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Planning Strategies

Advanced Supply Chain Planning Fundamentals

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Objectives

After completing this module, you should be able to do the


following:
Describe simulation
Describe planning strategies
Perform simulation

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Module Overview: Topics

Simulation
Planning strategies

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Topic Overview: Simulation I

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Simulation
Simulation modes
Plan scenarios
Comparing alternative plans
Implementing plan changes
Net change simulation process
Online net change
Changes for net change simulation
Online demand changes
Online supplier capacity changes
Online resource changes
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Topic Overview: Simulation II

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Running online net change


Batch net change
Undo summary window
Full re-plan simulation process
Changes for full re-plan simulations

Copyright 2009, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Simulation

Simulation is modeling alternative or what-if scenarios:


What if demand dates and quantities change?
What if demand priorities change?
What if material or resource availability changes?
What if optimization objectives change?

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Simulation Modes

Net change
Online
Batch

Full re-plan

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Plan Scenarios
Copy plan and then modify the named copy

Plan A

Plan B
Copy

Plan B
Modify

Save actions to create a plan version

Plan A

Plan A, V1
Save
actions

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Plan A, V1
Save
actions

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Comparing Alternative Plans

Copy, version, and save your plan


View graphical online comparison of multiple plans and
simulation scenarios
Compare key performance indicators
Compare quantified results and exceptions
Visually highlight changes

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Implementing Plan Changes

Source instance
Destination instance

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Net Change Simulation Process

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Generate the baseline plan


Save as another plan name
Create alternative what-if scenarios
Run scenarios
Compare results
Simulation set

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Changes for Net Change Simulation

Run by changing plan inputs and parameters and


rerunning the new, simulated plan.
The new simulated plan can be saved as a new plan and
compared to the original (baseline) plan.
You can copy and version your plan, save and compare
exceptions, and visually highlight changes.

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Online Demand Changes

Demand attributes
Forecasts
Sales orders
Master demand schedules

Demand priorities

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Online Supply Changes

New firm planned orders


Firming and changing quantity or date of existing
planned orders

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Online Supplier Capacity Changes

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Change supplier capacity


Change planned orders
Cancel purchase orders or change due date
Cancel work orders or change due date

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Online Resource Changes

Modify resource availability


Add or remove shifts
Change machine or labor resource quantity
Employ alternative resources

Change material and resources simultaneously


Adjust resource availability over user-specified time
frame

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Running Online Net Change

1. Start the online planner.


2. Load the plan into memory.
3. Use the Planner Workbench to adjust data for the
scenario desired.
4. Run the online planner.
5. Evaluate and compare scenario results.
6. If desired, go back to step 3.
7. Stop the online planner.

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Batch Net Change

Same changes
Different launch method
Same output

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Undo Summary Window

A complete audit trail of all changes to the plan, by


planner, is kept to manage the interaction of multiple
users.
Individual changes, or all changes back to a userdefined bookmark, can be undone to restore the plan to
a previous state.

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Full Re-plan Simulation Process

Start with a copy of the baseline plan or define another


plan name
Change any source and destination data and
parameters
Run data collection programs, if source data has
changed
Launch planning
Compare to baseline plan

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Changes for Full Re-plan Simulation

Work orders
Quantity
BOM
Routing

Purchase orders
Quantity
Supplier
Cost

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Quiz

The Net Change simulation method causes a new


simulated plan to be completely rerun.
1. True
2. False

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Quiz

A group of capacity modifications needed for a specific


purpose is called:
1.
2.
3.
4.

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Online demand changes


Simulation sets
Work orders
Demand attributes

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Quiz

During online planning, a planner can modify supplier


capacity and resource availability.
1. True
2. False

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Quiz

During online planning, a planner can use alternative


bills or routings.
1. True
2. False

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Topic Overview: Planning Strategies

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Plan types
Planning method
Multiple organization planning
Benefits of holistic plans
Subset planning scenarios
Pitfalls of subset planning
Existing plans as demand schedules
Existing plans as supply schedules

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Plan Types

Master
Production
Plan (MPP)

Master
Production
Schedule (MPS)

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Material
Requirements
Plan (MRP)

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Planning Method Item Attribute


Plan Type

MPP

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Planning Method

MPP Planned
MPS/MPP Planned
MRP/MPP Planned

MPS

MPS Planning

MRP Planning

MRP

Not planned

MPS/MPP Planning

MRP/MPP Planned
All planned items

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Multiple Organization Planning


NYD
Item: A66331
Laptop

SFD
Item: A66331
Laptop

SAC
Item: A66331
Laptop

SAC
Item: S31577
Chassis-A

Individual Plan

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Holistic
Plan

Subset
Plan 1
Subset
Plan 2

SAC
Item: C68378
Monitor

Subset
Plan 3

AUS
Item: C68378
Monitor

AUS
Item: C58900
Panel

Copyright 2009, Oracle. All rights reserved.

AUS
Item: C86325
Box, Shipping

Holistic Plans
NYD
Item: A66331
Laptop

SFD
Item: A66331
Laptop

Holistic
Plan

SAC
Item: A66331
Laptop

SAC
Item: S31577
Chassis-A

SAC
Item: C68378
Monitor

AUS
Item: C68378
Monitor

AUS
Item: C58900
Panel

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Copyright 2009, Oracle. All rights reserved.

AUS
Item: C86325
Box, Shipping

Subset Planning Scenarios


NYD
Item: A66331
Laptop

SFD
Item: A66331
Laptop

SAC
Item: A66331
Laptop

SAC
Item: S31577
Chassis-A

Subset
Plan 2

SAC
Item: C68378
Monitor

Subset
Plan 3

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Subset
Plan 1

AUS
Item: C68378
Monitor

AUS
Item: C58900
Panel

Copyright 2009, Oracle. All rights reserved.

AUS
Item: C86325
Box, Shipping

Pitfalls of Subset Planning


NYD
Item: A66331
Laptop

SFD
Item: A66331
Laptop

SAC
Item: A66331
Laptop

SAC
Item: S31577
Chassis-A

Subset
Plan 2

SAC
Item: C68378
Monitor

Subset
Plan 3

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Subset
Plan 1

AUS
Item: C68378
Monitor

AUS
Item: C58900
Panel

Copyright 2009, Oracle. All rights reserved.

AUS
Item: C86325
Box, Shipping

Existing Plans as Demand Schedules


NYD
Item: A66331
Laptop

SFD
Item: A66331
Laptop

Multi-org MPP
Input To
Single-org MPS

SAC
Item: A66331
Laptop

Input To
Multi-org MRP

SAC
Item: S31577
Chassis-A

SAC
Item: C68378
Monitor

AUS
Item: C68378
Monitor

AUS
Item: C58900
Panel

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Copyright 2009, Oracle. All rights reserved.

AUS
Item: C86325
Box, Shipping

Existing Plans as Supply Schedules


MPP
MRP
Supplier 2

Supplier 1

DC 1

Fab 1
Assembly

Supplier 3

Fab 2

DC 2

Supplier 4
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Consumers

Quiz

The Master Production Plan, Master Production


Schedule, and Material Requirements Plan are all:
1.
2.
3.
4.

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Holistic plans
Demand schedules
Planning scenarios
Plan types

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Quiz

Plan a portion of the supply chain separately outside of


the overall supply chain MPP plan is called Subset
Planning.
1. True
2. False

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Copyright 2009, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Summary

In this module, you should have learned how to:


Describe simulation
Describe planning strategies

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Copyright 2009, Oracle. All rights reserved.