GERUND

 Definition
 Form
 Functions
 Gerund Phrase

Make sentences using these pair of words Enjoy – study go – swim .

I enjoy studying I go swimming .

What is a gerund? A gerund is a verbal that is used as a noun and has an –ing ending .

How to form a gerund? Verb + ing Examples: study + ing = studying walk + ing = walking talk + ing = talking .

5. 6. Gerund Gerund Gerund Gerund Gerund Gerund as as as as as as subject direct object indirect object predicate nominative object of preposition an appositive . 2. 4. 3.The functions of Gerunds 1.

Gerund as subject a. .The battle of Trojans was the greatest war in ancient Greece. Fighting between the Greeks and Trojans was the greatest war in . b.

Daedalus decided escaping from the labyrinth soon. b.Gerund as direct object a. . Daedalus decided an easy way to go out from the labyrinth.

b.Gerund as indirect object a. The great King Minos gave the architect Daedalus the highest award in Crete. The great King Minos gave designing the labyrinth the highest award in Crete .

b. Daedalus’ job was designing Architectural structure for the people of Greece . Daedalus’ job was an architect in Greece.Gerund as predicative nominative a.

Gerund as object of preposition a. b. The police arrested Jean Valjean for stealing the bread.The police arrested Jean Valjean for his crime. .

was the most exciting one 2. Beowulf is actually enjoying the achievement .Gerund as nominative in apposition : His experience. defeating the ugly monster Grendel from the Swampland. .Gerund as an appositive 1. Gerund as objective in apposition in the life of Icarus . flying over the sea.

What is a gerund phrase? A gerund phrase is a group of words consisting of a gerund and its modifier(s) and/or objects .

c.Examples: a. Creating a huge labyrinth for the monstrous monster would be a prestigious duty for Daedalus to do. Jean Valjean was given additional punishment for trying to escape from the galleys. . b. d. Icarus and his father enjoyed flying over the hills and mountain during the escape. Daedalus’ instruction has always been reminding his son of flying carefully.

The author of the Raven heard the mysterious sound at that night. . 3.Exercise 1. King Minos gave the creation the highest present in Crete. 2. The trial of Jean Valjean was an effort to sentence the ex-convict.

. 6. . 5.4.Beowulf’s success was the biggest achievement in his life. . The Greek warriors attacked Trojans for a serious motive. Cossete’s job at the Thernidier’s house was a difficult job .The fisherman is actually proud of his victory.

The author of The Raven heard constant tapping at that night. 4.Cossete’s job at the Tharnidier’s house was doing all the chores. 2.1. 3.Investigating the criminal deeds of Jean Valjean was an effort to sentence the exconvict.King Minos gave creating the huge labyrinth the highest present in Crete. .

was the biggest achievement in his life. . The Greek warriors attacked Trojans for abducting Helen from Spartan Kingdom 6.5. . defeating the monstrous monster Grendel.Beowulf’s success. catching and releasing the fish. .The fisherman is actually proud of his victory.