You are on page 1of 51

AWARENESS PROGRAM

ON
WIRING

METER & HOUSE

What is Electricity
Meter

A device to
record
Energy
consumptio
n.

Meter
Terminology
No load Test
Starting Current
Current Range
Influence parameters

Meter Type v/s


Recording

If Load is 2 AC, 1 Geyser, 1 Fridge, 1 TV, 20 bu


Current 38 Amp
Sr. No
Rating
Recording
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0

2.5~5A ( Mech.)
5A~10A ( Mech.)
5A~20A (mech.)
10~40A(Mech.)
10~60A ( Elect.)

Read
Read
Read
Read
Read

15%
26%
53%
Okay
Okay

BSES Electronic
Meters
Specifications
Rating 10~60A
Starting 0.2%
Kwh and MD in KW
TOD, 6 Tariff and 6 time zone
6 Month Billing data
RS232C
Transformer supply

FAQ
Why Mechanical meters read less
Influence Parameters
Age
Wear and Tear
Narrow Range
Mounting
Dust and Oil effect
Mechanical Counters

FAQ
Why electronic meters are preferred
Wide Range
Low starting current
Less effect of Influence
parameters
More accurate
Tamper proof

ROLE OF LED

N-CUT

CAL LED
EL

REV LED

ROLE OF LED

CAL LED
High resolution
out put device for
meter checking

ROLE OF LED

REV

LED

* Indicates reverse flow o


Energy
Reasons
*Incorrect wiring
*Use of un isolated
*Generator/ Inverters
10

ROLE OF LED

EL

Due to unbalanced Curr


Needs Attention

11

ROLE OF LED

N- Cut

Indicates current withou


voltage on Meter
Contact discom
immediately
12

The
glowing ABOUT
of the EL LED
KNOW
ELindicates the
following:
Earth is being used as neutral.
Neutral is touching the earth.
Phase / Neutral wire is touching
with
phase / neutral wire of the
neighbour
Neutral wire is interconnected
with the
neighbors13 neutral wire.

KNOW
ABOUT
EL
Wrong wiring, among others
things can result in:
Safety hazards (wires are still
live, even when the main switch is
off).
Cause fire (if by mistake, phase
and
neutral wires get
interchanged)
Wrong Current flow (neighbours
current can flow through your
meter)
14

Good electronic
meters have Current
sensors in both the
Phase path, and
Neutral path
For
For Measurement,
Measurement, it
it
chooses
chooses higher
higher ** of
of
the
the two
two current.
current.

general Phase, current is used for measurement. How


utral Current varies by more than 10~ 12 % then Neu
current selected
15

Electro-mechanical
Meter has Current
sensor only on one
wire
All
All Measurement
Measurement
based
based on
on phase
phase wire
wire
current
current even
even when
when
connected
connected to
to
neutral.
neutral.
16

Good electronic
meters have Current
sensors in both the
Phase path, and
Neutral path
This
This is
is an
an advantage
advantage of
of
electronic
electronic meters
meters over
over
electromechanical
electromechanical
meters
meters
Never
Never buy
buy electronic
electronic meters
meters without
without this
this
feature
feature

But
But neutral
neutral looping
looping may
may cause
cause the
the meter
meter
to
to run
run extra
extra
17

KNOW ABOUT EL
If EL is glowing, get your internal wiring
checked for any leakages and other
problems and also carefully look at the
EL LED in the Electronic Meters. EL LED,
in Electronic Meters, however small, is of
great
importance and consumers are advised
not to
ignore its usefulness.
18

HOUSE DISTRIBUTION
BOX
METER
Fuse

MCB / Switch
Phase
Neutral
D. Box

19

NORMAL CONNECTION

I
E
L
N
20

red

=I

mech

yellow

=E

elect

NORMAL CONNECTION

I
E
L
N
JUMPER
21

red

<I

mech

<

yellow

elect

INPUT PHASE / NEUTRAL


INTERCHANGE

I
E

=I

mech

yellow

=E

elec

NO EFFECT

N
L

red

NO EFFECT
22

NEUTRAL TOUCHING TO EARTH

EL glow

< I red (EL on


Electronic = I red
Mechanical = I red
white

E
L

mech

=E

elec

NO EFFECT

N
23

INTERCHANGE LINE & NEUTRAL


EARTH SHIFTING

EL glow

I red > I white (EL on


Electronic = I red
Mechanical = I white

Mechanical read les

L
24

INTERCHANGE LINE & NEUTRAL


EARTH SHIFTING

EL glow

white = 0

I red > I white (EL on


Electronic = I red
Mechanical = Nil

Mechanical read Nil

L
25

ELECTRONIC METER
RECORD CORRECTLY

L
No Effect
26

COMMON NEUTRAL

ConsumerMeter Recording
As per
A
Neutral
Current (Extra)

L
N

Consumer
B

L
N
27

As per
Phase
current
(okay)

COMMON NEUTRAL
Consumer
A

L
N

15A

15A

15A
(15+5) A

15A

5A

15A

Consumer
B

15A
15A

10A
28

COMMON NEUTRAL
Consumer
A

15A
15A

L
N

15A
14.5A

15A

0.5A

15A

Consumer
B

15A
(15+0.5) A
29

15A

COMMON NEUTRAL
Consumer
A

15A

L
N

15A
15A
10A

15A
5A

15A

Consumer
B

15A

15A

(15+5) A
30

INTERCONNECTED NEUTRAL

N
31

Wiring Defect
Type Of Defects
Distribution Box
Wiring

32

Distributio
n Box

1. Use of DP- MCB/ Isolat


2. Ensure ELCB.
3. For more than 10 Amp
Separate MCB.
4. Neutral Bus-bar.
5. Correct fuse & wire siz
33

ELCB

MCB

FUSE

Proper Installation

34

Wiring Defect
Earth (No
Neutral)
N-E
Common N
Common P
Combination
35

Wiring
Defect
Tools
Clamp on
tester
Bulb tester
Line tester
Electrician
Kit.
36

Clamp on tester
37

HOUSE DISTRIBUTION
BOX
METER
Fuse

MCB / Switch
Phase
Neutral
D. Box

GLOW

38

HOUSE DISTRIBUTION
BOX
METER
Fuse

MCB / Switch
Phase
Neutral
D. Box

GLOW

39

Wiring Defect
Step-1.

If number of meters in one


premise
is only one, then there is
no common Neutral problem.

40

Step-2. Load On
Check I

phase

&I

neutral

If I neutral = 0
Earth is used.

METER
Phase

10A
Neutral

0A

EARTH

EL

NE
41

Common
Neutral

Step-3.

If Neutral removed from MCB


is still load working, then it is
a wiring problem.
If the total MCB is off and the
load is still working, then
both wire are being shared

42

Step-4.

At MCB

If Phase is Off, then EL Off


Means Neutral-Earth Problem
Step-5.

If neighbour Phase Off


Then EL Off ,
Means Common wire.
43

Phase
Neutral
EARTH
Phase
Neutral
EARTH

44

Step-6.

If V

EN

Then Earth not touching Neutral


Step-7.

If common wire
Disconnect one by one Neutral Ckt.
From Bus-bar & see if EL off.
45

Step-8.

Once Ckt. Identified then repa


The defect.
Step-9.

Once again check all current

i.e.

46

Ip

In

HOUSE DISTRIBUTION
BOX
METER
Fuse

MCB / Switch
Phase
Neutral
D. Box

GLOW

47

Typical Defect
Pts.
Common Load. E.g. Motor
Stair Case Light (i.e. two way
switch.
Common Invertors / Generator.
Houses with separate power &
light meter.
48

Typical Pts. Where Earth


gets common with neutral
Metallic body Appliances.
Appliances connected with
metal pipe line.
Building RCC.

49

!!Beware !!
Meter can only be touch by
Discom (BSES) employee.

50

Thank
You

51