Road Safety Inspection (RSI

)

Herman J. Moning MSc.
Rijkswaterstaat - Centre for Transport and Navigation - The Netherlands

Overview Eur Dir & PP Checklists
Schemes/ checklists
Method RSIA Guidelines + checklists Guidelines + checklists Checklists Checklists Method of Inspection Network Safety Mgt RS Inspection Maintenance
4 December 2008 Road Safety Inspection 2

Planning process
RSafety Impact Assessm Global design Detailed design Construction Road in operation

European Directive

RS Audit Global design RS Audit Detailed design RS Audit Pre-opening RS Audit After opening

Presentation RSI
Schemes/ checklists
Method RSIA Guidelines + checklists Guidelines + checklists Checklists Checklists Method of Inspection Network Safety Mgt RS Inspection Maintenance
4 December 2008 Road Safety Inspection 3

Planning process
RSafety Impact Assessm Global design Detailed design Construction Road in operation

European Directive

RS Audit Global design RS Audit Detailed design RS Audit Pre-opening RS Audit After opening

Content RSI
        What prescribes EU-directive (October 2008)? What is a road safety inspection? Why to execute inspections? Who should execute inspections? How to execute an inspection? What is the frequency of inspections? How to report the results? What to do tomorrow in Cyprus?

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

4

European Directive (1)
 Road safety inspections contain: • periodic inspections of the road network on the road safety of the traffic flow • surveys on the possible impact of road works on the road safety of the traffic flow  Member States shall ensure that periodic inspections are undertaken by the competent entity

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

5

European Directive (2)
 Inspections shall be sufficiently frequent to safeguard adequate safety levels for the road infrastructure in question  Member States shall adopt guidelines on temporary safety measures applying to road works. They shall also implement an appropriate inspection scheme to ensure that those guidelines are properly applied

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

6

Content RSI
        What prescribes EU-directive (October 2008)? What is a road safety inspection? Why to execute inspections? Who should execute inspections? How to execute an inspection? What is the frequency of inspections? How to report the results? What to do tomorrow in Cyprus?

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

7

What is a RSI ?
 A road safety inspection is: • a regular, systematic on site inspection of existing roads covering the whole network and in case of road works • conducted by trained teams of experts • to identify hazardous conditions and deficiencies that may lead to (serious) accidents, resulting in a formal report  RSI is also a tool within Network Safety Management: • an essential tool for preventing possible dangers for all road users, including vulnerable users

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

8

RSA ⇔ RSI
Remark: RSA and RSI are in large extent based on similar procedures and checklists
1. RSA stage 1: preliminary design 2. RSA stage 2: building or detailed design Road will be (re)constructed 3. RSA stage 3: pre-opening audit 4. RSA stage 4: after opening audit 5. RSI: periodical inspections
4 December 2008 Road Safety Inspection 9

RSI and daily maintenance
 It is very important to distinguish two types of inspections: • Daily maintenance inspections • Road safety inspections  Daily maintenance inspection is a daily review where the infrastructure is reviewed and asap remedied: • potholes, • damaged traffic signs, • broken down traffic lights, • overhanging branches ….

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

10

RSI and daily maintenance
 Daily maintenance inspection is network management from day to day: • carried out by a road inspector • road inspector has not: ◊ an independent status, ◊ a broad safety focus, ◊ detailed skills for safety inspections  Both type of inspections form a part of the total management process and practice

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

11

Content RSI
        What prescribes EU-directive (October 2008)? What is a road safety inspection? Why to execute inspections? Who should execute inspections? How to execute an inspection? What is the frequency of inspections? How to report the results? What to do tomorrow in Cyprus?

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

12

Why RSI’s? (1)
 To evaluate road sections in operation: • to identify safety hazards which affect any type of road user • to suggest measures to eliminate or to mitigate problems • possibility to focus on special problem areas: pedestrians, road sides, intersections, …..  Pro-active and re-active approach of road safety  RSI is a tool within road network safety management. Objectives are: • to prevent (serious) accidents • to keep the consequences of accidents to a minimum • to avoid expensive remedial work
4 December 2008 Road Safety Inspection 13

Why RSI’s (2)
 Causes of road accidents: • human factors : 95% • road factors : 16% • vehicle factors : 6%  The way in which the road itself influences the road user is crucial: • accidents occur because road users fail to cope with their road environment • their ability to cope can be influenced by basic design factors • infrastructure not only influences accident prevention but also injury mitigation
4 December 2008 Road Safety Inspection 14

Content RSI
        What prescribes EU-directive (October 2008)? What is a road safety inspection? Why to execute inspections? Who should execute inspections? How to execute an inspection? What is the frequency of inspections? How to report the results? What to do tomorrow in Cyprus?

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

15

Who will perform a RSI (1)?

 The aim is to build teams of road safety inspectors under justification of a “competent entity”: • the process / protocol of inspection • the inspectors have the necessary up-to-date knowledge  A team of at least two road safety inspectors: • “independent” of the road administration • not involved in design / construction • supported by the road inspector

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

16

Who will perform a RSI (2)?

 Requirements of a road safety inspector: • relevant experience or training in road design, road safety, traffic engineering and accident analyses • an initial training “road safety inspector” resulting in a certificate of competence • take part in periodic further training courses

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

17

Who will perform a RSI (3)?
Human being

Vehicle

Infrastructure

 Team of inspectors with up to date knowledge of: • road safety and road design • human factors / traffic psychology • enforcement / police • civil engineering (asphalt expert)  Alternatives: meetings/interviews relevant experts
4 December 2008 Road Safety Inspection

18

Content RSI
        What prescribes EU-directive (October 2008)? What is a road safety inspection? Why to execute inspections? Who should execute inspections? How to execute an inspection? What is the frequency of inspections? How to report the results? What to do tomorrow in Cyprus?

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

19

How to do RSI: 5 steps
1. Preparation by desk research 2. On site inspection 3. Draw up the report 4. Follow up, implementation of measures 5. Check if everything has been done

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

20

Preparation RSI (1)
 Investigations of accident data (3-5 years preceding RSI)  Traffic data:
• (intended) road function • traffic volumes (AADT) • specific groups of road users

 Drawings of the section  Additionally data:
• • • • speed data experience police complaints residents / road users maintenance schemes/practices
Road Safety Inspection 21

4 December 2008

Preparation RSI (2)
Road safety map of Utrecht:

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

22

Preparation RSI (3)
 The identification of road sections with high accident concentrations • high risk sites • Network safety management  A rough analysis of accidents can: • provide guidance in terms of priorities • simplify the inspection  Rough analysis of accident data means: • types of accidents • locations of accidents
4 December 2008 Road Safety Inspection 23

RSI: where to start?
 High risk sites and/or high accident rates  E-roads are mostly very important international roads  Thinking in three road categories • a through road has priority above a distributor road • a distributor road has priority above an access road  Traffic volumes (AADT) within a specific road category  Road sections where an improvement of infrastructure is expected to be highly efficient (highest benefit-cost ratio)  Maintenance works (rehabilitation asphalt)
4 December 2008 Road Safety Inspection 24

Inspection: safety principles

1. Functionality of roads: prevent unintended use of infrastructure 2. Homogeneity: prevent major variations in mass, speed and direction 3. Recognisability of road design and predictability of the road course: prevent uncertainty for road users 4. Forgivingness of the physical surroundings: free recovery zones, passive safety of objects

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

25

Ideal road network

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

26

On site inspection: time

 Time of inspection • during daytime and at night • different seasons (snow)  By car, bike or feet: • depends on the type of accidents • depends on the kind of infrastructure • the road needs to be seen from the road users’ perspective

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

27

On site inspection: questions
 How will all road users cope at all times and in all conditions with this road environment?  All dimensions are correct?  Does the design create confusion?  Is there too much or too little information?  Is there too little or too much visibility?  Does the lay-out or actual condition create hazards or obstacles to road users (forgiving roadsides)?
4 December 2008 Road Safety Inspection 28

On site inspection: tools
 Test the design against the up to date guidelines is important, but • given the local circumstances, what is the best solution • therefore an inspector needs to have experience

 Take pictures and / or video of findings / problems  Use of checklists is recommended

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

29

On site inspection: checklists
 To be used as a tool, an aid at the end of the process: • to ensure that no major potential safety issue has been overlooked  To structure the performing of the inspection: • checklist per problem area better than general checklist per road category  To provide points of particular interest but …  Expertise, knowledge and experience of the inspectors are most crucial to do the inspection!
4 December 2008 Road Safety Inspection 30

Overload of information

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

31

Inspection result

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

32

Design does not support give way

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

33

Content RSI
        What prescribes EU-directive (October 2008)? What is a road safety inspection? Why to execute inspections? Who should execute inspections? How to execute an inspection? What is the frequency of inspections? How to report the results? What to do tomorrow in Cyprus?

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

34

Frequency of inspections
 RSI will become (in future) more or less a routine process  Cross section, alignment and intersections will not change during some years, but have to be adapted to: • changing road functions • traffic volume changes • rehabilitations of surface (win-win situation)  Road safety inspections every 2 to 4 year: • monitoring of measures of previous inspection will automatically happen  Special elements changes (renewing guardrails): • inspections at irregular intervals? • preparation of the building design?
4 December 2008 Road Safety Inspection 35

Content RSI
        What prescribes EU-directive (October 2008)? What is a road safety inspection? Why to execute inspections? Who should execute inspections? How to execute an inspection? What is the frequency of inspections? How to report the results? What to do tomorrow in Cyprus?

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

36

RSI report: performance (1)
 Carry out inspections day after day: • first day: inspection • second day: report the results • third day: inspection  Use photos to support the presentation of inspection results  Very important to indicate accurately the location of the problems  RSI-report is always negative!
4 December 2008 Road Safety Inspection 37

RSI report: content (2)
 Part 1: project data, a brief description of the project  Part 2: brief description of the problems: • positive and negative effects • the relative importance of each problem should be indicated (high, average, low).  Part 3: proposals of counter measures

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

38

RSI report: content (3)
 Appendix: • maps and illustrations (photos) in order to clarify the results • sketch of countermeasures (alternatives) • list of basis inspection documents • list of the members of the inspection • list of all plans and other information examined  A signed written report  On request by the client a clarification by the team (no discussion)
4 December 2008 Road Safety Inspection 39

Content RSI
        What prescribes EU-directive (October 2008)? What is a road safety inspection? Why to execute inspections? Who should execute inspections? How to execute an inspection? What is the frequency of inspections? How to report the results? What to do tomorrow in Cyprus?

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

40

What to do tomorrow
 Continue with your preparing work for RSI  Set up of competent entity  Draw up a protocol/guideline: • The steps to be followed and the elements to be considered • Use available literature, guidelines, … • Decision process of different issues ◊ Combining with daily (maintenance) process ◊ Frequency of safety inspections ◊ Prioritising of roads ◊ ……
4 December 2008 Road Safety Inspection 41

What to do tomorrow
 Selection/training inspectors • Certificated inspectors • Regularly come back and renew knowledge

4 December 2008

Road Safety Inspection

42

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful