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BIOMETRICS

PRESENTED BY,

K.NUTAN SAI

06N71A0504

BATCH NO:6

GUIDE:M CHANDRAMOULI
CONTENTS

• INTRODUCTION
• WHAT IS A BIOMETRIC ?
• TYPES OF BIOMETRIC SYSTEM
• CHARACTERISTICS FOR SELECTING A
BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGY
• METHODS TO RATE BIOMETRIC ACCURACY
• COST ANALYSIS FOR BIOMETRICS
• BIOMETRIC APPLICATIONS
• FUTURE OF BIOMETRICS
• CONCLUSION
INTRODUCTION
 Biometric is a rapidly evolving technology

 Facilitates the automatic identification


based on physical or behavioral
characteristics

 Eliminates the need to memorize a


password or carry some form of token
WHAT IS A BIOMETRIC ?

Science and technology of measuring and


statistically analyzing biological data
that is represented in human by patterns
unique to every individual
Figure describing the process involved in using the biometric
system
TYPES OF BIOMETRIC SYSTEM
PHYSICAL BIOMETRICS

 Fingerprint Verification
 Hand Geometry
 Retinal Scanning
 Iris Scanning
 Facial Recognition
Fingerprint Verification

To authenticate a set of prints, a scanner needs to do two


things: first, it needs to get the image of the prints which are
to be authenticated, and second, it needs to actually go about
the business of verifying them.
Hand Geometry

Hand geometry involves analyzing and measuring the shape of


the hand. Biometric offers a good balance of performance
characteristics and are relatively easy to use.
Retinal Scanning

Extracting Perform
Intensity Profiles Scanning
Iris Scanning
DETAIL ANALYSIS OF IRIS SCANNING

 Iris scan takes about 30sec & 2sec for


verification
 A camera located at about 3 feet focuses on &
scans iris from one side
 This scan is converted into a template
 Only phase information is used for recognizing
iris as amplitude information is depends on
extraneous factors
Iris scanning enabled Atm Authenticam used for iris scanning
ADVANTAGES OF IRIS SCANNING

 Iris pattern posses high degree of


randomness, variability & uniqueness
 Patterns are apparently stable throughout
life
 Encoding & decision making are tractable
 Image analysis & encoding time : 1sec
 Search period : 100000 iris codes/sec
DISADVANTAGES OF IRIS SCANNING

 Small target (1cm) to acquire from a


distance (1m)
 Located behind a curved, wet, reflecting
surface
 Obscured by eyelashes, lenses, reflections
 Partially occluded by eyelids, often
dropping
 Illumination should not be visible or bright
Facial Recognition

Face recognition analyzes facial characteristics. It requires a


digital camera to develop facial image of the user for
authentication
BEHAVIORAL BIOMETRICS
 Signature Verification
 Voice Verification
Signature Verification

Signature verification enjoys a synergy with existing


processes that other biometrics do not
Voice Verification

Voice biometrics has the most potential for growth, because it


requires no hardware.
CHARACTERISTICS FOR
SELECTING
A BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGY

 Accuracy
 Ease of use
 Error incidence
 Cost
 User acceptance
 Required security level
 Long term stability
METHODS TO RATE BIOMETRIC
ACCURACY

• FALSE- ACCEPTANCE RATE (FAR)


• FALSE- REJECTION RATE (FRR)
The plot of FAR Vs FRR representing
crossover error rate
COST ANALYSYS FOR
BIOMETRICS

• Hardware
• Back-end processing power to maintain
database
• Research & testing of the system
• User education
• Exception processing
• System maintenance
BIOMETRIC APPLICATIONS
 Indian Initiatives
 Bioenable Technology, Pune
 Siemens Information System Ltd., Banglore
 Axis Software, Pune
 Jaypeetex ,Mumbai
 Global Developments
 Internet Security : Litronix, Usa
 Windows Biometrics : Microsoft
 Net Nanny Software International
 Biometric Smart Cards : Polarid & Atmel
FUTURE OF BIOMETRICS
 ATM Machine Use
 Travel & Tourism
 Public Identity Card
CONCLUSION
 Your fingerprints, iris pattern, and voice
will verify your identity
 You can unlock your house or withdraw
money from your bank with just a blink of
eye, a tap of your finger, or by just
showing your face
THANK YOU