You are on page 1of 45

HAND TOOLS

Teknik Kendaraan Ringan


Semester 1st Class X
Dasar Kompetensi Kejuruan
SK-KD 5

DIAGRAM ALUR PENCAPAIAN


KOMPETENSI

Tool Material
high strength alloy
steel, should be
light and easy to
use in tight
quarters, slim and
properly designed
for your hand.

Quality Tools are


heated treated.
Machine to a close
tolerance.
A 3/4 opening is a
3/4.
Tools are polished
Good lifetime
guarantee.

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Tips to Remember

KEEP YOUR TOOLS CLEAN


Separate cutting tools
Lightly oil any tool that might rust
Delicate measuring tools- keep in protective
containers, such as micrometers etc.
Mark your tools with Drivers license. Put
Name & license Number on all tools

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Screw drivers

Flat blade - conventional - blade should fit


slot snug and be the same width

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Screw drivers

Phillips

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Screw drivers
Pozidrive

Reed and Prince

clutch

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Screw drivers
Allen or Hex tip

Scurlox or Square Drive

Torx

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Screw drivers
Hand Impact Drivers
Used to
remove
stubborn
screws
insert right
size bit turn in
direction you
want to go and
strike with a
hammer.
Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Screw drivers
Offset

Screwdrivers are
classed in size of shank
such as 3/16, 1/4,
5/16, and length of
shank such as 2", 4", 6".
Some manufactures
take length of shank and
handle. Normally just
the shank is measured.
Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Pliers

Combination slip joint pliers

Diagonal side cutters


Adjustable Joint

Needle nose

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Pliers
Locking Pliers or Vise grips
Combination pliers

Wire Strippers and Crimpers

Snap ring - internal external


Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Punches & Chisels

Center punch - use before drilling or to mark metal

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Punches & Chisels

Aligning punch
sometimes called a
Long Taper or Line
up

Drift or Pin punch


same size shaft

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Chisels
Flat Cold chisel: most common, safety
glasses should be worn,
make sure cutting edge is sharp.
Striking surface or top of chisel should
not be mushroomed, it should be
smooth with a slight taper.

Mushroomed chisels

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Hammer
Tips on Hammer use
1. Strike face of hammer head squarely
2. Make sure head is secure on hammer handle
(Hammer Head is wedged on in both
directions)
3. Never swing hammer in the direction that
someone is standing
4. Keep handle clean and dry, is handle cracked
or broken.
5. Use the proper size hammer for the job.

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Hammer
Ball Peen - most common General purpose head may weigh

Claw Hammer - this is Auto shop not Wood shop

Dead blow - shot filled,

plastic coating

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Who
Rubber Mallet
Plastic Tipped - with
replaceable tips

Brass Hammer

Plastic Tipped

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Wrenches
Wrenches are a way to remove and replace bolts etc
but they are slow use as a last resort you should use
air tools or ratchets if at all possible
(Remember, pull with a wrench you have better
control, if you do push, push with palm open.)

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Wrenches
open end
size is determined by width of opening, end is usually
offset 15 degrees, each end is a different size

Box end Wrench


End is totally enclosed in 6 or 12 point openings. Can be double
offset or box offset 15 degrees for clearance for hand.

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Wrenches
Combination Wrench
One end open, one end boxed
both the same size can be
different lengths

Boxed ends can


be either 6 or 12
point.

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Wrenches
Adjustable open end Wrench

Not a replacement for all other


wrenches, discuss proper use,
tends to slip. Adjust jaws
firmly. Try to always use the
correct size wrench. Should
only put pressure on the fixed
jaw.
Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Wrenches
Sockets
Sockets come in many sizes with different openings.
6 pt. & 12 pt. Are the most common
8 pt or double square are used on square nuts.
Square (4 sided) sockets are also used in special
applications

6 point

8 point

12 point
Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Wrenches
Drive size common to
Automotive are 1/4, 3/8, 1/2,
3/4 - square hole

Shallow or Regular
size chrome and
Impact

deep sockets
chrome and
Impact

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Wrenches
Socket handles

ratchet - short and long

Swivel Ratchet
Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Wrenches
Socket handles
speed handle - and swivel speed handle

flex handle or breaker bar long and short

sliding T bar

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Torque wrenches

Split beam torque wrench

beam

Dial type sometimes referred to as a Micrometer type


Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Torque wrenches
Come in inch lbs and foot lbs
Always look up tightening sequence
Always look up the amount of Torque
If large number divide the torque into smaller
amounts and torque in steps.
Pull with a steady pull, do not jerk
Make sure threads are clean
Remember that it takes more force to start a
fastener then to keep it turning.

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Hack saws

Used to cut metal


Blade length 8, 10, 12,
Semi-flexible blades, High speed
blades.

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Hack saws Blades

Teeth per inch


(T.P.I.)
Teeth on hack saw go
forward
Learn how to properly
hold the hacksaw

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Files
Single cut - rows of teeth run
in one direction
Double cut - teeth run at an
angle to each other

Shapes of files

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Gasket Scrapers/Cleanup tools


putty knifes

Gasket scrapers
razor blades
(not shown)

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Pick up tools

Heavy duty
Telescoping
Magnetic
Pick up tool

Telescoping
Magnet

Flexible Fingers
Pick up tool

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

snips
Tin snips / Straight Tinner Snips

Offset model aviation snips


Left cut model - for cutting straight and
tight left curves
Right cut model - for cutting straight and
tight right curves
Straight cut model - for cutting straight
and mild curves both left and right

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Drills
Twist Drills

Safety Hints

1.
2.

3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Firm grip on the drill


Unplug drill before removing or installing
drill bit
Don't wear loose clothing
Secure the work firmly
Wear safety glasses
Make sure drill is properly grounded
Do not stand on wet surface when using
power tools

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Tap & Dies


Taps are used to cut internal threads

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Tap & Dies


Dies
Dies are used to cut external threads
on stock or bolts

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Tap & Dies


Tap wrench

Die Stock
Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Solder Guns

If solder gun does not work do these


three things
1. Tighten the nuts, the screw or allen
set screw on the soldering tip. (do not
over tighten as it gets hot then cold it
will expand then contract these will
always come lose)
2. Clean and sand the tip of the solder
gun
3. Tin the tip of the solder gun
Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Pullers
Two
jaw

Steering wheel
Harmonic balance puller

Slide Hammer Puller

Three
jaw

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Special Tools

ring compressors
Use for install piston into
cylinder

ring expanders
Use for Install and
remove Piston ring
Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Special Tools
valve spring compressors
Use for Install or remove
valve unit to Cylinder
Head

Brake Spoon
Use for adjust brake
clearance
Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Special Tools
Grease Gun

Test Light
Use to test for power

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

BIBLIOGRAPHY:
PHS Automotive Sales

Teknologi dan Rekayasa

Thanks very much

Presented by Aloysius Sudibyo


SMK Negeri 1 Magelang