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EFFECTIVENESS

PERFORMANCE INDICATORS

• Effectiveness in this context refers

specifically to the effectiveness of the
maintenance function in maintaining
the assets.
• Various measures of performance for
the evaluation of maintenance
effectiveness and efficiency exist, the
most important of which are related to
availability, reliability and
maintainability.

• Differentiating Between Failure Metrics
Time between Failures

Time to
Repair

System Failure

Time to
Failure

Resume Normal
Operations

System Failure

• Calculation of MTBF, MTTR and MTTF

Commissioning

User specified period

Runnin
g
R

L₁

R

L₂

R

Down

J₁

J₂

• Formulas for MTBF, MTTR and MTTF
MTTR=

MTTF=
MTBF=

MTBR ≈ MTTF + MTTR

AVAILABILITY
It is the ability of an item to be in a state
to perform a required function under
given conditions at a given instant of
time or during a given time interval,
assuming that the required external
resources are provided.

AVAILABILITY
The two terms that define availability
are Reliability and Maintainability.
Where:
MTBF: Which is a functional reliability
measure that relates to the technical
system or Equipment, and the objective
is to maximize the value of this term.

AVAILABILITY
MTTR: Which is a maintainability
measure that relates to the technical
system or Equipment, and the objective
is to minimize the value of this term.
It follows therefore that improved
availability performance can only be
achieved by increasing the MTBF or
decreasing the MTTR

Availability=
OR
Availability=
OR
Availability=

RELIABILITY
It is the ability of an item to perform a
required function under given
conditions for a given time interval.
Reliability is calculated either as MTBF
or MTTF using the formula above.

RELIABILITY
Poor reliability does not necessarily
result in low availability. Frequent
failures of short duration such as trip
outs could have a negligible effects on
availability yet be very disruptive to the
operations process.

MAINTAINABILITY
It is the ability of an item under given
conditions of use, to be retained in, or
restored to, a state in which it can be
perform a required function, when
maintenance is performed under given
conditions and using stated procedures
and resources.

MAINTAINABILITY
It is the ability of an item under given
conditions of use, to be retained in, or
restored to, a state in which it can be
perform a required function, when
maintenance is performed under given
conditions and using stated procedures
and resources.
Maintainability in terms of MTTR is
calculated according to the above formula.

MAINTAINABILITY
Poor maintainability performance in terms
of repair or downtime will have a direct
adverse effect on the availability because
every time unit of downtime incurred will
reduce the availability time for operations.
This, is however, only true if the downtime
is incurred when the equipment is
required for operations.

FACTORS THAT EFFECTS THE
FAILURE METRICS:
MTBF
• Condition monitoring
• Design
• Redundancy
• Choice of equipment or components

FACTORS THAT EFFECTS THE
FAILURE METRICS:
MTTR
• Organization Structure
• Information systems used
• Routines employed
• Education of work force
• Training

• Calculate the Availability of the plant

from the records specified below:
Start
Shut Down Up
Date

Time Date

5/4/201
4 9:00
5/4/201
423:00
12/4/20
1414:00
16/4/20
1413:00
19/4/20
14 7:00
29/4/20

 
Time

5/4/201
411:00 
6/4/201
4 3:00
12/4/20
1419:00
16/4/20
1413:30
19/4/20
14 9:00

 
Time
Up
between time
failures
 

 
Down
time
2

14

12

4

159

155

5

95

90

0.5

66

65.5

2

THANK YOU!

THE END
7/21/15