to the fact that they cut the fabric
first and then stitch over the
edge of fabric giving you a cleaner finish.

Button Attaching Machine


Most typical button sew machines in the industry are cycle machines
that have the capability of making 8, 16 or 32 stitches on two & four
hole flat buttons or shank buttons. The flat button sew clamp
mechanism comes standard on these machines. Most machines can
be converted over to sew shank buttons by changing the clamp and
the plate with support block.

Deskilling Devices
Yoking Folder

This is used for joining yoke and shoulder.


Turns down the top ply and joins it to two additional ply.
The bottom ply is then turned back to form the yoke.
Special foot is needed

Shoulder Joining Folder

Foot and Guide assist in turning and top stitching front and back collar
bands after they have been sewn to the collar.
Produces a consistent stitch margin along the bed.

Lap Seam Folder

It is used for closing side seams.


Folder with separate width adjustment is available.
Can also be made with a spring release which will allow sleeve
seam to pass through freely.

Margin Compensated Guild


Presser Foot

Guides the stitch distance from the edge to


make a uniform parallel stitch.

Adjustable Shirring Presser


Foot

Reduces the labour required for the


shirring operation for the waist band.

Hemmer Foot

No need for manual folding of the hem.


Uniform hem stitch.

Double Up-turn Hemmer


Reduces the labour and time consumption
for folding and stitching the hem
Variation of turn sizes can be
manufactured.

Double up turn hemmer inserting or lead string


No need to manually insert the cord reducing labour
and time consumption.
Increased production rate.

Double Needle Tape Pressure Foot

Simplifies the operation of stitching the draw Stings.

Five Thread Safety Stitch Machine

This stitch is a combination of a Two-Thread Chain stitch and a


Three-Thread Over lock Stitch.
Using this strong and stable safety stitch eliminates the need to
reinforce the seam with a conventional sewing machine
straight stitch.

Buttonholer (can be used to reduce the cost of button


hole machine)

A buttonholer is an attachment for a sewing machine which


automates the side-to-side and forward-and-backward motions
involved in sewing a buttonhole.
A buttonholer attachment can create buttonholes from any sewing
machine capable of making a lock stitch.
The buttonholer's adaptor attaches to the machine's presser bar,
replacing the presser foot.

Bibliography

BINRAN, Juki Publications


http://fashionganga.com/2011/08/15/history-of-jumpsuits-then-to-now/
http://www.garmento.org/751Astitchesandseams/SS.htm
http://www.jesseheap.com/Pictures/Brochure2/htmloptions/optionu.html
http://www.rga.co.uk/pdf/rgc12.pdf
http://www.rga.co.uk/pdf/rgc10.pdf