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A Study on

advantages & drawbacks

Advantages

Security
Better performance
Reduce network traffic
Usability
Encapsulation
Maintainability

1.Security
You can set up access controls on the
stored procedure and that can allow one
user to access the stored procedure,
instead of directly to the tables affected.
You could the precisely identify what they
should and should not be able to do with
the data. By passing your inserts through
a stored procedure, rather than directly to
an INSERT statement, you can catch SQL
Injection attacks

Security

Improved perfomance.
They are parsed and optimized when
they are first executed, the optimizer
engine can compute an execution plan
and and a compiled version of the stored
procedure remains in memory cache for
later use. This means the stored
procedure does not need to be reparsed
and reoptimized with each use resulting
in much faster execution times.

Using a stored procedure to


optimize a complex self-join

Non parameterised SQL statements

Can reduce network traffic


An operation requiring hundreds of
lines of Transact-SQL code can be
performed through a single statement
that executes the code in a procedure,
rather than by sending hundreds of
lines of code over the network

Usability
A Procedure that is stored in the
database and called by several different
database applications
Database queries can be written once
and re-used multiple times without
writing the same SQL commands over
and over again

Business Logic
Encapsulation
The database can house a lot of
business logic so that the brain of your
application is kept neatly in one
place.

Maintainability
Once it is validated, a stored procedure
can be used with confidence in any
number of applications. If its definition
changes, only the procedure is affected,
not the applications that call it. This
simplifies maintenance and enhancement.
Also, maintaining a procedure on the
server is easier than maintaining copies
on various client machines.

Drawbacks
Can make debugging more complex
Good debugging tools is one of the sad
failings of all SQL platforms.

Drawbacks
Portability
Complex Stored Procedures that utilize
complex, core functionality of the RDBMS
used for their creation will not always port
to upgraded versions of the same database.
This is especially true if moving from one
database type (Oracle) to another (MS SQL
Server) or (MySQL) database system.

Drawbacks
Structure change will impact significantly
If there has been significant change (eg:- new
field or indexe) to the tables or data
referenced by the procedure, the
precompiled plan may actually cause the
procedure to perform slower. In this case,
recompiling the procedure and forcing a new
execution plan can improve performance.

Drawbacks
Poor perfomance in arithmatic calculations
Finding prime numbers in various languages

Thank You