The Universe/ Astronomy and Aerospace

The Universe

What is The Universe ?

Universe is a large of space which contains all of the matter and energy in existence. Its contains all of the galaxies, stars and planets.

The characteristic of The Universe. universe is The size of
unknown. The commoving distance to the edge of the visible universe is about 46.5 billion light. The shape of universe on the largest scale is unknown.

There is a small fuzzy patch in the sky that they called it Nebula. The first astronomers called the Nebula is “Spiral Nebulae” because when they made a research, they noticed that some of the Nebula had a spiral shape. They believed that “Spiral Nebulae” is part of our galaxy / community of stars. Edwin Hubble studied the Nebula have other communities of billions of stars that held together by gravity of galaxies and its not just a Nebula at all.


Its occur in compact regions of dust and gas that known as giant molecular clouds. The formation of star depend especially upon its starting mass. It may take millions or billions of years for a star to complete its life cycle.

What is The Astronomy
It is the science of celestial objects such as stars, planets, comets and galaxies. It is also the phenomena that originated outside the Earth’s atmosphere. Its related with the evolution, physics, chemistry, meteology and motion of celestial objects, as well as the formotion and development of the universe.

The planets were formed by a protoplanetry disk that surrounded the early sun. Through a process that included gravitational attraction, collision and acceration, the disk formed clumps of matter that with time became protoplanets. The radiation pressure of the solar wind then expelled most of the unaccreted matter and only these planets with sufficient mass retained their gaseous atmosphere. The planets continued to impact craters on the moon. Some of the protoplanet may have collided during this period, the leading hypothesis for how moon were formed.


Scaled model of our planets
Object Sun Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto Real Diameter (km) 1,392,000 4880 12,104 12,742 6780 139,822 116,464 50,724 49,248 2274 57.910 108.16 149.6 228.0 778.4 1,427.0 2,869.6 4,496.6 5,913.5 Real Distance (million km) Scaled Size (cm) 16.51 0.058 (tiny! grain of sand) 0.14 (grain of sand) 0.15 (grain of sand) 0.08 (almost 1 mm) 1.7 (a dime) 1.4 (a button) 0.6 (button snap) 0.6 (button snap) 0.03 (small piece of dust) 6.9 (7 big steps) 12.8 (13 big steps) 17.7 (18 big steps) 27.0 (27 big steps) 92.3 (92 big steps) 169.3 (169 big steps) 340.4 (340 big steps) 533.3 (533 big steps) 701.4 (701 big steps) Scaled Distance (m)

Astronomical object

Solar Astronomy
The Sun has steadily increased in luminosity over the course of its life, increasing by 40% since it first became a main-sequence star. The visible outer surface of the Sun is called the photosphere, above this layer is a thin region known as the chromosphere. This is surrounded by a transition region of rapidly increasing temperatures, then by the super-heated corona.

Stellar astronomy

The study of stars and stellar evolution is fundamental to our understanding of the universe.

Galactic astronomy
Our solar sysytem orbits within the Milky Way , a barred , spiral galaxy that is a prominent member of the Local Group og galaxies.

What is The Aerospace
Aerospace comprises air and space travel, manufacturing and associated. It is a very diverse industry, with a multitude of commercial, industrial and military applications. Aerospace is not the same as airspace which is aterm used to describe the physical air space directly above a location on the ground. Aerospace include space stations, space shuttles, space probes and space telescopes.

Space stations
A large structure in space that acts as home for astronauts working in space for some time It is built in small pats or modules taken one at a time by rockets. A space station is well equipped with food, water and air for astronauts to survive.

Space shuttle
A rocket about the size of a large aeroplane. Used for travelling between Earth and space station Its purpose is to carry large instruments into space, launchspace satellites, space probes and take astronauts to space stations Space shuttles such as Endeavour and Discovery have been used to carry astronauts.

Space probes
Unmanned space craft that send back to Earth valuable data about our solar sysytem. Thespace proble Vogayer 2 has taken close-up photos of Jupiter, Saturn , Uranus and Neptune. On the Mars Pathfinder mission in 1997, a remote-controlled vehicle was used to explore the surface of Mars to see if life is exists there.

Space telescope
Helped astronomers learn more about space. One of the most famous complex satellite telescope is space the Hubble Space Telescope. Carried into space inside the space shuttle discovery and released into orbit in 1990. It gives close-up pictures of most of the planets and moons of our solar system.

. . .The end. . . ^Thank you~

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