You are on page 1of 20

Second conditional

What is a conditional?
It is a sentence or part of a sentence expresses a
condition. Usually begins with the words
"When", "if" and "unless".
A condition is what must happen before
otherwise might occur.

Example the conditions


They will come if they have
enought time.

He would tell me if he knew.

Example the conditions


They will come when i call
them.

Unless she agrees to pay us we


will not take the job.

There are 4 conditional in English, there are 4


ways to express that something depends on
another thing.
This presentation will discuss only "second
Conditional ".

SECOND
CONDITIONAL

The second conditional has two possible uses:


It is used to talk about things in the future that
probably will not be real, for example Wishes and
dreams.
Example:
If I won the lottery, I would buy a car.

2. We also use this conditional to talk about


something in the mind that is impossible,
something that is not real.
Example:
If I were you, I would travel around the world.

Structure
There are two possible structures to form this type of
Conditional
1. If+ condition + result:
If +
+ verb in past simple +
complement (condition clause)

+ Would + verb in infinitive +


complement (result clause)

If I won a 2 million dollars

I would travel around the world.

If I met him again

I would thel him the truth

Also you can use the modal "could" and "Might" in the
main ream.

2. Result + if + condition
+ Would + verb in infinite +
complement ( result clause)

If +
+ verb in past simple +
complement (condition clause)

He would quiet school

If her parents agreed.

I would be surprised

If I saw pigs in the sky.

Negative
To make a negative conditional we can use two
different structures. The first would be to deny
the verbs normally.
If +
+ didnt+ verb in
infinitive + complement
(condition clause)

+ Wouldnt + verb in
infinitive + complement (result
clause)

If I didnt win the lottery

I wouldnt buy a house

As we can see from the example, simply refused


phrases.
Remember that the two may be denied or only one
of them.

However, we can also use 'UNLESS' followed by


the verb
in the affirmative, with the same meaning.
Unless +
+ verb in past simple
+ complement (condition clause)

+ Wouldnt + verb in
infinitive + complement (result
clause)

Unless I won the lottery

I wouldnt buy a house

Interrogative
The second conditional questions usually appear,
as this can ask for imaginary assumptions.

Question word+ would +


+verb
in infinitive + complement
What would you do

If +

+ verb in past simple +


complement + ?
If you won the lottery?

Examples the second conditional


If I had more friends I wouldnt live alone.

If you spoke more languages, youd have more


foreign friends.

If she loved me more, I wouldnt leave her.

If we didnt talk so much, we would do more


work.

If I wrote the story of my life no one would


believe it.

Exercises: Conditional Sentences


Complete the phrases.
If you (study) ________harder, you
(get)___________ better marks in your tests.
If I (be)________ rich, I (travel)__________
around the world.
She (come)___________ to the market with
us if she (have/not) ________________to
work.

If I (be)_______ in Brazil, I (go)_________ to


Rio de Janeiro.
If I (be)________you, I (buy)_________ that
car.
If he (be)_________ in my place, he
(do/not)__________this.
If they (speak)________ Spanish, we
(understand)___________ them.
If I (see)_______ her, I (ask)_________ her out.
If it (be/not)_________raining, we (go) out.
If I (win)_________ the lottery, I
(escape)________ my work and my life.

Conversation
Peter: What would you buy if you had 10000 dollars in
vouchers to spend?
Paul: Vouchers for which store?
Peter:I dont know probably a big department store like
liverpool or somewhere like that
Paul:Well, if you gave me all those vouchers Id definitely go
on a shopping binge. But I think the first thing would be
lots of delicious gourmet food?
Peter: Groceries isnt that a bit boring?
Paul: No, its just that finally Id be able to buy all those
luxury things you say are too expensive.
Peter: Like what?
Paul:If I had 10,000 dollars you would buy all clothes.

Exercise
Where would Paul if he had 1000 dollars in
vouchers to spend?

What do you think Peter about the Pauls


idea?

Letters soup
a

1 Waste

2 invest

3 afford

4 inherit

5 earn

6 borrow

7 lend

8 coste

9 would

10 could

11 wish