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TURKCELL

TURKCELL

UMTS OVERVIEW

TOLGA YENAL

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UMTS OVERVIEW
•2G TO 3G EVOLUTION
•UMTS CONCEPT
•UMTS RADIO NETWORK
•UMTS CORE NETWORK
•UMTS TRANSPORT NETWORK

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GSM TO UMTS EVOLUTION

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TELECOMMUNICATION
TELECOMMUNICATION
HISTORY
HISTORY

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TURKCELL TREND TREND SPEECH DATA SPEECH DATA TURKCELL .

TURKCELL TURKCELL GSM PHASE PHASE 22 + + GSM DATA TRANSMISSION TRANSMISSION DATA HSCSD GPRS EDGE .

72kbps .TURKCELL TURKCELL GPRSTECHNOLOGY TECHNOLOGY GPRS Range: 12kbps -115kbps Practical range: 12.

TURKCELL TURKCELL EDGE TECHNOLOGY EDGETECHNOLOGY TECHNOLOGY EDGE Range: 60kbps .480kbps Practical range: 40.160kbps .

8kbps 12-115kbps 40-480kbps 384kbps-2Mbps 2-14Mbps .TURKCELL TURKCELL 2G TO TO 3G 3G 2G EVOLUTION PATH PATH EVOLUTION IS135 IS136+ EDGE GSM GPRS UMTS (WCDMA) IS95+ IS95++ HSDPA PDC IS95 7-28.

TURKCELL TURKCELL EVOLUTION EVOLUTION TECHNICAL EVOLUTION 3G 2G 2G NETWORK EVOLUTION UMTS UMTS WCDMA WCDMA SERVICE EVOLUTION .

TURKCELL TURKCELL UMTS .

TURKCELL TURKCELL TELECOMMUNICATION HISTORY AND STANDARTASITION .

TURKCELL 3G STANDARDISATION STANDARDISATION 3G TURKCELL .

TURKCELL RADIO TRANSMISSION TRANSMISSION RADIO TECHNOLGY RTT RTT TECHNOLGY TURKCELL PROPOSAL FOR IMT2000 .

TURKCELL RADIO TRANSMISSION TRANSMISSION RADIO TECHNOLGY RTT RTT TECHNOLGY TURKCELL .

TURKCELL RTT SELECTION SELECTION AND AND RTT TIME SCHEDULES SCHEDULES TIME TURKCELL .

TURKCELL 3GPP 3GPP TURKCELL .

3gpp2.org UMTS Forum : http://www.mwif.org Universal Wireless Communication: http://www.gsacom.org GSM Forum : http://www.asp  Mobile Partnership Projects – – 3GPP : http://www.org IPv6 Forum: http://www.org/portal/index.uwcc.umts-forum.imt-2000.ipv6forum.com .gsmworld.3gip.com  Mobile – – – – – Technical Forums Marketing Forums Mobile Wireless Internet Forum: http://www.Partnership Project and Forums  ITU IMT-2000 http://www.org Global Mobile Supplier: http://www.3gpp.org 3GPP2 : http://www.org  Mobile – – 3G All IP Forum: http://www.

TURKCELL UMTS CONCEPT TURKCELL .

TURKCELL TURKCELL DEMANDS ON ON UMTS UMTS DEMANDS LOW COST COMMUNICATION UMTS .

TURKCELL EXAMPLE OF OF UMTS UMTS EXAMPLE SERVİCES SERVİCES TURKCELL .

TURKCELL TURKCELL UMTS SERVİCES SERVİCES AND AND UMTS DATA RATE RATE DATA UMTS offers flexible and dynamic bit rat 8 – 2000 kbps .

TURKCELL TURKCELL UMTS APPLICATION APPLICATION UMTS FIELD FIELD 3G COVERS 2G 3.5G COVERS WLAN 3.5G: HSDPA/HSUPA .

TURKCELL UMTS UMTS CONCEPT (ZONE) (ZONE) CONCEPT TURKCELL .

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UMTS SPECTRUM
SPECTRUM -EUROPE
-EUROPE
UMTS

NEW LICANCE

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SPECTRUM REQUIREMENTS
REQUIREMENTS
SPECTRUM
FOR OPERATORS
OPERATORS
FOR

Macro cell

Micro Cell

15 MHz

TURKCELL

UMTS NETWORK

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UMTS
UMTS
MAIN NETWORK
NETWORK
MAIN

Standart interface

TURKCELL TURKCELL UMTS NETWORK NETWORK WITH WITH GSM GSM UMTS CO-EXİSTANCE CO-EXİSTANCE GSM&UMTSNODES NODES GSM&UMTS .

TURKCELL TURKCELL UMTS UMTS PHASE1 NETWORK NETWORK PHASE1 Main Change .

TURKCELL UTRAN UTRAN TURKCELL .

TURKCELL UTRAN HIERARCHICAL HIERARCHICAL ARCHITECTURE ARCHITECTURE UTRAN TURKCELL .

TURKCELL UTRAN-RNC ROLES ROLES UTRAN-RNC TURKCELL .

TURKCELL TURKCELL UTRAN RNC RNC TYPES TYPES UTRAN SOFT HANDOVER SOFT HANDOVER .

TURKCELL UTRAN CELL CELL UTRAN CONCEPT CONCEPT TURKCELL Macro Cell •Large coverage (->GSM) •High mobility •Max kbps •Hot384/144 spot coverage •Range > several 1km •Low/medium mobility •High Indoor Low •Max 2048/384 kbpsoutdoor coverage •Low mobility (<10km/h) •Range > several 100m •Max 2048 kbps •Range > several 10m Micro Cell Pico Cell .

TURKCELL UMTS RADIO NETWORK WCDMA TECHNOLOGY TURKCELL .

TURKCELL TRANSMISSION TYPES TYPES TRANSMISSION FREQUENCY TURKCELL .

TURKCELL TURKCELL TRANSMISSION TRANSMISSION PRINCIPLES PRINCIPLES HOW? .

but mixed with different distinguishing code patterns • a channel is a unique (set of) code pattern(s) Tim e nc ue q e Fr y TDMA Power Tim e e qu e r F y nc CDMA Power Tim e ue q e Fr y nc .TURKCELL RADIO ACCESS ACCESS TYPES TYPES RADIO – FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access TURKCELL FDMA Power • each user on a different frequency • a channel is a frequency – TDMA Time Division Multiple Access • each user on a different window period in time (“time slot”) • a channel is a specific time slot on a specific frequency – CDMA Code Division Multiple Access • each user uses the same frequency all the time.

TURKCELL CDMATECHNOLOGY TECHNOLOGY CDMA TURKCELL .

TURKCELL Wideband Code D ivision Multiple Access TURKCELL ? .

84Mhz .TURKCELL TURKCELL WCDMA WCDMA Power is “Spread” Over a Larger Bandwidth 12.2 KHZ 3.

TURKCELL WCDMA WCDMA TURKCELL ? WIDE BAND B .

TURKCELL TURKCELL SPREADING SPREADING GSM 200KHz UMTS 5MHz SF:SPREADING FACTOR B 3.84MHz B= 3.84MHZ DUE TO GUARD PERİOD .

TURKCELL ORTHOGONAL VARIABLE VARIABLE ORTHOGONAL SPREADING FACTOR FACTOR (OVSF) (OVSF) CODES CODES SPREADING TURKCELL .

840 Mcps User with 4x Bit Rate 11 (Walsh) Codes 1.TURKCELL TURKCELL OVSF CODES CODES OVSF 1 Chip Rate = 3.92 Mb/s 1111 1100 10 1010 1001 11111111 11110000 11001100 11000011 10101010 10100101 10011001 10010110 480 kb/s 480 kb/s 480 kb/s 480 kb/s 480 kb/s 480 kb/s 480 kb/s 480 kb/s = Unusable Code Space .

TURKCELL TURKCELL SPREADING SPREADING SF= ? SF GAIN DEPENDS ON USER DATA RATE 4 .

TURKCELL TURKCELL WCDMA Cocktail Cocktail Party Party WCDMA CODE HOW SPANISH PEOPLE LISTEN SPANISH MUSIC ? .

TURKCELL Courtesy of Suresh Goyal & Rich Howard TURKCELL .

TURKCELL Courtesy of Suresh Goyal & Rich Howard TURKCELL .

TURKCELL Courtesy of Suresh Goyal & Rich Howard TURKCELL .

TURKCELL Courtesy of Suresh Goyal & Rich Howard TURKCELL .

distance. axl ia ug wh t nt en tic no . iish T-m u/u r t khi cpo e.r lAo lmh br l d5o e n i z i e 3o l .a in row mh i tc e i st le 8c 8ti mo lef sro fm hh itc ean wos ue d a ar ha dgd eis ot he s s mo mr me beve tytl erg ee fan tc i. ae fe ei onc don tc ir .s i ad dr a ct uo ds nm ts t ia dot wim si tg gn ne oi ln ou b rir ge no tn rd. amnv e a a2r mcs ı. l T dhe i we nğ oi stui em y t e m b l mc n xa mi sle h tyr i m g e ş iiyee 0i y5n o8o lca uie ns ai rz. beSe cr uh dn do rs oe ic ag eiz oe aa qc irw ei uw ing hr a ndt oh f m ba yn he sn .TURKCELL TURKCELL The A BTr San ug sM tic oe sesof aca quC iD iA nll ani ds n er oa uly atl ii nit sed arb cy ie wt do mm dl om h t wh ndt oo sal mt a ce it eon tht eha pt tc u sr ara cl ut hnu la ki iloc es hon g o id dn wr sr dpe bg hho şoa gih ee.

mi s uo mnh sl a ee ty l tr inş .d Ti s he n mc O ai xa c iz.rl o Ao t mh oe br ile 3o l 8c . hh ii pT shu g -m 1r /u o 8k nt cc hie a p)l n . g e a ii s sy te 40y i 9s 5o /l 8l o cu a ht in e pd s a d (t 5a o 1p 2ma cı. distance.a 8ti mo in lef sro fm row mh i tc hh e i st itc ean wos ue le d a beve ar tytl ha erg ee dgd eis ot fan tc he i. s s mo axl ia mr ug me wh t ia nt dot wim si en tg tic no gn .TURKCELL TURKCELL The A BTr San ug sesof aca quC iD sM iA tic oe nll ani ds n do er mm oa dl uly atl ii om nit sed arb cy h t wh ie ndt oo wt sal mt a ut ce hnu la it ki eon tht eha pt iloc tc u sr es ara cl hon g o e wr iğ d ni di n oa wt r syi up sm r eo de pa bg yh ato ho i eş nmg oa p be ih t ll e. .s i ad ne dr a ct oi uo ln ds nm ou ts t b oe rir ge ic no ag tn eiz oe rd. beSe aa cr qc uh irw ei dn do uw rs ing hr a ae ndt oh fe f m ba ei yn onc don tc he ir sn .

axl ia ug wh t nt en tic no . iish T-m u/u r t khi cpo e. distance.s i ad dr a ct uo ds nm ts t ia dot wim si tg gn ne oi ln ou b rir ge no tn rd. ae fe ei onc don tc ir .a in row mh i tc e i st le 8c 8ti mo lef sro fm hh itc ean wos ue d a ar ha dgd eis ot he s s mo mr me beve tytl erg ee fan tc i. l T dhe i we nğ oi stui em y t e m b l mc n xa mi sle h tyr i m g e ş iiyee 0i y5n o8o lca uie ns ai rz. beSe cr uh dn do rs oe ic ag eiz oe aa qc irw ei uw ing hr a ndt oh f m ba yn he sn .r lAo lmh br l d5o e n i z i e 3o l . amnv e a a2r mcs ı.TURKCELL TURKCELL The A BTr San ug sM tic oe sesof aca quC iD iA nll ani ds n er oa uly atl ii nit sed arb cy ie wt do mm dl om h t wh ndt oo sal mt a ce it eon tht eha pt tc u sr ara cl ut hnu la ki iloc es hon g o id dn wr sr dpe bg hho şoa gih ee.

.TURKCELL TURKCELL The A BTr San ug sesof aca quC iD sM iA tic oe nll ani ds n do er mm oa dl uly atl ii om nit sed arb cy h t wh ie ndt oo wt sal mt a ut ce hnu la it ki eon tht eha pt iloc tc u sr es ara cl hon g o w id n dn o wr sy s eo d b ya h en oa b ih l e. distance. The ar ri aa vup er rpa mg et i yo emp nt es m O c a x c a i m s i u m o n s a l e t l y t i .a 8ti mo in lef sro fm row mh i tc hh e i st itc ean wos ue le d a beve ar tytl ha erg ee dgd eis ot fan tc he i. n g a i s i s t e 4 0 i 9 5 s / 8 l o c a h i t e p s d d e r s i n i z a (t 5o 1p 2 a chh ii pg sh-m 1o /u 8nt ca hi n p)o .s i ad ne dr a ct oi uo ln ds nm ou ts t b oe rir ge ic no ag tn eiz oe rd.r Ao t mh oe br ile 3o l 8c . beSe aa cr qc uh irw ei dn do uw rs ing hr a ae ndt oh fe f m ba ei yn onc don tc he ir sn . s s mo axl ia mr ug me wh t ia nt dot wim si en tg tic no gn .

TURKCELL WCDMA CODES CODES WCDMA WHICHBTS BTS?? WHICH WHICHMS MS?? WHICH WHICHDATA DATARATE? RATE? WHICH HOWMANY MANYAPPLICATION APPLICATION?? HOW PN (SCRAMBLING) CODE -(LONG CODE) ORTHOGONAL CODE -(SHORT CODE) TURKCELL .

TURKCELL TURKCELL PN (SCRAMBILING) (SCRAMBILING) CODES CODES PN Uplink: Downlink: PN Code used to distinguish each Mobile Station PN Code used to distinguish each Base Station Cell Site “1” transmits using PN code 1 PN1 PN1 PN3 PN4 Cell Site “2” transmits using PN code 2 PN2 PN5 PN2 PN6 .

. Both signals are received together  PN Code Rate    Data Rate   PN Code 1 Signal 1 is reconstructed Signal 2 looks like noise .TURKCELL TURKCELL PN (SCRAMBILING) (SCRAMBILING) CODES CODES PN Amplitude Two Transmitters at the same frequency Signal 1 PN Code 1 Amplitude Frequency Both signals combined in the air interface Signal 2 Frequency PN Code 2 Spread Spectrum Processing Gain AT THE RECEIVER..

OC7 Uplink: Orthogonal Codes used to distinguish data channels coming from each Mobile Station OC1 . OC3 OC1. OC2 OC3. OC4 . OC6. OC2. OC2. OC3. OC2 OC1. OC4 OC5.TURKCELL TURKCELL ORTHOGONAL VARIABLE VARIABLE SPREADING SPREADING CODES CODES ORTHOGONAL Downlink: Orthogonal Codes used to distinguish data channels Coming from each Base Station OC1.

92 Mb/s 1111 1100 10 1010 1001 11111111 11110000 11001100 11000011 10101010 10100101 10011001 10010110 480 kb/s 480 kb/s 480 kb/s 480 kb/s 480 kb/s 480 kb/s 480 kb/s 480 kb/s = Unusable Code Space .840 Mcps User with 4x Bit Rate 11 (Walsh) Codes 1.TURKCELL TURKCELL ORTHOGONAL CODES CODES ORTHOGONAL 1 Chip Rate = 3.

PN Spreading Codes and Orthogonal Codes are simultaneously utilized • Cellular CDMA (IS-95. WCDMA) – PN Codes are used: • To distinguish between Mobile Stations • To distinguish between Base Stations – Orthogonal Codes are used: • To distinguish between data channels coming from each MS • To distinguish between data channels from each BS .TURKCELL TURKCELL CODES SUMMARY SUMMARY CODES Spread Spectrum Multiple Access Code Division Multiple Access User 1 User 2 User 3 Frequency . cdma2000...

TURKCELL TURKCELL WCDMA ASPECTS ASPECTS WCDMA POWER CONTROL CONTROL POWER CELLBREATHING BREATHING CELL RAKE RECEIVER RECEIVER RAKE HANDOVER HANDOVER .

TURKCELL TURKCELL POWER CONTROL CONTROL POWER WHY POWER CONTROL ? Threshold Desired Signal İnterferer p1 p2 p3 Signal Increase Capacity Capacity Increase .

TURKCELL TURKCELL CELL BREATHING BREATHING CELL DEPENDS ON TRAFFIC .

TURKCELL TURKCELL RAKE RECEIVER RECEIVER RAKE • CDMA Mobile Station RAKE Receiver Architecture – Each finger tracks a single multipath reflection • Also be used to track other base station’s signal during soft handover – One finger used as a “Searcher” to identify other base stations Finger #1 Finger #2 Combiner Finger #N Searcher Finger Sum of individual multipath components .

TURKCELL HANDOVER HANDOVER •SOFTER HANDOVER •SOFT HANDOVER •Intra RNC •Inter RNC •RAT HANDOVER TURKCELL .

TURKCELL TURKCELL MODULATION MODULATION • I/Q (In-phase/Quadrature) Modulation (QPSK): Definition – Two data streams are multiplied by a common carrier frequency. but at phase offsets of 0 degrees (cosine)and 90 degrees (sine) Data Stream #1 “ I ” +1 -1 I sin ( 2  fRF t) 90o SUM cos ( 2  fRF t) Data Stream #2 “ Q ” +1 -1 + Q cos ( 2  fRF t) .

(Primary Common Control Physical Channel) BCH. find frame timing. RACH procedure. but power control each frame to an UE (time mux) / code mux / multi-code to a single UE HS-DSCH (High Speed DL Shared): 3 slots. FACH is the corresponding DL. DRX PRACH: UL. high power. no data. why?) SF = 512 to 4. with PICH PCH & PICH affect stand-by time. DL time mux. Rach message / preamble. whole cell. 2 ms. not scrambled. SF = 256 to 32 DPCH: DL & UL. DPDCH & DPCCH (UL use I Q modulation. RACH message is short (10 or 20 ms). dedicated (for each user) connection PCPCH (Physical Common Packet): UL. with AICH (DL) UE initiate connection. PCH in hundreds of cells. low fixed rate (SF = 256) SCCPCH: DL. find slot timing SSC: different for each slot. several frames PDSCH (Physical DL Shared): DL. extension of RACH SF = 256 to 4. (Secondary Common Control Physical Channel) FACH: may have more than one FACH. phase reference. . search purpose PSC: same for each slot. find scrambling code group PCCPCH: DL. but scrambled SCH (Sync Channel): DL. power control. sort of like FACH.TURKCELL TURKCELL PHYSICAL CHANNELS CHANNELS PHYSICAL CPICH (Common pilot): DL. short avoid bad channel. no data. low or high rate PCH: network initiate a call.

512 2 bit/symbol SFUL= 4.TURKCELL TURKCELL 3GPPWCDMA WCDMA some somephysical physicalparameters parameters 3GPP Chip rate = 3.256 1 bit/symbol Processing gain = Chip rate / data rate Frame length = 10 ms consisting of 15 slots 1 Superframe consists of 72 frames Fast power control = bi-directional...84 Mcps RF bandwidth = 5 MHz (carrier or cell carrier) Modulation = QPSK SF= Chip rate / Symbol rate SFDL= 4. 1500 Hz .

TURKCELL TURKCELL UMTS CORE NETWORK .

TURKCELL UMTS NETWORK NETWORK UMTS ARCHITECTURE ARCHITECTURE TURKCELL .

TURKCELL TURKCELL CN LAYERS LAYERS CN Service Capability Servers Services/ application layer Application Servers Application Servers MSC Server HLR/AuC/FNR SGSN Server GMSC/Transit Server SGW Control PSTN/ ISDN MGW Connectivity MGW GGSN GSM Internet Intranets EDGE WCDMA Control .

TURKCELL TURKCELL UEUMTS/GSMAN CN UMTS/GSM Referencemodel model Reference MSC MSC MT MT BTS BSC A MSC MSC HLR HLR Iu EIR EIR RNS USIM USIM ME ME BS SCF SCF GMSC GMSC BSS SIM SIM External Networks Gb SMSSMSGMSC GMSC SMSSMSIWMSC IWMSC RNC Iur AUC AUC Iu SGSN SGSN GGSN GGSN RNS USIM USIM ME ME BS RNC SGSN SGSN WCDMA RAN Note: Not all interfaces shown and named ISDN PSTN PSPDN CSPDN PDN: -Intranet -Extranet -Internet .

323 Connectivity WCDMA RAN MGW GGSN Connectivity backbone (IP. ATM) MGW MGW Internet Intranets MGW WCDMA RAN PSTN/ISDN/ PLMN .TURKCELL TURKCELL CNNETWORK NETWORKVISION VISION CN Appl Servers Services/Applications SCP SCS HLR Control Telephony Server MSC Server SGSN Server SIP H.

TURKCELL TURKCELL OSS-RCARCHITECTURE ARCHITECTURE UMTS/GSM UMTS/GSM OSS-RC Referencemodel model Reference .

TURKCELL TURKCELL UMTS TRANSMISSION NETWORK Backbone Network Access Access Access .

TURKCELL TURKCELL TRANSMISSION TRANSMISSION TECHNOLOGIES TECHNOLOGIES Content Applications Servers Service Capabilities Service Control • SDH Backbone Network • ATM Access • IP Access Access Clients .

TURKCELL TRANSMISSION TRANSMISSION TECHNOLOGIES TECHNOLOGIES TURKCELL .

TURKCELL TRANSMISSION TRANSMISSION TECHNOLOGIES TECHNOLOGIES TURKCELL .

TURKCELL TURKCELL CORETRANSPORT TRANSPORTNETWORK NETWORKSTRUCTURE STRUCTURE––STEP1 STEP1 CORE Backbone GSM BSS A MSC/ VLR MGW GSM BSS ATM Cello A HLR AXE10 AXE10 ATM STM ATM AXD301 MSC/ VLR TSC MGW AXE10 ATM WCDMA RAN AXD301 Iu ATM ATM ATM GSM BSS A AXE10 STM STM AXE10 Cello MSC/ VLR GMSC MGW STM TSC MGW GMSC MGW STM STM AXE10 MSC/ VLR TSC MGW AXE10 STM A GSM BSS STM .

TURKCELL TURKCELL CORE TRANSPORTNETWORK NETWORKSTRUCTURE STRUCTURE––STEP2 STEP2 STEP2 CORE TRANSPORT STEP2 MGW Cello GSM BSS A MSC/ VLR MGW MGW Backbone Cello GSM BSS HLR A AXE10 AXE10 STM AXD301 MSC/ VLR TSC MGW AXE10 WCDMA RAN MGW AXD301 Cello TSC MGW Iu STM AXE10 Cello GMSC MGW STM AXE10 GSM BSS A MSC/ VLR GMSC MGW AXE10 STM STM MGW Cello MSC/ VLR TSC MGW AXE10 A GSM BSS STM .

TURKCELL TURKCELL CORETRANSPORT TRANSPORTNETWORK NETWORKSTRUCTURE STRUCTURE––STEP3 STEP3 CORE MGW Cello IPBSS MGW Cello Backbone HLR MGW AXE10 Cello WCDMA RAN Router/ Switch ATM/IP MGW Cello WCDMA RAN Router/ Switch ATM/IP MGW Cello MSC/VLR TSC/GMSC Server AXE10 Router/ Switch ATM/IP MGW AXE10 Cello GSM BSS MGW MSC/VLR TSC/GMSC Server Cello MGW Cello MGW Cello WCDMA RAN .

TURKCELL TURKCELL UMTSNetwork NetworkArchitecture Architecture-UMTS IPbased baseddata datatransport transport IP Application Servers Service Plane HLR SGSN W PS Domain MSC Server CS Domain PSTN/ISDN Control Plane RBS RNC WCDMA RAN GMSC Server MGW IP routers User Plane MGW/ GGSN Internet Intranets .

TURKCELL TURKCELL IPBACKBONE BACKBONE IP Advantages Advantages Efficient protocol protocol for for •• Efficient data transport transport data IP stack stack on on “all “all •• IP terminal” terminal” Automatic routing routing and and •• Automatic protection protection Easy to to interconnect interconnect •• Easy heterogeneous heterogeneous networks networks Service creation creation •• Service platform platform Disadvantages Disadvantages Quality of of service service •• Quality handling in in the the IP IP handling network network Inter-working between between •• Inter-working IP based based network network IP domains domains Security •• Security Increased protocol protocol •• Increased overhead overhead Delay and and jitters jitters •• Delay .

TURKCELL TURKCELL THANK YOU .