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Resistors

Function and Colour code

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Lesson Objectives
At the end of this Lesson You will be Able to:
Identify the function of resistors and identify ohmic values of
resistors by use of the applicable colour code

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Resistors
Resistor is a common electrical component
Resistance is measured in ohms symbol
USES

limit current
drop voltage
attenuate signals
act as heaters
act as fuses
divide voltages.

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Resistor Properties
Resistance is Determined partially by Composition,
and is inversely proportional to Cross Sectional Area

Notice Also that Resistance is proportional to Length

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Fixed resistor

Rough size

From the top of the photograph


1/8W
1/4W
1/2W

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Rating power
(W)

Thickness
(mm)

Length
(mm)

1/8

1/4

1/2

Color Code
Fixed Resistor determine value using colour coding

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Color code

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Fixed Resistor

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Values of Resistors
Example 1
(Brown=1),(Black=0),(Orange=3)
10 x 103 = 10k ohm
Tolerance(Gold) = 5%
Example 2
(Yellow=4),(Violet=7),(Black=0),(Red=2)
470 x 102 = 47k ohm
Tolerance(Brown) = 1%

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Types of Resistors

Fixed

Wirewound

Potentiometer

Wirewound tied
as a Rheostat
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Potentiometer

Wirewound tied as a
Voltage Divider

Variable Resistors

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Variable Resistors

Wirewound tied as
a Rheostat

It is used to vary electrical resistance without interrupting


the current (for example, when dimming lights).
The circular type can be used the volume control of an
amplifier(is also known as a potentiometer).

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Variable Resistors

Wirewound tied as a Voltage Divider

The two resistor voltage divider used to supply a voltage different


from that of an available battery or power supply
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Resistor
Wirewound Resistors
The upper one is 10W and is the length of 45 mm, 13
mm thickness.
The lower one is 50W and is the length of 75 mm, 29
mm thickness.
The upper one is has metal fittings attached. These
devices are insulated with a ceramic coating.

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Resistor
Printed Circuit Board (PCB)

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Resistor
Printed Circuit Board

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Resistors
Thermistors
A thermistor is a type of resistor used to
measure temperature changes, relying on
the change in its resistance with changing
temperature. Thermistor is a combination
of the words thermal and resistor.

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Resistors
Thermistors can be classified into two types depending on
the sign of k.
If k is positive, the resistance increases with increasing
temperature
The device is called a positive temperature coefficient (PTC)
thermistor.
If k is negative, the resistance decreases with increasing
temperature, and the device is called a negative temperature
coefficient (NTC) thermistor.

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Resistors
NTC thermistors are made from a pressed disc or cast chip
of a semiconductor such as a sintered metal oxide.
Used as resistance thermometers
PTC thermistors are of the "switching" type, which means
that their resistance rises suddenly at a certain critical
temperature. The devices are made of a doped
polycrystalline
PTC thermistors can be used as current-limiting devices for
circuit protection, as replacements for fuses.

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Lesson Objectives
You should now be Able to:
Identify ohmic() value of resistors using colour code
Various uses of resistors

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