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RF Optimization (Drive Test

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Objective (brief)




Understanding Optimization
Overview H/w used in TEMS
Using TEMS
Question in Interview
Review

Objective




Understanding meaning of RF Optimization
H/w & S/W used in TEMS
Understand GSM protocol
Understand LAP-Dm
Using TEMS



Drop Call Analysis
Handover Analysis

Troubleshooting with TEMS
Question in Interview
Review

Understanding Optimization

Optimization is the process of improving operation
of the network to better utilise available Infra.
to provide customers of the service the best possible
quality of service. 

H/w & S/W used in TEMS




TEMS Dongle
TEMS software
Laptop
GPS
Mobile

TMES Dongle .

GPS .

Latitude Longitude .

Latitude parallel to equator Longitude parallel to meridian .

970878E .187055N lon=72.lat=19.

TEMS .

Understand GSM protocol .

Understand GSM protocol .

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Layer 3 Messages .

Layer 3 Message      System System System System System Information Information Information Information Information Type Type Type Type Type 1 2 3 4 5 .

 SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 1   sent on the BCCH Information of control of the RACH .

 SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 2   sent on the BCCH BCCH allocation in the neighbour cells. .

    SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 3 The location area identification. The cell identity various other information about cell .

.System information type 5    sent on the SACCH by the network Any change in the neighbour cells description Mobile station must analyse all correctly received messages.

 PAGING REQUEST TYPE 1   sent on the CCCH by the network Up to two mobile stations .

 PAGING REQUEST TYPE 2  Three mobile stations .

Understanding LAP-Dm .

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Layer 2 Messages .

Using TEMS .

Serving Cell .

.Cell ID  16bit identifier  CGI = Cell ID + MCC + MNC +LAC  LAC < 65535  (Cell Global Identity).

Base Station Identity Code  Important in border areas  3-bit network color code (NCC)   assigned by regulatory authority 3-bit base-station color code (BCC)  assigned by the network operator .

Serving and Nighbouring cell .

 RxLEV  Measured in dBm units   Rxlev (-110 to – 47) dbm RxLEV (0 to 63)GSM unit .

.80dBm  The terminal evaluates C1 as +20.Cell selection  For example.  If the minimum allowed level is -100dBm  Average received signal level is .  The terminal always selects for attach the cell with highest C1.

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  The hopping pattern must be known both by the receiver and the transmitter. The smallest amount of interference on a site . Mobile allocation index offset (MAIO)   Time delay separating traffic channels. Hopping sequence number (HSN).

Frame Erasure Rate Speech Quality Index .

Troubleshooting With TEMS .

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Troubleshooting With TEMS  Call drop  Hand Over  Congestion .

 Troubleshooting Call Drop .

 Check Interference  Internal  Co-channel Interference         wireless alarm system Check Antenna Direction & Position Low Signal Strength Timing Advance Ping-pong Handover    MS power Turn on Frequency Hopping Put more TRU External   Change Frequency Call dropped on the TCH. Call dropped on the SDCCH DRAGON site .

Excessive Timing advance   TA value is higher than TALIM Reducing the coverage  If cell is really covering far away from BTS     Tilting the antennas. Reducing antenna height Changing antenna Reducing output power .

e.Excessive Timing advance   The maximum BTS radius of 35 Km is divided into 64 TA steps i. 1 TA = 547 Meter OR 550 Meter .

Excessive Timing advance  Check the BTS error log  Run commands: RXELP & RXMFP .

 Measured in dBm units     Rxlev (-110 to – 47) dbm RxLEV (0 to 63)GSM unit. Either BCCH channel in idle mode both BCCH and TCH .Low signal strength  Received signal level.

Handover Analysis .

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.Handover Analysis  No or few handover attempts:   whether the target cell is congested. solves the congestion problem. Check if BTS is defined but might not be in service. if congested.

Handover Analysis (BTS Log) PDF .

Question in Interview –1 How to connect gps and mobile? GPS components used? whic mobiles are been used? Laptop which pin is used to connect the gps? what parameters are used to measure call drop? what parameters are used to measure handoff? what u mean by RX-LEVEL? what u mean by RX-QUAL? what  does the term  power budget mean? .

Assignment for Student        How can you calculate the coverage and capacity of a GSM network? How do you make a link budget? Which parameters are included in “System Information”? How can you increase coverage and capacity? How does the choice of antennas affect network performance? What are C/I. C/A ? How can repeaters improve the network performance? .

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Thank you Design by Mahesh Tawade .