-SMOKING

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LECTURER:PN.MARINA. NAME:MOHD FIRDAUS B KAMARUZAMAN. MATRIX NUMBER:11SKA09F2054(SKA 1B).

CONTAIN PAGE…
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Page 3(Introduction) Page 5(Acknowledgment) Page 6(Definition) Page 7(Advantages) Page 8-18(Disadvantages) Page 19-24(Effects) Page 25-27(Causes) Page 28-29(Solution) Page 30(Conclusion) Page 31(Referrences)

INTRODUCTION….

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

For your acknowledgment, Smoking, especially after the introduction of tobacco, was an essential component of different cultures and became integrated with important traditions such as weddings, funerals and was expressed especially in literature and poetry. Smoking is a “practice where a substance, commonly tobacco, is burned and the smoke is tasted or inhaled”. It means a person who smoke is going to kill himself, because he is inhaling smoke of fire. In other words we can say that he is going to suicide. The Hubly Bubly and cigarette are common methods of smoking in all over the world.

DEFINITION

Smoking is the inhalation of the smoke of burning tobacco encased in cigarettes, pipes, and cigars. Casual smoking is the act of smoking only occasionally, usually in a social situation or to relieve stress. A smoking habit is a physical addiction to tobacco products. Many health experts now regard habitual smoking as a psychological addiction, too, and one with serious health consequences.

ADVANTAGES OF SMOKING

Makes me feel really relaxed when I smoke, and I know that everyone says it is so bad for you, but I only do it when I am extremly agitated, studiying, when I was in school in early years,or when extremly angry.I guess I angry all the time, so I am basically two packs a week.No joking with you. There is NO benifiet to smkoing. If ANYONE tells you there is, THEY ARE LYING TO YOU... One friend of mine would smoke so he would not eat, and he died of lung cancer, but I bet she was the skinniest one out in the grave yard...

DISADVANTAGE OF SMOKING

FOR A SHORT TERM

Scientists and doctors know so much more about the effects of smoking today than ever before. They know smoking causes immediate effects on the smoker's body. It constricts the airways of the lungs. It increases the smoker's heart rate. It elevates the smoker's blood pressure. The carbon monoxide in tobacco smoke deprives the tissues of the smoker's body of much-needed oxygen.

FOR A LONG TERM

Smoked tobacco in the forms of cigarettes, pipes, and cigars causes lung cancers, emphysema, and other respiratory diseases. In fact, smoking causes ninety percent of all lung cancer cases. Twenty percent of heavy smokers get the chronic lung disease called emphysema, which causes the narrowing, and clogging of the airway passages in the lungs. This disease is seldom seen in nonsmokers. Smokers are also at least four times more likely to develop oral and laryngeal cancer than nonsmokers.

Smoking contributes to heart disease. It increases the risk of stroke by nearly 40% among men and 60% among women. Smoking is an addiction. Tobacco smoke contains nicotine, a drug that is addictive and can make it very hard, but not impossible, to quit. More than 400,000 deaths in the U.S. each year are from smoking-related illnesses. Smoking greatly increases your risks for lung cancer and many other cancers

Smoking in Old age

Smoking in Youth

SECOND HAND SMOKE
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Smoking harms not just the smoker, but also family members, coworkers and others who breathe the smoker's cigarette smoke, called secondhand smoke. Among infants to 18 months of age, secondhand smoke is associated with as many as 300,000 cases of bronchitis and pneumonia each year. Secondhand smoke from a parent's cigarette increases a child's chances for middle ear problems, causes coughing and wheezing, and worsens asthma conditions.

If both parents smoke, a teenager is more than twice as likely to smoke as a young person whose parents are both non-smokers. In households where only one parent smokes, young people are also more likely to start smoking.

PREGNANT WOWEN

Pregnant women who smoke are more likely to deliver babies whose weights are too low for the baby's good health. If all women quit smoking during pregnancy, about 4,000 new babies would not die each year.

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Smoking in Pregnancy Effects are shown in the visual :

EFFECTS OF SMOKING
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One in two lifetime smokers will die from their habit. Half of these deaths will occur in middle age. Tobacco smoke also contributes to a number of cancers. The mixture of nicotine and carbon monoxide in each cigarette you smoke temporarily increases your heart rate and blood pressure, straining your heart and blood vessels. This can cause heart attacks and stroke. It slows your blood flow, cutting off oxygen to your feet and hands. Some smokers end up having their limbs amputated.

Tar coats your lungs like soot in a chimney and causes cancer. A 20-a-day smoker breathes in up to a full cup (210 g) of tar in a year. Changing to low-tar cigarettes does not help because smokers usually take deeper puffs and hold the smoke in for longer, dragging the tar deeper into their lungs. Carbon monoxide robs your muscles, brain and body tissue of oxygen, making your whole body and especially your heart work harder. Over time, your airways swell up and let less air into your lungs. Smoking causes disease and is a slow way to die. The strain of smoking effects on the body often causes years of suffering. Emphysema is an illness that slowly rots your lungs. People with emphysema often get bronchitis again and again, and suffer lung and heart failure.

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Lung cancer from smoking is caused by the tar in tobacco smoke. Men who smoke are ten times more likely to die from lung cancer than non-smokers. Heart disease and strokes are also more common among smokers than non-smokers. Smoking causes fat deposits to narrow and block blood vessels which leads to heart attack. Smoking causes around one in five deaths from heart disease. In younger people, three out of four deaths from heart disease are due to smoking. Cigarette smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of low birth weight, prematurity, spontaneous abortion, and perinatal mortality in humans, which has been referred to as the fetal tobacco syndrome.

EFFECT OF SMOKING

SMOKING CAUSES
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Smoking causes excess of harmful elements in the human body. According to a survey, a single cigarette contains approx. 4500 elements which can cause different types of cancers. Almost everyone knows that smoking causes cancer, emphysema, and heart disease; that it can shorten your life by 10 years or more; and that the habit can cost a smoker thousands of dollars a year. So how come people are still lighting up? The answer, in a word, is addiction.

There are over 4,000 different addictives in cigarettes and that is not counting the tobacco. A lot of these cigarette addictives can be found in other products such as food and while they were tested for other uses, these addictives in your cigarettes were never actually tested to see what would happen when they were burned. Cigarette Addictives: Below I will list just a few of the addictives that are inhaled with each puff of a cigarette: DDT - An insecticide that was eventually banned Acetone - This is usually found in nail polish remover Butane - You can find this in your lighter fluid. Ammonia - Used to clean your home and the smell is awful and overpowering to the senses Benzene - This product can be found in synthetic rubber and also used to make dye products Arsenic - Another deadly poison that is often used to kill rats Nicotine - Nicotine was a poison that was once and may still be used to kill roaches

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CONTENTS OF CIGARETE

HOW TO STOP IT
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Health Education Ban on advertisements for the promotion of smoking. Ban on smoking in public places. Under-age sale of cigarettes should be prohibited. Ban on smoking in public transports. Ban on smoking in government offices/institutions. Encourage advertisements on Quitting smoking. Government should provide recreational facilities for the common man. Text books of all the basic education must include lessons on smoking hazards.

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Workshops and Seminars should be arranged periodically to increase awareness in the community regarding the ill-effects of smoking. Warning wordings should be prominent on the pack of cigarette. Anti-smoking banners and posters should be displayed in academic institutions. Awards should be given to those who take active part in the Anti-smoking campaigns. Smoking during driving should be banned. Quit smoking by eliminating the exogenous stress factors, like un-employment. Replace tobacco crop cultivation with other cash crops. Taxation should be increased and be imposed on item basis, not on the sale value on all tobacco products (in order to make it out of reach of the buyer).

CONCLUSION

From the above illustrations and statements, it is very much clear that smoking is certainly one of the major public health problems all over the world and we need to control it at all levels of life, until it takes us down to the ground.

REFERENCE….
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www.pro smoking.com www.quit-smoking-expert.com www.antismoking.com

THANK YOU

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