MATHCOUNTS

1990-1991
State Countdown Round

How many of the even counting
numbers less than 100 are
prime?

Answer: 1

The probability of rain on any
given day in Atlanta is 20%.
After how many days would you
expect it to have rained on 30
days?

Answer: 150 (days)

Two fair tetrahedral (four-sided)
dice are thrown. If the faces of
each are numbered 3, 5, 7, and 9,
what is the probability that the sum
of the numbers on the bottom faces
is a prime?

Answer: 0

What is the shortest distance that can
be traveled if you start at any point, A, B,
C, or D and visit the other three points
once?
A
6
5

B

3

D
6

4

C

5

Answer: 13

How many positive integer pairs
(x, y) satisfy A = x + y,
3
when A = 2?

Answer: 5 (pairs)

If the digit 7 is placed to the right
of a three-digit number, forming
a four-digit number, the value of
the original number increases by
7,000. What was the original
number?

Answer: 777

Fifty cards numbered 1 to 50 are
placed in a box. If a card is
selected at random, what is the
probability that the card is a
prime number and a multiple of
seven? Express your answer as
a common fraction.

1
50

What is the last digit in the
product of all natural numbers
between 1 and 100?

Answer: 0

If 5! is expressed as the product
of its prime factors in exponential
form, what is the sum of its
exponents?

Answer: 5

This table shows the distribution of scores of Mr.
Sampson’s 10-point quiz. What is the median score?

Test Scores
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2

Frequency
I
II
III
IIII
IIII
I
II

Answer: 7

A certain type of 8 ½“ by 11” paper
has a thickness of 0.02 cm. If
15,000 sheets of paper are stacked
on top of each other, what is the
height, in meters, of the stack?

Answer: 3 (meters)

Points A, B, C, and D are located on AB
such that AB = 3AD = 6BC. If a point is
selected at random, what is the
probability that it is between C and D?
Express your answer as a common
fraction.
A

D

C

B

1
2

Three identical squares are
placed side by side to form a
rectangle with a perimeter of
104 inches. What is the area, in
square inches, of each square?

Answer: 169 (square inches)

Brad is less than 30 years old.
His age is a multiple of 5. Next
year his age will be a multiple of
7. How old is Brad now?

Answer: 20 (years old)

How many different triangles are
in the figure?

Answer: 13 (triangles)

How many even numbers are
between 201 and 405?

Answer: 101

What is the positive square root
of 16x16?

Answer: 4x8

When n is divided by 5, the
remainder is 1. What is the
remainder when 3n is divided by
5?

Answer: 3

Express 10% of 30% of 50 as a
decimal.

Answer: 1.5

A = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, …}.
What fractional part of the numbers
in set A are not divisible by 3?

2
3

Six softball teams are to play
each other once. How many
games are needed?

Answer: 15 (games)

Two ropes, 18 meters in length
and 24 meters in length, need to
be cut into pieces which are all
the same length. What is the
greatest possible length of each
piece?

Answer: 6 (meters)

What value of n makes this
sentence true?
n = n+1
6
9

Answer: 2

If f(x) = 3x + 2 and g(x) = (x – 1)2,
what is f(g(-2))?

Answer: 29

If March 1 is a Monday, what day of
the week will it be 270 days later?

Answer: Friday

Given x = 3 and y = 2, simplify:
3
2
2x – 3y
6

Answer: 7

Simplify:

7!
4!3!

Answer: 35

In how many different orders
can a group of six people be
seated around a round table?

Answer: 120 (ways)

How many different
arrangements are there using
the letters in the word
PARALLEL?

Answer: 3360 (arrangements)

What is √200 to the nearest tenth?

Answer: 14.1

What is the positive geometric
mean of 8 and 18?

Answer: 12

Find the midpoint of the line
segment with endpoints (5, -5) and
( -5, 5).

Answer: (0, 0)

Give the decimal expression for q% of
q.

Answer: 0.01q2

Solve for x: 2

x+2

= 128

Answer: 5

The area of a triangle is 600 square
feet. Find the altitude, in feet, of
the triangle if the length of the base
is 30 feet.

Answer: 40 (feet)

The longest side of a right triangle
is 5 feet and the shortest side is 3
feet. What is the area of the
triangle in square meters?

Answer: 6 (square meters)

If each side of a square is
increased by 50%, what is the
percent of increase in the area of
the square?

Answer: 125 (percent)

Four lines are drawn in a plane.
What is the maximum number of
distinct regions in which the
lines could divide the plane?

Answer: 11

Simplify: 0.666… + 0.333…
0.999…

Answer: 1

What percent of 80% of a
number will lave the number
unchanged?

Answer: 125 (percent)

Find the number of square units in
the area of the shaded region.
(0, 30)

(20, 30)

(30, 30)
(30, 20)

(0, 10)

Answer: 500 (sq. units)

If y = -7 + √(5 – x), find x when y =
3.

Answer: -95

In quadrilateral ABCD, angle BAD
and angle CDA are trisected as
shown. What is the degree
measure of angle AFD?
B
C
F

Answer: 80 (degrees)

Find the number of square units in
the area of the triangle.
(-2, 6)

Answer: 32 (square units)

What is the smallest integer that
satisfies |2x – 3|< 8?

Answer: -2

How many two-digit whole
numbers are divisible by 14?

Answer: 7

What percent of the whole
numbers less than 100 have no
remainders when divided by 5?

Answer: 20 (percent)

What is the 100th even whole
number?

Answer: 198

ABCD is a square 4 inches on a side,
and each of the inside squares is
formed by joining the midpoints of the
outer square’s sides. What is the area
of the shaded region?

Answer: 4 (square inches)

If all multiples of 3 and all
multiples of 4 are removed from
the list of numbers 1 through
100, how many whole numbers
are left?

Answer: 50 (whole numbers)

FINALS

Divide 4abc by 2a2b
3d2

6cd
a

2

What is the simplest radical
form of 3√4  6√2?

Answer: √2

Two fair cubical dice are tossed.
What is the probability,
expressed as a common
fraction, that the sum of the
numbers showing on the dice
will be four?

1
12

If a * b is defined as a + b,
2
what is the value of 6 * (3 * 5)?

Answer: 5

If x and y are positive integers
such that xy = 108, what is the
least possible value of x + y?

Answer: 21

Find √√256,000.

Answer: 40

Express the value of
1 of 10% of 0.001 in scientific notation.
100

Answer: 1 or(1.0) X 10-6

Find the sum of all solutions to
this equation:
x2 + 62 = 102

Answer: 0

What is the sum of the lengths, in
centimeters, of the two legs of a
30-60-90 right triangle, if the length
of the hypotenuse is 2√6 cm?

Answer: √6 + 3√2

How many diagonals can be
drawn for a hexagon?

Answer: 9 (diagonals)