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Process capability

Premiered by EDOUARD GATETE of


The Pennsylvania State University.

Overview
Definition
Measurements of process capability
control
How can Process Capability be used in an
organization

Overview
A real world example
Exercise
Summary

Definition

Process capability is defined as a how


likely a product is going to meet the design
specification.
It has been argued whether the specifications are
actually set by customers or design engineers.

Measurements of process
capability

Most of the times, conventional process


capability work quite well, but we have to
keep in minds that they will be times when
the usual formulas dont work.
An index that measure potential process capability
is used in unusual situation.

Measurements of Process
Capability

The formula C sub P is the tolerance


divided by six standard deviations (also
known as sigma)
C sub P = tolerance/6-sigma
Reveals how many six-sigma fits within a specified
tolerance
In order for a product to meet specifications, at least
99.773% of productions should confirm anticipated
operation condition.

Measurement of process
capability
Population : a collection of all observation
of interest to a decision maker.
Sample: a portion of population
population distribution: a distributions of
the entire population
sampling distribution: distributions of
sample means.

How to use process capability in


an organization

The control chart


bell-shaped curve: as long as all inputs to a
process remain constant, the output will
always vary

The difference between Stable


and capability
A process is capable if a given product
meets specifications.
A process is stable if there is a common
variation present in the process

The disadvantage of using


process capability
Over-correcting: the most common
reducing variation

Factors influencing the


tolerance allocation
Statistical aspects of the dimensions and
manufacturing processes involved
Assembly requirements and conditions
the cost-tolerance relationship
International Standards Organization's
practices for fits.

A real world example

Taking an example of a car manufacture


company. The process capability will be
used if out of 1000000 cars produced, only
3.4 cars come out defective

Exercise

A certain manufacturing process is


producing metal washers that have
diameters that are known to be normally
distributed with mean 1 inch and standard
deviation .006 inch. The process is known to
be stable and in control. The specifications
for these washers are 1 inch +/- .01. What
percentage are within specification limits?

Summary

We have just reviewed process capability.


This process is used in production to
determine whether a product meets
specification on a consistent basis. Even
though they are a lot of complex ways to to
figured out process capability, its more
important to understand the basics before
we can get in more details.

summary

This presentation has definitely focused on


the basics of process capability. It is very
important to minimize defects in
production if you want to optimize the
profit.

summary

A bibliography used to come up with these


slides is as follow;

Hart, M. Quality Tools for Decreasing


Variation and Defining Process Capability.
V33 n2. Second Quarter 1992, p.6-11.

summary
Raouf, A. On developing optimal process
capability index. International Journal of
Quality & Reliability Management. V9 n7.
1992. P. 17-22
Bothe, D. R. Measure process capability
when Cp wont work. Quality. V34 n8. Aug
1995. P. 20-22

Summary

Foster, T. S. An integrative approach.


Managing Quality 2001. P. 374-376.