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SODIUM

LAMPS

TEAM

DIVYA KHANDELWAL

Sodium Lamps • First produced commercially by Philips in Holland (1932)  WORKING • gas-discharge lamp that uses sodium in an excited state to produce light . •Operated usually with a ballast device. sometimes ignition system required •Flicker free operation with electronic ballast device  LOW COLOR RENDERING Two typesHigh pressure sodium lamps Low pressure sodium lamps .

and argon gas ( to start the gas discharge)  The discharge tube may be linear or U-shaped. the colors of illuminated objects are not easily distinguished .   monochromatic light  As a result. a small amount of neon.LOW-PRESSURE SODIUM LAMP   borosilicate glass gas discharge tube (arc tube) –contains solid sodium.  When the lamp is turned on it emits a dim red/pink light to warm the sodium metal and within a few minutes it turns into the common bright yellow as the sodium metal vaporizes.

LOW-PRESSURE SODIUM LAMP  Advantages: .Lumen output does not drop with age (such as in LEDs or incandescents)  Disadvantages: .Despite a warm up time of 5-10 minutes it restarts immediately if there is a brownout .Sodium is a hazardous material which can combust when exposed to air (such as if the bulb is broken in the trash) Statistics: CRI -44 Color Temperature: 1800 100-190 lumens per watt Bulb life: 18.000 hrs .Worst color rendering of any lamp .Very efficient lamp .Powerful lamp for use of large areas .

LOW-PRESSURE SODIUM LAMP   Wavelength of Output light near the peak sensitivity of the human eye. As a result they are widely used for outdoor lighting such as Street lights  .

This leads them to be used in areas where improved color rendering is important or desired Statistics: CRI 20-30 80-140 lumens per watt Bulb Life: 24. more colors can be distinguished compared to a low-pressure sodium lamp.HIGH SODIUM PRESSURE LAMP  It uses mercury in addition to the neon and argon gases  Smaller in size as compared to LPS lamps The sodium D-line is the main source of light and it is extremely pressure broadened by the high sodium pressures in the lamp.   On account of this broadening and the emissions from mercury.000 .

000 . Statistics: CRI 20-30 80-140 lumens per watt Bulb Life: 24. the HPS fits into many fixture types -Better bulb life than LPS lamps  Disadvantages: -Still has a bad color rendering compared to metal halide and halogen lamps -Requires a lossy ballast (inefficient) that operates a low arc voltage of 52-100V. This reduces the actual efficiency of the lamp when you count the whole system together.HIGH SODIUM PRESSURE LAMP  Advantages: -Good efficiency (lumens per watt) -Smaller size than LPS or fluorescent.

Use Exterior façade lighting Entrance of buildings .

Uses    In INDUSTRIES In Horticulture Street lamps .

wikipedia.edisontechcenter.org/SodiumLamps.org/wiki/Sodium-vapor_lamp  GOOGLE IMAGES  HANDBOOK – TYPICAL LIGHTING SITUATIONS .html http://en. LED & CIRCUITS)  WEBPAGES http://www.References  ARCHITECT’S DATA.NEUFERT  HANDBOOK – THORN (LAMPS.