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ACTIONS IN THE

PAST...
I was, you were / there was,
there were / I was doing ,you
were doing/ I did , you did / I
have done, you have done.

Form
a
I

verb
al

com

YOU

HE

TO
BE

( ser
,

SHE

IT

estar
)

WE
YOU

PRESEN
T

are

is

is

am

PASTForma
verbal

was

There be
( PRESENT )

is

are

THEY

are
are

wer
e
wa
s

There be ( PAST )

Há )

PLURAL
wer
was was wer e
wer
e
e
There is (
There are
( Há )

SINGULAR

There was
( Havia )

There were
( Havia)

Forma
verbal
PRESENT
CONTINUO
US
or
PRESENT
PROGRESS
IVE
Forma
verbal
PAST
CONTINUO
US
or
PAST
PROGRESS
IVE

Afirmativa

Negativa
Interrogativa

I am dancing .
You are dancing.
He is dancing.
She is dancing.
It is dancing .
We are dancing.
You are dancing.
They are
dancing.
Afirmativa

I am not dancing.
You are not dancing.
He is not dancing.
She is not dancing.
It is not dancing .
We are not dancing.
You are not dancing.
They are not
dancing.
Negativa

Am I dancing ?
Are you
dancing ?
Is he dancing ?
Is she dancing ?
Is it dancing ?
Are we
dancing ?
Are you
dancing ?
Are
they
Interrogativa
dancing?

I was dancing.
You were
dancing.
He was dancing.
She was dancing.
It was dancing.
We were
dancing.
You were
dancing.

I was not dancing.
You were not
dancing.
He was not dancing.
She was not
dancing.
It was not dancing.
We were not
dancing.
You were not

Was I dancing ?
Were you
dancing ?
Was he
dancing ?
Was she dancing
?
Was it dancing ?
Were we
dancing ?

SIMPLE PRESENT

Forma
verbal
Simple
Present

Forma
verbal
Simple
Past

Afirmativa

X

SIMPLE PAST

Negativa

I work
You work
He/ She/ It
works
We work
You work
They work

I do not (don’t) work
You do not (don’t) work
He/ She / It does not
(doesn’t) work
We do not (don’t) work
You do not (don’t) work
They do not (don’t)
work
Afirmativa
Negativa

I worked
You worked
He/ She/ It
worked
We worked
You worked
They worked

I did not (didn’t)
work
You did not (didn’t)
work
He/ She / It did not
(didn’t) work
We did not (didn’t)
work

Interrogativa
Do I work ?
Do you work ?
Does he /she / It
work ?
Do we work ?
Do you work ?
Do they work ?
Interrogativa

Did I work ?
Did you work ?
Did he /she / It
work ?
Did we work ?
Did you work ?
Did they work ?

SIMPLE PAST
Forma verbal
SIMPLE PAST
( definite time )

X

PRESENT PERFECT
Afirmativa
Example :
I lost my key yesterday.
( Eu perdi minha chave
ontem.)

Forma verbal
PRESENT
PERFECT
( indefinite time )

Afirmativa
Example :
I have lost my key .
( Eu perdi minha chave )

Advérbios usados comumente no
Present Perfect
• many/several times
Ex.: They have done this work many times.
• never
Ex.: He has never visited Disneyworld.
• just
Ex.: I have just painted the room.
• already
Ex.: They have already arrived.


SIMPLE PAST – REGULAR VERBS
1. Para formar o passado simples dos
verbos regulares acrescenta-se -d / ed ao verbo.
Exemplos :
No
infinitivo

No passado

love
play
like
work
decide
create

loved
played
liked
worked
decided
created

Pronúncia

ed = /d /
ed = /d /
ed = /t /
ed = /t /
ed = / Id /
ed = / Id /

2 . Se o verbo terminar em Y e for
precedido por
Consoante, o Y será substituído por ied .
Exemplos :

carry - carried
study – studied
marry – married

3. Se o verbo terminar em sílaba forte
formada por consoante / vogal /
consoante ( C/ V/ C), dobra-se a
última letra e acrescenta-se – ed.
Exemplos :
stop – stopped
permit – permitted
occur – occurred
plan – planned

PAST PARTICIPLE
VERBOS REGULARES
O particípio passado dos verbos
regulares é escrito da mesma forma
que o passado deles .
Passado

loved
played
liked
worked
decided

Particípio
passado

loved
played
liked
worked
decided

VERBOS IRREGULARES
O infinitivo, passado e particípio passado
dos verbos irregulares não seguem
regras, pois têm sua forma própria.

Alguns verbos irregulares têm a mesma
forma no infinitivo,passado e particípio
(uniformes). Outros têm o passado e particípio
iguais ,ou ainda infinitivo e particípio iguais
(biformes). Há ainda os que são diferentes no
infinitivo, passado e particípio passado
(triformes).

INFINITIVO

put
( colocar,pôr)
let (deixar,
permitir)
sit ( sentar )
become (tornarse)
write (escrever )
be (ser, estar)

PASSADO

PARTICÍPIO
PASSADO

put

put

let

let

sat

sat

became

become

wrote

written

was / were

been

Atenção !
TO BE in the past
Where were you last
night ?
I was at home.
When was he born ?
Olá ! in
Eu1940.
sou o
He was born

verbo TO BE.
Sabia que eu
posso auxiliar
outro verbo,
mas não preciso
de auxílio ? Eu
sou poderoso !
Eu me basto
sozinho !!!

Other verbs in the past
Where did you go last
night ?
I went to the cinema.
When did he die ?
He died in 1990.

Advérbios ou locuções adverbiais que
são usados geralmente no Simple Past

• Yesterday – I visited my friend
yesterday.
• In (month,year,etc) – I traveled
to Rio in May./ She was born in
1985.
• Last ( month, year,etc) – I
bought a car last month.
• ( a week, a month , two
hours,etc ) ago.