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Starsuckers

• Viewing and Director Q & A


this Friday 5/6 and 7/8
• Need to get 7 and 8 off
• Will probably finish before 8th
lesson.
• Think of intelligent things to
ask the director
• Does not need to relate to this
unit
• 35 Media students from
Barking Abbey will be coming
as well
Case Study 1: The News

Key Questions:
1. What role does the news play in society?
2. How has the news been changed by the
information age?
3. Do these changes make society a more
or less free place? (ie. Is this a good or a
bad thing)
Part 1: Journalism 1.0 – The Past
“There can be no higher law in journalism than
to tell the truth and to shame the devil - remain
detached from the great”
Walter Lippmann

• Journalism:
The occupation of reporting,
writing, editing, photographing,
or broadcasting news or of
conducting any news
organization.
Journalistic Ethics
• Journalists are expected to be • Is this a realistic
responsible and objective in expectation?
their analysis, and are
supposed to refrain from
personal biases or prejudices.

• Journalists have the right to


keep their sources a secret, so • How do we know their
that the sources do not suffer sources are legitimate
for telling the truth. then?

• Their work should be in the


public interest. • Who decides what is in
the ‘public interest?
Public Interest vs Human
Interest
The Public Interest: The news that is important for everyone to be
aware of to participate successfully in a free and democratic society.

Human Interest: Stories that people find interesting/want to read.

Public Interest Human Interest

Which kind of stories go where?


Gate Keeping
Gate Keeping is the process of filtering ideas and information for mass
communication (ie. The news). The series of internal decisions made in any
media institution between the initial event and final story.

•Developed by Kurt Lewin in 1947, one of the most important ideas when
thinking about the way Journalism works.
•Gate Keepers in a newspaper could include:
• Journalists
• Sub Editors
• Editors
• Owners
• Witnesses
Galtung and Ruge’s Thoery of News Selection
• Media theorists Johann Galtung and Mari Ruge developed a theory
about the way in which news selection and what happens at each stage
of Gate Keeping. They propose three factors:

Witness Reporter Editor ?


EVENT STORY

3. Replication: At every stage of the process from event to


story Selection and Distortion will happen.

1. Selection:
2. Distortion:
From all the facts of an event
Once selected, an item will
certain facts are chosen that accentuate based on the
are deemed the important facts that were selected.
ones. Those which are ‘News
Worthy’.
A Break From the Wiki –
The Sixth Form Newspaper
• Working as a class create a newspaper
targeted at the students (and perhaps staff)
of the sixth form.
• You choose the subject of the stories but
they must be in the PUBLIC INTEREST.
• Your articles must be based on fact and as
good journalist free of bias or personal
opinion.
Our Institutional Model
Mr Wilkinson
OWNER

Mr Shakhovskoy Ms Severn
Executive Editor Executive Editor

Zaynah Jermaine
Manisha Baldeep
Sub Editor 1 Sub Editor 2
Afternoon Class Afternoon Class
Morning Class Morning Class

Jennie Steven Sandeep Mala

Dipesh Ranmal
Michael Steph Jenita
Personal Assistant

Liam Chris Charlotte Manoj

Charan Sarah Jeyda Lewis

STACIA!!!! Lauren Daniel

Matthew Devpal Elena

Faatima Josh
Things To Consider:
1. NOT A BLOG – NOT A FORUM TO
SHARE YOUR OPINION
2. What will you report on?
3. Where will you go to get your
facts/quotes/public opinions?
4. How will you check that they are true and
accurate?
5. What kind of graphics will you use to
support your stories?
Obtaining and Conducting
Interviews
1. You need permission
– In writing prevents you from getting in people denying It later
on.
1. You need to collect EXACT quotes, misquoting in journalism is a
serious criminal offence.
2. If using voice or video recording you need to let your subject
know
3. You need clear identification
4. You need to check your facts with more than one source. (ie.
Because Steven Brown said/Zaynah saw it on Youtube is not a
FACT)
5. Source’s may choose to remain anonymous and you need to
respect that in your writing. However if we can’t check the facts
with them you may not get work published.
6. All notes/recordings need to be handed in for verification.
Timeline
BY FRIDAY: Interviews and fact finding done
SUNDAY 7pm: Copy Deadline – 200-300
words if fine emailed to mrashak@gmail.com
TUESDAY: Editing deadline – stories finalised
WEDNESDAY: Layout finished ready to be
published.
Work at your table to fill each circle with stories that are part of the:
Public Interest - The news that is important for everyone to be aware of to participate
successfully in a free and democratic society.
Human Interest – The news that people are drawn to and find interesting

Public Interest Human Interest


109
words
100
Suddenly she came upon a little three-legged table, all
made of solid glass: there was nothing on it but a tiny
words
golden key, and Alice's first idea was that this might
belong to one of the doors of the hall; but, alas! either
the
90 locks were too large, or the key was too small, but at
any rate it would not open any of them. However, on the
words
second time round, she came upon a low curtain she
had not noticed before, and behind it was a little door
about fifteen inches high: she tried the little golden key in
the
80
lock, and to her great delight it fitted!
words

70
words
60
words

50
words

40
words

30
words

20
words

10
words
Conventions of News Articles
23 rd February 2010
Mr Shakhovskoy

START WITH A News Articles often use


HEADLINE the “Pyramid Structure”
The first paragraph is called the lead and covers the where the most
who/what/when/where /why/how of the story so the important facts come first
reader knows what we will learn from the whole story.
The following paragraphs should give us further to gaint he viewer’s
information about the story from a number of attention and get less
perspectives. They should make sure to cite where
the information came from wherever possible even if important as you go
it’s “an anonymous source tells us that…..” although along
this is thought of as lesser journalism.
News Articles are not very long 200 words is plenty, the
aim is to get your ideas across quickly and accurately.
The article should contain a number of direct
quotes.
Sentences should be short and simple and
appropriate to the audience.
Perfect spelling/grammar/punctuation is a must.
MOST IMPORTANTLY an article should stick to
the FACTS and not be based upon personal
opinions!
The Sixth Form Press
Your Name:

Partners Name (optional):

Ideas for Newspaper Title:


1.
2.

A Two sentence idea for story:

People who could be interviewed:

Image/Statistics ideas that could support article:


Story Template
Headline:
Opening Paragraph (who/
what/when/where/
why/how?

Supporting facts

Alternative points of view

Quote 1 (include name of


source)
Quote 2 (include name of
source)

Quote 3 (include name of


source)
Facts Template (include quotes)
Who?

What?

When?
Where?
Why?

How?