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Fx 991-es plus technique

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- Mathematics GE REVIEW Session 2
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Lecture 1

Broddett B. Abatayo, GE

Lecturer

Grading System

Major Exams--------50%

Quizzes--------------20%

Assignments--------10%

Participation---------10%

Attendance----------10%

100%

Passing rate------------60%

Conversion

1 tally = 10 pins

Metric System:

1 pin = 1 tapelength

English System

1 pin = 100 links

1 link = 1 ft

1 perch = 1 rod= 16.5 ft

1 vara = 33 inches

Pace Factor

Pace Length of a step

in walking; maybe

measured from toe to toe,

or heel to heel

Stride Equivalent to two

paces or a double step

Pace Factor = _distance_

ave. # of paces

Prob 1

1. A line was measured to have

5 tallies, 6 pins, and 63.5

links. How long is the line in

feet?

2. A line was measured with a

50 m tape. There were 5

tallies, 8 pins, and the

distance from the last pin to

the end line was 2.25 m. Find

the length of the line in

meters.

3. A distance was measured

and was recorded to have a

value equivalent to 8

perches, 6 rods, and 45

varas. Compute the total

distance in meters.

Ans. 1.) 5,663.5 ft

2.) 2,902.25 m

3.) 108.12 m

Prob 2

A line 100 m long was paced by

a surveyor for four times with

the following data: 142, 145,

145.5 and 146. Another line

was paced four times again

with the following results: 893,

893.5, 891, and 895.5.

1. Determine the pace factor

2. Determine the average number

of paces for the new line

3. Determine the distance of the

new line

2.) 893.25 paces

3.) 617.236 m

Error the difference between the true

and measured value of a quantity.

Mistakes inaccuracies in measurements

which occur because some aspect of

surveying works were done with

carelessness, poor judgment, improper

execution

Statistical Formulas

A. Probable Error of Single

Observations, E

V 2

E 0.6745

n 1

B. Probable Error of the Mean,

Em

V 2

Em 0.6745

n(n 1)

V 2

S .D.

n 1

V 2

S .E.

n(n 1)

E. Precision

Em

__

Where;

V=xx

x = observed/measured value of a

quantity

x = mean value

n = number of measurements

difference in elevation between A

and B.

Trial No.

Diff. in Elevation

520.14

520.20

520.18

520.24

difference in elevation?

2.The standard deviation?

3. The probable error of the mean?

4. The standard error?

5. And the precision?

Ans. 1.) 520.19

2.) 0.04

3.) 0.014

4.) 0.02

5.) 1/37,048

1.) Press ON MODE 3 1

3 Stat mode

1 Single variable x

Input 520.14 = 520.20 = 520.18 =

520.24 =

Press AC SHIFT 1 4 2 =

Ans. X = 520.19

2.) Press SHIFT 1 4 4 =

Ans. sx = 0.04163331999

3.) Press 0.6745 SHIFT 1 4 4

SHIFT 1 4 1 ) =

Ans. 0.6745sx(n) = 0.01404083717

4.) Press SHIFT144 SHIFT 141) =

Ans. sx(n) = 0.02081665999

5.) Press 0.6745 SHIFT 1 4 4

SHIFT 1 4 1 ) SHIFT 1 4 2 =

Ans. 0.6745sx(n)x= 2.6991x10^-5

Press X=

Ans = 37048 (denominator)

Measurements

Prob 4

difference in elevation between A

and B.

proportional to the number of

observations or

measurements.

The weight is inversely

proportional to the square of

the probable errors.

The weight is inversely

proportional to the distance.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Trial No.

Diff. in

Elevation

No. of

Measurements

520.14

520.20

520.18

520.24

difference in elevation?

The standard deviation?

The probable error of the mean?

The standard error?

And the precision?

2.) 0.03

3.) 0.005

4.) 0.0076

5.) 1/101,375

1.) Press ON

Press MODE 3 1

3 Statistic mode

1 Single variable x

To change set up:

Press SHIFT MODE DOWN 4 1

4 Stat mode set up

1 Frequency(weight) turn on

Input 520.14 = 520.20 = 520.18 =

520.24 = RIGHT DOWN

1= 3= 6= 8=

Press AC

Press SHIFT 1 4 2 =

Ans. X = 520.2077778

2.) Press SHIFT 1 4 4 =

Ans. sx = 0.03227739248

3.) Press 0.6745 SHIFT 1 4 4

SHIFT 1 4 1 ) =

Ans. 0.6745sx(n) = 0.005131497

4.) Press SHIFT144 SHIFT 141) =

Ans. sx(n) = 0.007607854

5.) Press 0.6745 SHIFT 1 4 4

SHIFT 1 4 1 ) SHIFT 1 4 2 =

Ans. 0.6745sx(n)x= 9.8643x10^-6

Press X=

Ans = 101375.427 (denominator)

QUIZ 1

cross wise

1.) Lines of levels between B and C

are run over four different routes.

B is at elevation 825m, and is

higher than C.

distance AB, the following trials were

recorded.

Trial

No.

Distance (m)

120.68

120.84

Route

No.

Distance

(km)

Diff. in

Elevation(m)

0.86

120.76

0.69

120.64

0.75

1.02

difference in elevation.

b. Most probable elevation of C.

Ans. a.) 0.826m

b.) 824.174m

b.Probable Error of the Mean ?

c.Standard Deviation?

d.Standard Error?

e.Precision?

Ans. a.) 120.73m

b.) 0.0299m

c.) 0.0877m

d.) 0.0443m

e.) 1/4036

QUIZ 1 solution(BESAVILLA)

Route

Dist. (km)

Route

Dist.

Weights

0.86

4(0.86) = 3.44

0.69

4/3

4/3(0.69) = 0.92

0.75

2(0.75) = 1.5

1.02

1(1.02) = 1.02

W = k/d

Wd = k

W1d1=k W2d2 = k W3d3 = k W4d4 = k

W1d1 = W2d2 = W3d3 = W4d4

W1d1= W4d4

W1(2)= W4(8)

Let W4 = 1

W1(2)= (1)(8)

W1 = 4

W2d2 = W4d4

W2(6) = (1)(8)

W2 = 4/3

W3d3 = W4d4

W3(4) = (1)(8)

W3 = 2

8.33

6.88

6.88 / 8.33 = 0.8256m.

825 - 0.8256 = 824.174m.

QUIZ 1 solution

ON MODE 3 1 (stat mode)

SHIFT MODE DOWN 4 1 (freq on)

X

FREQ

0.86

0.69

0.75

1.02

in elevation or x:

AC SHIFT 1 4 2

To find the most probable elevation

of C:

185 - x

distance AB, the following trials were

recorded.

Trial

Dist. (m)

Probable Error

120.68

0.002

120.84

0.030

120.76

0.100

120.64

0.050

Determine the :

a. Most Probable Distance?

b. Probable Error of the Mean ?

c. Standard Deviation?

d. Standard Error?

e. Precision?

Ans. a.120.68m

b. 0.0000146m

c. 0.0108481m

d. 0.0000216m

e. 1/8273064m

Solution:

ON MODE 3 1 (stat mode)

SHIFT MODE DOWN 4 1 (freq on)

X

FREQ

120.68

1/(0.002)

120.84

1/(0.030)

120.76

1/(0.100)

120.64

1/(0.050)

a. AC SHIFT 1 4 2 =

b.0.6745 SHIFT 1 4 4 SHIFT 1 4 1 )=

c. SHIFT 1 4 4 =

d. SHIFT 1 4 4 SHIFT 1 4 1) =

e. 0.6745 SHIFT 1 4 4 SHIFT 1 4 1

) SHIFT 1 4 2 =

triangle traverse were measured with

the same precision:

Angle

Value

(degrees)

No. of

measurements

41

77

63

181

Determine the most prob. value of :

a. angle A.

b. angle B.

c. angle C.

Solution:

41 SHIFT RCL A

77 SHIFT RCL B

63 SHIFT RCL C

To determine the error:

180-(A+B+C)=

SHIFT RCL X

5 + 6 + 2 =

ans. 13/15

SHIFT RCL Y

The corrected angle A is

A + (5)X/Y =

ans. 40469.23"

The corrected angle B is

B + (6)X/Y =

ans. 764827.69"

The corrected angle A is

C + (2)X/Y =

ans. 622523.08"

ans. -1

40469.23+ 764827.69+

622523.08=180

of the angles about a given point.

5 + 6 + 2 =

Ans. 13/15

Y

Angle

Value

(degrees)

No. of

measurements

1301503"

1423721"

870718"

a. angle A.

b. angle B.

c. angle C.

Solution:

1301503" A

1423721 B

870718" C

360-(A+B+C)=

Ans. 18" X

A + (5)X/Y =

ans. 130157.15"

The corrected angle B is

B + (6)X/Y =

ans. 1423724.46"

The corrected angle A is

C + (2)X/Y =

ans. 870728.38"

QUIZ 2

sheet

(50 pts) The following measured interior

angles of a five sided figure, compute the

following:

Station

Angles

# of measure

110

98

108

120

105

a. 1094800

c.1094000"

b. 1095341.05 d. 1095633.33

2. Probable value of angle B?

a. 974800

c. 975031.58"

b. 974640

d. 975233.33"

a. 1075000

c. 1074233.33"

b. 1074800

d. 1074722.11

4. Probable value of angle D?

a. 1195320

c. 1194800"

b. 119413.16 d. 1194333.33

5. Probable value of angle D?

a. 1044800

c. 1044722.11"

b. 1045000

d. 1044446.68

Ans. 1. C

2. B

3. A

4. A

5. B

QUIZ 2 solution

110 A

98 B

108 C

120 D

105 E

Station

Angles

# of measure

110

98

108

120

105

540-(A+B+C+D+E)=-1 X

To determine the total weight:

2+3 +4 +6 +4 =3/2 Y

A + 2X/Y = 1094000"

B + 3X/Y = 974640

C + 4X/Y = 1075000

D + 6X/Y = 1195320

E + 4X/Y = 1045000

tape, and with a steel tape as follows:

571.185

571.193

571.186

571.190

571.179

571.185

571.180

571.189

571.183

571.182

2. What is the MPV in set II.

3. What is the S.E. in set II.

4. What is the most probable value

of the two sets.

5. And what is the P.E. of the

general mean.

X

571.185

571.193

571.186

571.190

571.179

571.185

571.180

571.189

571.183

571.182

Press AC

1.SHIFT 1 4 7 =

Ans. sy=0.004324...

2. SHIFT 1 4 5 =

Ans. y = 571.1878

3. SHIFT 1 4 7 SHIFT 1 4 1) =

Ans. sy(n) = 0.001933

4. (x + y)2 = 571.1852

5.

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