Mining Policy in the

Philippines

How are the communities and the local governments benefitting from these ongoing mining projects? .

How are the projects affecting communities and the environment? .

Current Philippine Mining Policy It is shaped by the liberal interpretation and implementation of: Philippine Mining Act of 1995 EO 270: National Policy Agenda on Revitalizing in the Philippines National Minerals Action Plan  State policy tends to lean on the all-out promotion of large scale mining in the country .

Issues and Challenges of the Current Policy Environment 1. It allows export of our mineral ores 3. The Philippine Mining Act of 1995 allows for mining even in critical areas and no-go mining zones 2. It allows the 100% ownership of mining projects through the Financial and/or Technical Assistance Agreement (FTAA) .

Social impacts of mining     Displacement of communities Health Impacts Psychological Impacts Human Rights Violations .Issues and Challenges of the Current Policy Environment 4.

the Alternative Minerals Management Bill House Bill No.Policy Recommendation  To overhaul the system in order refocus the mining polices to ensure benefits for the people especially the poor and marginalized and to ensure that the protection of the environment is a priority Thus. 984) should be passed .

rational.The Alternative Minerals Management Bill (AMMB) What is the AMMB? The AMMB champions conservation of nonrenewable mineral resources for the benefit of both present and future generations of Filipinos. needs-based minerals management geared towards effective utilization of mineral resources for an ecologicallysound national industrialization and modernization of agriculture. How? By adopting a sustainable. .

geo-hazard areas.  It aims to expand mining no-go zones such as: .Climate-disaster prone areas and geo-hazard areas .Salient Provisions of the AMMB  It prohibits mining operations in climate-disaster prone areas.High-conflict areas .Densely populated areas . and small-island ecosystem. protection forests .Historical and Cultural heritage sites .Protected Areas including buffer zones.Critical habitats .

operation. and closure and rehabilitation phase .Salient Provisions of the AMMB  It establishes the Multi-Sectoral Minerals Management Councils where: .Participatory and localized decision-making is encouraged  It also demands mandatory consultations from the Council in each mining phase – exploration.Different affected sectors must be represented .

Requiring the processing must inside the country .Cancelling all tax incentives (10% gross revenue share from mining. corporate and other taxes) .Salient Provisions of the AMMB  It ensures that the people and the government benefit from mineral extraction projects by: . 10% royalties for indigenous communities.

Salient Provisions of the AMMB  On small-scale mining. it strengthened environment policies and small scale mining cooperatives are supported .

. It merely emphasizes the value of mineral resources and reorients the current mining policies to serve the Filipinos better.Final Word AMMB is not against mining.

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Indigenous People’s Rights: Issues & challenges in implementing IPRA Photo: During the State of the Indigenous Peoples Address 2015. UP Diliman . August 9-11.

series of 2012 (JAO) 01-12  JAO 01-12 works where agencies cooperate especially at the local level  But there are cases where JAO 01 further delayed .State of the Indigenous Peoples Address 2015  On Indigenous Peoples in the SONA  On Indigenous Peoples’ Land Rights and JAO 01-02  Lack of Institutional coordination among government agencies in-charge of land titling => Joint DARDENR-LRA-NCIP Administrative Order 01.

 Indigenous Peoples and Mining  Author of Alternative Minerals Management Bill to replace Republic Act 7952 or the Mining Act of 1995 as well as the National Land-Use Act (NaLUA).  Indigenous Peoples and Dams  Support mini and micro hydros: no dam and minimal environmental impact  Filed HB 987: Redefinition of “host communities” .

within an ancestral domain  Conflict where there is disagreement especially between impact and non-impact communities . Free Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) and the NCIP  NCIP AO 2006: FPIC only among directlyaffected (impact) communities  NCIP AO 2012: including indirectly-affected communities.

 Women and Children  On Indigenous Peoples and the Peace Process  IP Education  Governance and Traditional Knowledge .