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The Heros First Teacher

Doa Teodora was Joses first

non-formal teacher
On her lap, Jose learned
prayers and the alphabet at the
age of three

Private Tutors of Rizal

Maestro Celestino was Joses

first private tutor
Maestro Lucas Padua was the
second private tutor
Maestro Leon Monroy became
the heros tutor in Spanish and
Latin. He was a classmate of
Don Francisco.

The Uncles of Rizal

Uncle Jose Alberto

gave wise
direction in the
studies of Jose
Uncle Gregorio
instilled into the
mind of Jose the
love for education

Jose Alberto

The Uncles of Rizal

Work hard and perform every
task very carefully; learn to be
swift as well as thorough; be
independent in thinking; and
make visual pictures of
Uncle Gregorio

The Uncles of Rizal

Uncle Manuel Alberto seeing

Jose was frail in nature,
concerned himself with the
physical development of his
He also taught Jose the love for
open air and admiration for the
beauty of nature

Jose Goes to Bian

Don Leon died five months later

and Jose was sent to a private
school in Bian.
June 1869 Jose goes to Bian
with Paciano
Carromata the mode of
Aunts house where Jose

First Day in School

Maestro Justiniano Aquino Cruz

formal teacher
Rizal described Maestro
Justiniano as tall, thin, longnecked, sharp-nosed, with a
body slightly bent forward
The school was in Maestro
Justinianos house

First School Brawl

Pedro (the teachers son)

Andres Salandanan arm

Painting Lessons in Bian

Old Juancho freely gave Jose

painting lessons
Jose Rizal and his classmate
Jose Guevarra became
apprentices of Old Juancho

Daily Life in Bian

Joses daily routine:
Hears mass at 4 a.m. or studies
lesson before going to mass
Goes to orchard to look for
mabolo to eat
Goes to class at 10 a.m.
Lunch break

Daily Life in Bian

Goes back to school at 2 p.m.

Goes home at 5 p.m.
Prays with cousins
Studies lessons, then draws a
Has supper
Prays again

Daily Life in Bian

Plays in the street if moon is


Best Student in School

Jose surpassed his classmates

in Spanish, Latin and other
His older classmates were
jealous and squealed to the
teacher whenever he had fights
Jose usually received five or six
blows while laid out on a bench



End of Bian Schooling

December 17, 1870 Jose left

Talim the steamer that Jose
Arturo Camps a Frenchman
and a friend of Don Francisco,
he took care of Jose during the

Martyrdom of GOMBURZA

January 20, 1872 Cavite

February 17, 1872 Fathers
Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos
and Jacinto Zamora were
implicated and executed
The GOMBURZA were leaders
of the secularization movement


Martyrdom of GOMBURZA

The martyrdom of the three

priests inspired Rizal to fight the
evils of Spanish tyranny
In 1891, Rizal dedicated his
second novel El Filibusterismo

Injustice to the Heros Mother

In 1872, Doa Teodora was

arrested on a malicious charge
that she aided his brother Jose
Alberto in trying to poison his
Jose Alberto planned to divorce
his wife because of her infidelity

Injustice to the Heros Mother

Jose Albertos wife connived

with the Spanish lieutenant of
the Guardia Civil and filed a
case against Rizals mother
Antonio Vivencio del Rosario
gobernadorcillo of Calamba,
helped the lieutenant arrest
Doa Teodora

Injustice to the Heros Mother

50 kilometers Doa Teodora

was made to walk from
Calamba to the provincial prison
in Santa Cruz

Injustice to the Heros Mother

Don Francisco de Marcaida &

Don Manuel Mazano most
famous lawyers of Manila,
defended Doa Teodora in court
After 2 years the Royal
Audiencia acquitted Doa

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