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# Drilling Calculations

Course

## Common Units and symbols

parameter

Unit

Symbol

length

Feet,inches or Mtr

Ft ,inor M

Area

inches or square
meters

Volume

## Cubic feett, cubic

centimeters cubic
meters or

Cuft. Cu In or Meters
cube

Capacity

US barrels,US
gallons, Cubic ft

## bbl, gal(US), cuft

Mass

Pounds,Short tons

lbs, Sh tn

Force (weight)

Pounds-force

lbf

Presure

## Ppounds force per

square inch

psi

Density (mudweight)

## Pounds per gallon,

pounds per cubic ft

Ppg ,pcf

torque

Foot pounds

ftlbs

AREAS

Areas
Length

Area of a square

Length

## This same expression is applicable to a

rectangle and parallelogram

base

Height

Height

Area of a Triangle

base

## Area of a triangle = Base x Height

2

Area of a Circle

Diameter

Where r= radius of the circle
= 3.142
Area of circle= x Diameter x Diamater
4

VOLUMES

Annular area
d

## Annular or cross sectional area = {(D x D)-(d x d)}

4
This can be used to calculate annular areas of the wellbore or
Cross sectional areas of tubulars

Volumes
hieght

Volume of a cube
h
dt
a
e
br

length

## Volume of a cube = length x breadth x height

Height

Cylindrical Capacities

Area

## Volume of a cylinder = Area x Height

= x Diameter x Diameter x Height
4
This is the basis for all volume the capaciy calculations in well control

Capacity Calculations
Rule of thumb:
Capacity of a cylinder in bbls/ft= Diamater x Diameter
1029.4
Multiply this by the Height of the cylinder ( or length of the hole)
gives the volumetric capacity in barrels
HVolume = Diameter x Diameter x height(or length)
1029.4
This expression is generally used on the rig for volume and capacity
calculations

Top view

Annular Volume
in bbls

1029.4

## Hole volume calculations

ANNULAR VOLUME AROUND DP =
[( D3 - D1 ) / 1029.4] x L1

## ANNULAR VOLUME AROUND DC =

[( D3 - D2 ) / 1029.4] x L2

## Hole volume calculations

example
Using the following data, calculate the total
annular volume.
L1 = 4000 ft
L2 = 800 ft
D1 = 5 in
D2 = 6.5 in
D3 = 8.5 in

## Hole volume calculations

ANNULAR VOLUME AROUND DP =
[( 8.5 - 5 ) / 1029.4] x 4000 = 183.6 bbls
ANNULAR VOLUME AROUND DC =
[( 8.5 - 6.5 ) / 1029.4] x 800 = 23.31 bbls

206.91 bbl

## The same expression for calculation od hole volumes can

also be used for the calculation of mud pump displacements
Triplex Pump displacement in bbls/ft =
D x L x e x3
1029.4 x 12 x100
Where D= liner size in inches
L= Stroke length in inches
e= Volumetric efficiency in %

## Pump displacement volumes

example

Where D= 7 inches
L= 11 inches
e = 97%
Pump displacement= 7 x 7 x 97 x 11 x 3
1029.4 x 12 x 100
= 0.127 bbls/ stroke

Weight on bit
Drill collars and/or heavy wall drill pipes are uses
to put weight on the bit
Drill collars are also used to keep the string in
tension and prevent it from buckling
There is a point in the drill collars where
compression stops and tension starts this point
is called the neutral point
Weight on bit is usually about 75-90%of the
buoyed drill collar weight