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COMPARISO

N AND
CONTAST

WHAT IS
CONTRAST?
Discussing the differences
of two or more things;
setting off dissimilar
entities of object

WHAT IS
COMPARISON?
The act of comparing;
Showing of simmilarities of
two or more things;

COMPARISON AND
CONTRAST
Used for more clarifications of what
are the difference between the
objects, things, being compared.
NOTE:
Be sure that the things being
compare are comparable.

ORGANIZING A
COMPARISON/CONTRA
ST
1. CONSECUTIVE METHOD
presenting an information on
one of the subjects being
compared.
2. SIMULTANEOUS METHOD using
a point by point comparison.

GOALS OF
COMPARISON AND
CONTRAST
designed to foster critical thinking
skills for the student;
to help the audience make a
decision about a topic (FOR
AUTHOR); and
help you write an effective, wellorganized essay.

HOW TO MAKE
COMPARISON/CONTA
ST?
There must be two or more
ideas, thing or objects that
can be compared or that are
comparable;
Know how to make the clear
description of the things
being compared;

MODEL TECHNICAL
REPORT
Introduction and Thesis
cover the main point that will be
discuss;
Explaining to the audience what
will be comparing and
contrasting, and what the purpose
of the comparison and contrast is;
introduction should also have a
strong thesis statement

thesis statement should


overview the key
similarities and the key
differences between the
two items; and
explain the significance of
the differences and
similarities.

COMPARISON SECTION
Provide details about the key similarities and
use descriptive detail and examples to
illustrate your points;
For example, when comparing a psychology
major with a sociology major, you might give
specific details about how the degree plans
are similar, using actual examples of courses
included in the majors from your university's
student handbook. You might also explain how
the sequence of required courses are similar
by including a side-by-side comparison of.the
courses students in each major take during
specific years of their degree programs.

CONTRAST SECTION
After you have explained the similarities, you
should explain the main differences between the
items. Like the comparison section, you should
use actual examples and provide enough detail
so the audience can follow the logic of your
contrast section. For the psychology and
sociology majors example, you might explain the
differences between the goals of each of the
programs. For instance, many psychology
programs are geared toward helping students
work toward a master's degree in counseling,
whereas many sociology degrees are intended to
help students get into graduate school to
eventually earn a PhD, where they will conduct
research in sociology.