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THE 2ND NATIONAL NUCLEAR REGULATORY CONFERENCE

State management of
radiation and nuclear
safety in Vietnam since the
1st national nuclear
regulatory conference
Prof. Dr. Vuong Huu Tan
VARANS Director General

Da Lat, 19/5/2015

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Content

1. Introduction
2. State management activities
3. State management supporting conditions
4. Conclusion and recommendations

Designed by Luu Nam Hai

1. Introduction

(1/2)

- in 2006, the Government of Vietnam adopted the Strategy
on Peaceful Utilization of Atomic Energy, making the
foundation for the issuance of atomic energy application
development plans for socio-economic sectors including
the orientation for the development of nuclear power.
- During the last 2 years, the investment in radioisotope and
radiation application has been growing significantly,
particularly in industry and health care, which is shown by
the increase in the number of licenses granted in these
areas (over 10%).
- The site selection and feasibility studies for Ninh Thuan
NPPs have basically been completed.
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Designed by Luu Nam Hai

1. Introduction

(2/2)

- With such rapid growth in the demand for the utilization of
atomic energy in the socio-economic sectors, the state
management on radiation and nuclear safety has been
facing with enormous challenges both at local and central
level in ensuring the safety and security for this activity;
- The presentation will summarize the state management
activities carried out in Vietnam during the last 2 years,
clarifying difficulties and problems encountered and
making recommendations to further strengthen the state
management on radiation and nuclear safety in Vietnam.

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Designed by Luu Nam Hai

Content

1. Introduction
2. State management activities
3. State management supporting conditions
4. Conclusion and recommendations

Designed by Luu Nam Hai

Studying the shortcomings of the existing atomic energy law and making recommendations for the amendment.1. supplement of the law to make it in line with safety standards of the IAEA and requirements of relevant international conventions and treaties of which Vietnam is a member. .Consulting IAEA on relevant contents related to the amendment of the law.2.Developing the plan for the amendment of the atomic energy law and submit to the Government to incorporate in the law development plan of the National Assembly in 2016 6 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . legal system development (1/5)  Amendment of Atomic Energy Law . .

2.20/2013/TT-BKHCN.1 circular on nuclear safeguards which also applies for NPP (Circular No. 2014 During 2013-2014. VARANS has taking the prime responsibility in drafting and submitting to the Minister to issue 8 circulars as follows: . Circular No. 22/2014/TT-BKHCN.3 circulars on radiation safety management (Circular No. 17/2013/TT-BKHCN) 7 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . 13/2014/TTLT-BKHCN-BYT. Circular No.34/2014/TT-BKHCN) . legal system development (2/5)  Legal documents issued in 2013. Circular No.08/2014/TT-BKHCN) . 25/2014/TT-BKHCN) .3 circulars directly regulating the management of NPP (Circular No.1.21/2013/TT-BKHCN.1 circular applying for both radiation safety management and NPP safety management (Circular No. Circular No.

1.Circular on the requirements for probabilistic safety analysis and deterministic safety analysis in the SAR of the NPP 8 Designed by Luu Nam Hai .2. .Circular on the content of the safety analysis report in the application documents for the construction of NPP. Legal system development (3/5)  Legal documents in drafting (1/2) 2 circulars on NPP management: .

Circular guiding the registration of services supporting for the atomic energy application. technical and material infrastructure investment for the regulatory body on radiation and nuclear safety and nuclear energy development” .2. Desion on approving the Project: enhancing capacity. VARANS is planning to continue drafting 5 legal documents as follows: . 9 Designed by Luu Nam Hai .1.2 PM’s decisions: Decision on approving the national response plan. Circular promulgating technical codes on radiation safety for general X-ray machines in medicine and for CT Scanners. Legal system development (4/5)  Legal documents in drafting (2/2) In 2015.3 circulars: Circular on the content of the safety analysis report for the mining and processing of radioactive ores.

1.The legal system on safety management of radiation and radioisotopes application is relatively completed . 10 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . giving recommendations to ensure the quality of documents anacted.To enable the implementation of specific financial mechanisms for the legal document development to be able to deploy the expertise from domestic and abroad expert in the drafting. Legal system development (5/5)  General evaluation and recommendations . .To amend the atomic energy law as soon as possible to make the foundation for the issuance of under-law documents for the state management of nuclear power project in a timely manner.2. Recommendations: .The legal documents for the site approval and approval of the NPP investment project are basically sufficient.

217/QĐ-BKHCN on the organization and activities of VARANS in replacement of the Decision No.2. + 8 state management organizations + 3 non-business organizations .2.Decision No. 2248/QĐ-BKHCN issued on 10/10/2008. 11 Designed by Luu Nam Hai .The current organization structure is an important transitional step for VARANS to complete its organization as specified in the amended atomic energy law. Establishment of state management system at central and local level (1/2)  Vietnam Agency for Radiation and Nuclear Safety (VARANS) . meeting the requirements of a competent national nuclear regulatory body.

Division of Professional Management (5 DOSTs). and other professional and specialized units (2112DOSTs) Designed by Luu Nam Hai . Local Science and Technology Management Division (01 DOST).2.2. Division of Technology Management .Intellectual Property Radiation and Nuclear Safety (11 DOSTs).DOST is the organization assisting the provincial People’s Committee in implementing the radiation safety management at local level. Establishment of state management system at central and local level (2/2)  Departments of Science and Technology (DOSTs) . + 12 DOSTs have specialized units on radiation safety management + 51 DOSTs establish units or appoint staff to in charge of radiation safety management in their relevant divisions (Division of Technology Management (13 DOSTs).

licensing of radiation works. transporting of source nuclear materials. nuclear materials. granting certificates for radiation workers: + MOST licenses the following activities: operation of irradiators (accelerators. transit of radioactive sources. Licensing - (1/4) Circular No. nuclear equipment and materials.2. radiotherapy equipment using radioactive sources .08/2010/TT-BKHCN dated 22 July 2010 of the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) guiding the declaration. export and import of source nuclear materials...3. and nuclear materials. packing.). + DOSTs gives relevant licenses for X-ray machines in medical diagnosis 13 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . source nuclear materials. + VARANS licenses other radiation works as assigned by MOST. production of radioactive material.

received and assessed application documents and submitted to MOST’s Leaders for issuance of total 48 licenses for radiation works  Licenses issued by VARANS . 14 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . VARANS has given guidance.2.3. health care.During 2013 and 2014.During 2013 and 2014. VARANS has performed the appraisal and issued 1166 licenses and 1193 certificates of radiation workers. business activities related to radioactive sources. research and training. . Licensing (2/4)  Licenses issued by MOST .The licenses mainly focus on the following areas: industry.

certificates of radiation workers issued in 2013 and 2014 Fig 2: Percentage of licenses issued in 2013 Total Khác. 6% Kinh doanh. 6% Y tế. 3% Nghiên cứu đào tạo. 15% 500 400 Năm 2013 300 Năm 2014 200 100 Y tế. Licensing 700 600 Lice nse s issue d by VARANS (3/4) Total Numbe r of Radiation worke r ce rtificcate s Khác. 30% Công nghiệp. 4% Fig 3: Percentage of licenses issued in 2014 Designed by Luu Nam Hai 15 .3. 47% Nghiên cứu đào tạo. 14% Kinh doanh. 54% Lice nse s issue d by MOST 0 1 2 3 Fig 1: Number of licenses. 22% Công nghiệp.2.

2. Licensing (4/4)  Licenses issued by provinces in 2013: DOSTs issued: . 16 Designed by Luu Nam Hai .3.900 X-ray licenses.904 X-ray licenses. in 2014: DOSTs issued: .

4. the inspection teams of VARANS has established administrative violation records for 14 units with the total fine is 218 million vnd. 17 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . Inspection and violation handling (1/3)  Inspection and violation handling of VARANS in 2013 and 2014 .During 2013 and 2014.2. VARANS has conducted specialized regular and irregular inspections on radiation and nuclear safety at 120 facilities in the country - During the inspections in 2013 and 2014.

000 vnd. + in 2014. Inspection and violation handling (2/3)  Inspection and violation handling of DOSTs in 2013.4.750. 682 facilities was inspected by DOSTs. of which 42 facilities were under the authorizations of VARANS.2. DOSTs have performed inspections at 1. there was 132 facilities inspected by DOSTs (mainly medical X-ray facilities) with the total fine of 760. 18 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . 2014 .During 2013 and 2014. the number of facilities under the authorization of VARANS inspected by DOSTs was 44 facilities in the total number of 944 inspected facilities. .626 units with radiation activities in the country + in 2013.During 2 years.

However.2. intellectual property to project. and the quality of those conducted has not been up to expectation. Inspection and violation handling (3/3) . quality. etc. the intensive knowledge on radiation safety. DOSTs’ inspectors have to be in charge of various management areas from measurement.4. .In general. the inspection at facilities other than medical Xray facilities has not been implemented much by DOSTs. and gradually put into place. the radiation safety inspection at localities has been increasingly promoted and implemented regularly. . therefore.. is hardly achieved 19 Designed by Luu Nam Hai .Radiation safety mangement officers don’t have much opportunity for studying to enhance the professional knowledge on industrial radiation equipment.

technical materials.Sept 2014.2.As planned. VARANS is responsible for the drafting and submitting the national radiation and nuclear emergency response plan to the Prime Minister for approval in August 2015. VARANS completed the draft of national radiation and nuclear emergency response plan and other related equipment. 20 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . .5. a budget was allocated by MOST for the implementation of the project “study to develop the national radiation and nuclear emergency response plan“ led by VARANS .In 2013. Radiation and nuclear emergency response (1/4)  National radiation and nuclear emergency response plan .

Khanh hoa. Radiation and nuclear emergency response (2/4)  Provincial radiation and nuclear emergency response plan . 9/63 provinces.4 Nov 2014. there are 2 provinces of which the emergency response plans have been approved (Lang Son.2. Hue. 4050/CT-BKHCN on the enhancement of radiation safety and security management in which provinces are requested to develop and have their provincial emergency response plans approved by 1 June 2015 21 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . . Long An. Son la.5.Vung Tau. Ho Chi Minh City. Hai Phong. Binh duong). the Minister of Science and Technology has issued the Direction No.At present. cities have submitted their provincial emergency response plan to MOST for evaluation (Ba Ria. Dong Nai. Hanoi.

VARANS approves the emergency response plans of facilities before giving licenses for radiation works.5. 24/2012/TT-BKHCN . Radiation and nuclear emergency response (3/4)  Radiation and nuclear emergency response at facilties .2. development and approval of radiation and nuclear emergency response plan was issued to replace the Circular No.Circular No. 25/2014/TT-BKHCN regulating the preparation for radiation and nuclear emergency response. 22 Designed by Luu Nam Hai .

exercises and response to radiation and nuclear incidents .Sept 2014. VARANS cooperated with relevant agencies in searching the lost source in Ho Chi Minh City. Radiation and nuclear emergency response (4/4)  Training.VARANS has participated in the training course for official of DOSTs on radiation and nuclear preparedness and response organized by the management training institute on science and technology. Tay Ninh.2. .In 2014. Ha Tinh). 23 Designed by Luu Nam Hai .5. VARANS has cooperated with some provinces in organizing training courses to provide knowledege on emergency response (Quang Ngai. .

. verification and calibration (1/2)  Management of verification and calibration acctivities in the field of atomic energy . 24 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . The regularoty body has not performed the examination of important parameters of radiation equipment during regular inspection.VARANS has licensed the services supporting atomic energy applications on calibration of dosimeters for the Institute for Nuclear Science and Technology and the Nuclear Research Insitute (still missing alpha.2.6. Management of radiation measurement standards.The quality examination of radiation equipment in medicine is still conducted through contracts with foreign companies (LINAC accelerators). beta. . however. these calibrators have not yet been calibrated regularly. radiation dosimetry.There has been increasing demand on the utilization of open sources in nuclear medicine in diagnosis and treatment. neutron calibration system ). Most of nuclear medical facilities use calibrator to calibrate and measure the radioactivity before use.

19/2012/TT-BKHCN regulating the radiation safety assurance and control for public exposure and occupational exposure.08 Nov 2012. - In the whole country. center for application of science and Technology progress (Binh Duong) Hoang Nguyen Co.2. Ltd Percentage of radiation workers of organizatioins providing services of personal dose measurement in 2014 25 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . Management of radiation measurement standards. Ho Chi Minh City Nuclear Center. verification and calibration (2/2)  Management of personal dose measurement services . Minister of Science and Technology issued Circular No.. radiation dosimetry. there are 5 organizations licensed with services supporting for atomic energy applications: Institute for Science and Technology.6.

Environmental radiation management (1/4)  Operation of monitoring posts in the network managed by VINATOM .Task 4 “Monitoring and analysis of marine environmental radiation at the proposal NPP sites in Ninh thuan” 26 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . Ninh Thuan. Red River source water.7. Lang Son and Quang Ninh.Task 1 “assessment of radioactive contamination in the marine environment of Vietnam after the Fukushima accident for the period 1 (2013-2015)” .Task 2 “Monitoring and analysis of environmental radioactivity and stable isotopes in Hanoi. Ky Cung River” . Nam Thi River.Task 3 “environmental radiation monitoring at monitoring posts in Dalat. Lao Cai. Tien Giang “ .2. Ho Chi Minh City.

2l4Bi. the monitoring areas have been extended to Hai Phong port. radon. total radioactivity of alpha. Cam Ranh military base and two proposed NPP construction sites in Ninh Hai and Thuan Nam Districts (Ninh Thuan province). Ministry of Defence . beta. 40K. Environmental radiation management (2/4)  Operation of monitoring posts in the network managed by Chemistry Command. . gamma dose rate. . 27 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . Ho Chi Minh City. 214 Pb.Parameters to be monitored include: 7 radioisotopes 137Cs.The posts are responsible for environmental radiation monitoring in Hanoi. Da Nang. . 7Be. 228Ac.Since 2010.2.7. and Thai Nguyen.Monitoring targets: air (aerosol and dust deposition). soil and biological indicators (pine needles. 212Pb. casuarina leaves. water (surface and coastal water).

The monitoring of radioactive impact from the Fukushima accident on Vietnam's seas has been conducted to promptly give necessary warnings.The organizations assigned to host the national environmental radiation monitoring posts have performed their duties well.2.7. . Environmental radiation management (3/4)  General evaluation on the implementation of enviromental radiation monitoring (1/2) . . 28 Designed by Luu Nam Hai .Regulatory documents.The investment project have been developed and international sponsors are being found to implement the environmental radiation monitoring and warning network.Important environmental radioactivity indicators have been monitored to establish initial data in two sites of Ninh Thuan NPP. technical guides have been developed for the planning of national radiation monitoring and warning network . technical codes. .

especially equipped with automatic air monitoring to give instant warning to abnormal environmental radiation has not been implemented at sensitive locations. 1636/QD-TTg and the national environment and national resources monitoring network.7. 1636 / QD-TTg of the Prime Minister has not been approved 29 Designed by Luu Nam Hai .2. There have not been synthesis and comprehensive investigation on national environmental radiation to establish an original data base The investment project for national environmental radiation monitoring and warning network under the Decision No. Environmental radiation management (4/4)  - - - - General evaluation on the implementation of environmental radiation monitoring (2/2) The joint circular on environmental radiation management between MOST and MONRE to clarify responsibilities and coordination mechanism between the two ministries in the areas related to environmental radiation management has not been developed. A coordination mechanism has not been established between the national environmental radiation monitoring and warning network under the Decision No. The continuous gamma dose rate monitoring.

mainly NDT facilities in industry. Cai Mep. and of them have been equipped with modern security systems. Tan Son Nhat).In order to prevent the illicit trafficking and transport of radioactive sources across the border. there are 56 facilities. Security management for radioactive sources. . MOST has directed the amendment of the Circular No.According to the statistics in 2015.For security category B. there are 24 facilities in Vietnam with security category A radioactive sources.8. 23/2010/TT-BKHCN guiding the security assurance for radioactive sources and implement the security monitoring system for radioactive sources in 2015 in accordance with the amended circular No. VARANS is cooperating with relevant agencies of the Korean Government with support from the IAEA to carry out the Radiation Source Location Tracking System (RADLOT) to ensure the security for NDT sources. At present. nuclear materials and nuclear facilities (1/2)  Security of radioactive sources . To enhance the security for security category B radioactive sources.23 30 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . . Vietnam has installed radiation portal monitors at large boders (Noi Bai.2.

especially NPP .8. nuclear materials and nuclear facilities (2/2)  Security of nuclear materials and nuclear facilities .VARANS has cooperated with IAEA in organizing 2 workshops on threat assessment methodology to develop DBT for physical protection system of nuclear facilities.2. Security management for radioactive sources.In order to provide knowledge for officials of relevant ministries and agencies on physical protection of nuclear materials and nuclear facilities. 31 Designed by Luu Nam Hai .The Ministry of Public Security (MPS) has established a working group on DBT development led by the MPS with the participation of other relevant ministries . VARANS has cooperated with US DOE in organizing workshops on basic knowledge on physical protection system and introduction of IAEA‘s nuclear security document “Physicial protection of nuclear materials and nuclear facilities“.

Implementation of international treaties and conventions on nuclear safety.2. mainly the Safeguards Agreement and its Additional Protocol 32 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . security and nonproliferation .Implementing the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management .Implementing the Convention on Nuclear Safety (CNS) .Implementing international treaties on nuclear nonproliferation.9.

etc. 33 Designed by Luu Nam Hai .10.2. Management of radiation safety and professional training  Radiation safety training .VARANS is implementing radiation safety training in accordance with Circular No. 34/2014/TT-BKHCN • Professional training .VARANS is developing the circular guiding the registration for services supporting the atomic energy application on professional training even though there has been some organizations providing training on each areas such as operation of research reactor and accelerator. Futher details will be discussed in this conference to soon develop legal documents for the management of professional training.

Introduction 2. State management supporting conditions 4. State management activities 3. Conclusion and recommendations Designed by Luu Nam Hai .Content 1.

3. electric power and explosion safety review.The Nuclear Safety Division has established 5 professional groups with about 20 officials: system design and deterministic safety review. structure and site evaluation. Development of safety assessment capability (1/3)  Organization of relevant professional groups . mechanic components and material review. IC.1. 35 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . . risk assessment.VARANS has deployed external experts in the countries to support the preparation and organization of nuclear safety review and proposed MOST to establish 14 technical groups related to the contents to be reviewed in the SAR for the approval of the site and investment of the NPP.

IAEA. USA.Preliminery evaluate document submitted by investors which enhance the assessment capability and experience of VARANS staff. 36 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . . Development of safety assessment capability (2/3)  Training activities to enhance safety assessment capability . EC). .3. Norway.VARANS has been organizing short-term training courses and workshop lectured by foreign experts through bilateral and multilateral cooperation (Japan. addressing on NPP safety assessment.MOST approved a State task “assessment preparation and organization” to prepare and organize the assessment as well as train staff of 14 expertise groups on safety assessment.1.

there is a limited number of VARANS staff.There are difficulties in recruiting staff for safety assessment due to the limitation of best students enrolled in and graduated from nuclear power field. there is no budget for recruiting staff. unsystematic and under different organizations 37 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . .1.In comparision with IAEA recommendations on technical human resources for safety assessment. . Moreover.Vietnam doesn’t have special policies to attract oversea Vietnamese experts who work in this field in developed contries. Development of safety assessment capability (3/3)  Difficulties .3. seperate.The training courses are mainly short-term. .

.Equipment for inspection activities haven’t been supplied sufficiently. VARANS must inpect about 850 facilities per year (increased 10 times in comparison with present) with 170 inspection missions and about 80 staff involved in the inspections.2. .Profesional knowledge training and retraining on application of radiation and radioisotopes must be organized for inspectors. There is an urgent need for human resource for VARANS inspectorate. especially the tools for checking parameters of medical radiation equipment.3. Development of safety inspection capability(1/2)  Inspection at nuclear facilities .With more than 4000 nuclear facilities in Vietnam and requirement of frequency of inspection according to Circular 19/2010/TTBKHCN. moreover inspection skills are always concerned. .There is a lack of inspector. 38 Designed by Luu Nam Hai .

39 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . .2.To conduct inspection at nuclear facilities effectively. .VARANS conducts inspection at Da Lat research reactor every year.For NPP. data collection.3.20/2013/TT-BKHCN of MOST dated 06 Septemtber 2013. the recruitment and training for inspection staff are very crucial. site evaluation activities according to Circular No. Development of safety inspection capability (2/2)  Inspection at nuclear facilities . VARANS has initially performed the inspection for investigation.

including equipment supports for ermergency responses.VARANS has developed and submitted to MOST the ODA project from Japanese Government to support MOST in enhancing technical capability for regulatory body. . 40 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . Central emergency response center. Ninh Thuan emergency responses off-site Center and radioactive monitoring at VARANS site to support the evaluation of event and propose suitable response plan.Ministry of Defence (MOD) is preparing project to enhance capability and equipment for emergency response at MOD‘s organizations.MOST has been coordinating with People Committee at provinces and cities to deploy the national environmental radioation mornitoring and warning network. Development of emergency response capability  Developing technical capability for emergency responses .3.3. .

new books are also maintained regularly. the 2014 one is in going to be published soon) 41 Designed by Luu Nam Hai .4. Nuclear regulatory information (1/3)  Scientific information .Annually VARANS develops national reports on the state management in the field of radiation and nuclear safety (2012 and 2013 reports were already published.3. updating workshop and training course documents.VARANS has establish a pilot digital library to make it convenient for looking up information. VARANS’s library ensures the exploitation of information and documents to its staff and external individuals who need information on the radiation and nuclear safety and atomic energy. .

4. . There has been over 7 million pageviews as of 31/3/2015.Developing and publishing Nuclear Regulatory Magazine (Number 1 and 2 in 2013. Annual Conference for radiation safety officers.Actively participating in the nuclear power dissemination project up to 2020 (Project 370) and organizing the study to support the communication and information. from 2014 to be published quarterly) . 42 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . and other related dissemination workshops.Disseminating regulatory documents in radiation and nuclear safety .3. .Frequently updating information on VARANS‘ website.Organizing Nuclear Regulatory Conference. Nuclear regulatory information (2/3)  Information and Communication .

Researching and upgrading VARANS website into e-portal to disseminate knowledge and information on radiation and nuclear safety in particular and nuclear field in general.4. 43 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . Web_Server. to upgrade RAISVN .Maintaining good information technology infrastructure for the operation of the Mail_Server. Nuclear regulatory information (3/3)  Information technology infrastructure . RAISVN.3. exchanging online information internationally and other application softwares to meet VARANS management requirements as well as nuclear material audit activities.

etc. long-term (6 months to 2 years) and receives more than 10 expert teams for training more than 200 VARANS staffs and related units. France. UK. in the training and capacity building for the VARANS staff .3. South Korea. International cooperation in nuclear regulatory Multilateral cooperation IAEA European Committy (EC) Bilateral cooperation Actively cooperating with partners such as Russia.5.In 2014. Japan.   - 44 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . Germany. VARANS have sent about 100 employees to attend training courses abroad. USA. including short-term training courses. through bilateral cooperation channels.

State management activities 3.Content 1. Introduction 2. Conclusion and recommendations Designed by Luu Nam Hai . State management supporting conditions 4.

no backlog records. VARANS and Departments of science and technology try to implement inspection activities in terms of manpower. technical means and possibilities of funding.4. particularly for the radiation applications and deploy nuclear power project at site approval and investment projects.Vung Tau (2015) 46 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . The biggest consequences in management of radiation safety in recent two years were the radioactive source losing at APAVE in Ho Chi Minh City (2014) and POMINA steel plant in Ba Ria . Conclusion and recommendations - - - - (1/2) State management of radiation and nuclear safety in the past 2 years has recorded significant progresses in developing and improving the legal document system for State management activities. Capacity building of state authorities on radiation and nuclear safety has been enhanced through international cooperation channels which effectively contribute to serve the nuclear power project in our country. Licensing activities in the nuclear field have been complying with the provisions of the law.

Enhancing licensing evaluation Full attention to safety and security of radioactive sources basing on practical experiences and the recent lessons about safety and security of radioactive sources in the world and in our country. Conclusion and recommendations (2/2) To enhance state management activities in radiation and nuclear safety and to overcome the limitation.4. update. Checking legal documents for safety and security management of radioactive resources. increase violation sanctions to deterrence facilities who don’t manage or don’t manage well. Enhancing legal framework Continuously developing regulatory legal documents. complete the shortcomings. 47 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . especially amendment of Atomic energy law and legal documents for implementing other phases of NPP project in accordance with Ninh Thuan NPP roadmap. 2. VARANS proposes following solutions: 1.

Cooperate between VARANS and the Departments of Science and Technology in formulating annual inspection plan to comply with the Circular No. dissemination. Organizing the information dissemination and training courses to ensure the safety and security of radioactive sources Annually enhancing information and communication. 19/2010 / TT-BKHCN 4. Conclusion and recommendations (2/2) 3. who have nuclear instrumentation using radioactive sources to reorganize the work and to ensure the safety and security of radioactive sources.4. training courses for leaders and staff who are responsible for radiation safety at the radiation facilities about radiation protection to improve knowledge. Strengthening the violations inspection and handling Organize inspection in 2016 all industrial radiography units and factories. enhance nuclear safety and security culture to avoid the repetition of recent violations 48 Designed by Luu Nam Hai .

installation of surveillance equipment and security of radioactive sources for industrial radiography equipment (NDT) and request that radioactive source transportation facility must be equipped with monitoring devices and security for the vehicles. 49 Designed by Luu Nam Hai . Applying technical solutions to support the management Continue cooperation with the US in implementing the project of security monitoring of radioactive sources type 1 and 2.4. which are is used at facilities. Require steel waste owners and facilities who use steel waste must install equipment to control radioactive sources. Conclusion and recommendations (2/2) 5.

Conclusion and recommendations (2/2) 6. regularly organize training courses to improve professional knowledge and skills for staffs who are responsible for managing radiation and nuclear safety. Enhancing state management in radiation and nuclear safety at central and locality Strengthening human resources and facilities for state management in radiation and nuclear safety for VARANS and DOSTs.4. develop national environmental radioactive mornitoring and warning network. approve and organize radiation and nuclear emergency reponse plan at provincial and national level. 50 Designed by Luu Nam Hai .

Thank you very much! 51 .