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PRESENTATION

Wi-Fi / Wireless Network


Overview

July 28, 2005


WHO ARE WE?
Thai-Fi is a 1.5 year old wired &
wireless networking company

MISSION
To provide affordable high speed
wireless networks using Wi-Fi technology
for buildings, businesses and homes with
best in class support
Sample Projects
The Ascott Sathorn-35 story/312 unit apt/condo
+ all public areas including 2 restaurants (Hu’u &
Aldos), pool, biz center, lobby, lounge, retail
area

80 unit apt/condo with


restaurant (Zanotti)

Phi Phi Island Village Resort


• 100 plus bungalow resort
• Phase 1 Installation in lobby, café,
restaurant. Phase 2 on hold.

Sachayan Court
14 Floor 25 units + Tamarind Café—an Art
gallery/café.

Urbana Languan (October Opening)

Substantial SME Client List & Lots of Homes/Apts


THE
ALPAHBET SOUP
OF WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY

RF MIMO WPA DSL


Wi-Fi IEEE WPA2 G.SHDSL
802.11a WLAN AES VOIP
802.11b AP 802.11i Skype
802.11g SSID VPN POTS/PSTN
WEP ADSL PDA
802.11n
Soft Phone
What is all this stuff… and what can it do to
help me at work and at home?
WHAT IS WI-FI
WIRELESS FIDELITY
Global Standard: Technically called 802.11;
Commonly known as Wi-Fi. Provides wireless
connectivity to internet, other computers & devices
using radio frequency (“RF”) technology.
Who Is In Charge? Institute of Electrical and
Electronics Engineers, or IEEE—international non
profit association that approves Wi-Fi standards
Use Anywhere: at home, work or Wi-Fi “hotspots”
around the corner or around the world.
Interoperability: your vendor’s Wi-Fi equipment will
work with mine-look for Wi-Fi Alliance logo
95 Million Wi-Fi equipped laptops and other
devices will be in circulation by end of 2005.
68,644 hotspots worldwide (source: JI Wire.com)
THE
WI-Fi FLAVORS:
Wi-Fi has evolved over time (and continues to do so) and
the IEEE global standards body has 3 approved types of
Wi-Fi
802.11a: FORGET IT!
•5GHz frequency not legal in Thailand because it requires a license.
•NOT used in “hotspots” worldwide; used mainly in large
corporate environments.
802.11b: OLDER STANDARD
•11 Mbps max capacity.
•Uses the 2.4 GHz unlicensed frequency permitted in Thailand and
worldwide.
802.11g: LASTEST/FASTEST-RECOMMEND THIS
•54 Mbps capacity; same 2.4 GHz frequency for global access
•Backward compatible with 802.11b
•Improved coverage/interference capabilities

But…
FASTER/BETTER
Standard On the Way
802.11n:
•Newest standard under development—not yet
approved
•Minimum 100 Mbps bandwidth capacity (new
technology called “Multiple In Multiple Out” or
“MIMO” uses 3-4 antennas instead of current 1 or
2 antennas)
•Significantly larger area of coverage
•Backward compatible with 802.11b and g
(same 2.4GHz frequency used worldwide)
•“Pre N” AP’s already on the
market-but require matching PC
Card to get full benefits
WHAT DOES WI-FI DO?
Wireless Network: provides connectivity to
internet, printers, servers and other devices
without wires (called Wireless Local Area
Networks or “WLAN”).
WHAT ELSE CAN IT DO?
•Internet telephony: uses a technology called Voice
Over Internet Protocol (“VOIP”) to make phone
calls over the internet
•Video Surveillance: IP based wireless cameras for
video surveillance. Access cameras on site or
anywhere in the world remotely via the internet
•Streaming audio/video: Advertising; IP TV &
Video on demand (w/set top TV boxes)
•Industrial/Mfg applications such as
Radio Frequency Identification
(“RFID”) new/smarter barcodes
Arrangement for Broadband 1
Internet is made

Perform Radio Frequency


(“RF) Site Survey

Access Points (“AP’s”) are


strategically installed which
broadcast radio signals covering the
entire space.

Wi-Fi enabled computers and


devices can be used anywhere
Internet users
by sending and receiving
transmissions from the APs.

ISP
2

An ISP provides high speed internet


service for building.
Thai-Fi performs a site survey, procures,
and installs all necessary equipment to
spread the signal

Access Points (APs) are mounted


throughout the building based on
an RF survey.
APs transmit and receive wi-fi signals
allowing for connections to the internet
anywhere in the building.
New laptops have wi-fi built in
- By 2005 90% of all laptops will have wi-fi built in
Wi-Fi enabling an existing computer is easy and inexpensive
- Client devices start at around 1000 Baht ($25)
and are sold widely throughout Thailand

Plug into USB slot Internal card for desktop

SD or Compact Flash Cards for


Personal Digital Assistants (PDA’s)
PC card for laptop
WI-FI SECURITY
IS IT SAFE?
YES, if you activate the built in security.

•HOW SAFE?
•Current security standards built into Wi-Fi
implement a Governmental / Enterprise level of
encryption for security. Earlier encryption
standard was less robust.
•Several measures to take for additional layers
of security
WI-Fi SECURITY:
1st LINE OF DEFENSE:
SSID: Service Set Identifier. Think of this as the NAME
of your AP’s network
•Every AP comes from the factory with a “name”. Most
use either the brand name of the manufacturer or
“default”

•Change your SSID

•And then, consider disabling the broadcast of that


name so that others can’t see it

Because you must know the SSID or “name” of the AP


WHY? to sign on to that WLAN network and use it
Examples of SSID’s
WI-FI SECURITY
ENCRYPTION: The 2nd Line of Defense
WEP: The First Security Standard
Wired Equivalent Privacy (“WEP”): First
encryption standard built into Wi-Fi. All Wi-Fi
products still have this built in.
•Enter a 10 digit alpha-numeric code into AP and
computer
•Problem: Method of encryption was not robust.
•It also used the same “key” every time
Result: Someone using special code cracking software,
sitting within the range of coverage, could de-
cypher your encrypted messages IF he stayed
outside your door long enough while you are
online, for the code cracking software to work
WI-FI SECURITY
ENCRYPTION: The 2nd Line of Defense

WPA: The 2nd Security Standard


Wi-Fi Protected Access (“WPA”):
Second generation encryption standard built into
Wi-Fi. All newer Wi-Fi products have this built in.
Computers must be WPA enabled also:
•Windows XP Service Pack 2 has WPA built in
•2 settings: Personal and Enterprise
-Personal Mode: Enter an alpha-numeric key
into AP and each computer
-Enterprise Mode: requires extra equipment

Very Robust Encryption Methodology


WI-FI SECURITY
ENCRYPTION: The 2nd Line of Defense
WPA 2: The 3rd Security Standard
Wi-Fi Protected Access 2 (“WPA 2”):
IEEE standard known as “802.11i”. Latest
generation encryption standard built into Wi-Fi.
Uses a very advanced encryption standard called
“AES”
Computers must be WPA 2 enabled also:
•Windows XP Service Pack 2 has WPA2 built in
•2 settings: Personal and Enterprise
-Personal Mode: Enter a alpha-numeric key
into AP and each computer
-Enterprise Mode: requires extra equipment

Ultra Robust Encryption Methodology


WI-FI SECURITY
VPN: The 3rd Line of Defense

Virtual Private Networks: “VPN’s”


Separate hardware + software used in corporate
environments to add additional layer of
encryption allowing mobile workers a secure
communication path to home office.
Computers must have “client” VPN software
matching that at headquarters
Helpful in public Wi-Fi hotspots like cafes,
hotels and airports

3rd Party web based solutions for individuals


and SME’s such as www.hotspotvpn.com
A WORD ABOUT THE INTERNET
Question: Is All Internet Equal?
Answer: NO! You get what you pay for
4 Kinds of Internet Connections:
Consumer Class ADSL (Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line)
•Upload speeds are half that of downloads (or less)
•Many more users per line causing slowdown at peak
periods
Business Class DSL
•Equal up and download speeds
•Far less users per line (1-2 other users only) More reliable
G.SHDSL
•New technology offers almost lease line quality at lower price

Leased Lines
•No one shares line/fastest performance. Most expensive
INTERNET TELEPHONY:
VOICE OVER INTERNET PROTOCOL
(“VOIP”)
“VOIP TO VOIP” CALLS:

•Use your laptop or Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) as a


“Soft Phone” to call another person who is using their
laptop or PDA.

•Currently legal in Thailand w/out a license

•Skype (www.skype.com) or Yahoo Chat are examples of


“freeware” to allow for free telephone calls to others online

•Limitation of this type of VOIP Service: recipient must be online and


have downloaded the software.
Value Added Services: INTERNET TELEPHONY:
VOICE OVER INTERNET PROTOCOL
(“VOIP”)
“VOIP TO Regular Landline or Cell Phone
•Use your laptop or Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) as a
“Soft Phone” to call another person on a regular landline
telephone or cellphone (Plain Old Telephone Service
“POTS” or Public Switch Telephone Network “PSTN”

•Sale of this service w/out a license is currently prohibited.


“CAT2Call” from CAT is currently only licensed provider
•Outbound Service: Can make calls from your computer to a
regular phone number. Example: “Skype Out” service. Long
distance calls are about half the cost of a land line telephone
service.
•Inbound Service: You pay for a phone number in another country
which your family/friends/associates call. To them, it’s a local call.
You receive call on your laptop. Example: “Skype In”
OTHER VALUE ADDED SERVICES
Video Surveillance/Video Conferencing
Wired or Wireless IP Cameras
View on site
View Offsite via the Internet from
anywhere in the world
IP TV and Video on Demand
(“Triple Play” of voice/video/data)
True and Shin have both announced
service
 Shin’s service, for 650 baht/month, has set
top TV box + 2Mbps (1Mbps international
bandwidth and 1 Mbps local)
Contrast w/ Verizon’s service in USA:
fiber to home w/ 15Mbps for $49/month
TOMMOROW’S PROMISE:
WI-MAX
Technical Name from IEEE: 802.16
Metro Area Wide “Hotzone”
Cities implementing:
• Tokyo (December 2005)
•South Korea
Intel will build Wi-Max chips into laptops
starting Q4 2006

Very fast, inexpensive bandwidth


Connect anywhere in the city
Coverage in moving vehicles, indoors and
out, similar to cell phone coverage
THE
ALPAHBET SOUP
OF WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY

RF MIMO WPA DSL


Wi-Fi IEEE WPA2 G.SHDSL
802.11a WLAN AES VOIP
802.11b AP 802.11i Skype
802.11g SSID VPN POTS/PSTN
WEP ADSL PDA
802.11n
Soft Phone
And that’s what all that stuff is… and what
can it do to help your at work and at home
Wired and Wireless Networks
For
Buildings, Businesses and Homes.

Thai-Fi
57-57/1 4th Floor Suite 403 Wireless Road
Pathumwan, Lumpini Bangkok 10330 Thailand
tel: (66)(2) 655-3539 fax: (66)(2) 254-4235
www.thai-fi.com info@thai-fi.com

Stay current with all this technology on the “News” section of our website at www.thai-fi.com