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# Second conditional

What is a conditional?
It is a sentence or part of a sentence expresses a
condition. Usually begins with the words
"When", "if" and "unless".
A condition is what must happen before
otherwise might occur.

## Example the conditions

They will come if they have
enought time.

## Example the conditions

They will come when i call
them.

## Unless she agrees to pay us we

will not take the job.

## There are 4 conditional in English, there are 4

ways to express that something depends on
another thing.
This presentation will discuss only "second
Conditional ".

SECOND
CONDITIONAL

## The second conditional has two possible uses:

It is used to talk about things in the future that
probably will not be real, for example Wishes and
dreams.
Example:
If I won the lottery, I would buy a car.

## 2. We also use this conditional to talk about

something in the mind that is impossible,
something that is not real.
Example:
If I were you, I would travel around the world.

Structure
There are two possible structures to form this type of
Conditional
1. If+ condition + result:
If +
+ verb in past simple +
complement (condition clause)

## + Would + verb in infinitive +

complement (result clause)

## I would thel him the truth

Also you can use the modal "could" and "Might" in the
main ream.

2. Result + if + condition
+ Would + verb in infinite +
complement ( result clause)

If +
+ verb in past simple +
complement (condition clause)

## If her parents agreed.

I would be surprised

## If I saw pigs in the sky.

Negative
To make a negative conditional we can use two
different structures. The first would be to deny
the verbs normally.
If +
+ didnt+ verb in
infinitive + complement
(condition clause)

+ Wouldnt + verb in
infinitive + complement (result
clause)

## As we can see from the example, simply refused

phrases.
Remember that the two may be denied or only one
of them.

## However, we can also use 'UNLESS' followed by

the verb
in the affirmative, with the same meaning.
Unless +
+ verb in past simple
+ complement (condition clause)

+ Wouldnt + verb in
infinitive + complement (result
clause)

## I wouldnt buy a house

Interrogative
The second conditional questions usually appear,
as this can ask for imaginary assumptions.

## Question word+ would +

+verb
in infinitive + complement
What would you do

If +

## + verb in past simple +

complement + ?
If you won the lottery?

## Examples the second conditional

If I had more friends I wouldnt live alone.

foreign friends.

work.

believe it.

## Exercises: Conditional Sentences

Complete the phrases.
If you (study) ________harder, you
(get)___________ better marks in your tests.
If I (be)________ rich, I (travel)__________
around the world.
She (come)___________ to the market with
us if she (have/not) ________________to
work.

## If I (be)_______ in Brazil, I (go)_________ to

Rio de Janeiro.
If I (be)________you, I (buy)_________ that
car.
If he (be)_________ in my place, he
(do/not)__________this.
If they (speak)________ Spanish, we
(understand)___________ them.
If I (see)_______ her, I (ask)_________ her out.
If it (be/not)_________raining, we (go) out.
If I (win)_________ the lottery, I
(escape)________ my work and my life.

Conversation
vouchers to spend?
Paul: Vouchers for which store?
Peter:I dont know probably a big department store like
liverpool or somewhere like that
Paul:Well, if you gave me all those vouchers Id definitely go
on a shopping binge. But I think the first thing would be
lots of delicious gourmet food?
Peter: Groceries isnt that a bit boring?
Paul: No, its just that finally Id be able to buy all those
luxury things you say are too expensive.
Peter: Like what?

Exercise
Where would Paul if he had 1000 dollars in
vouchers to spend?

idea?

Letters soup
a

1 Waste

2 invest

3 afford

4 inherit

5 earn

6 borrow

7 lend

8 coste

9 would

10 could

11 wish