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NodeB hardware system structure

ISSUE 1.0

Huawei Confidential. All Rights Reserved

Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you will be
able to:

2

Master the hardware structure of the
NodeB;

Master the functional principle of the
subsystems

Master the functional principle of the board.

Internal Use

References

3

《 31026663- BTS3812E System
Description(V1.50) 》

Internal Use

Section 1 Introduction to Huawei’s NodeB solution Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E 4 Internal Use .

Huawei’s NodeB products  5 Huawei offers a series of WCDMA NodeBs conform to 3GPP R4/R5 FDD protocols Internal Use .

Huawei’s NodeB products 6 Internal Use .

Huawei’s Macro NodeB products  7 BTS3812E  Cabinet appearance Internal Use .

Huawei’s Macro NodeB products  8 BTS3812A  Cabinet appearance Internal Use .

Huawei’s Mini NodeB products  BTS3801 / 2 / 3 C  Cabinet appearance BTS3801C 9 BTS3802C BTS3803C Internal Use .

Huawei’s Distributed NodeB solution  Appearance of DBS3800 units BBU3806 10 RRU3801C Internal Use .

Section 1 Introduction to Huawei’s NodeB solution Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E 11 Internal Use .

Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E Chapter 1 System Architecture Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem Chapter 4 RF Subsystem Chapter 5 Control Subsystem Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration 12 Internal Use .

O&M terminal. antenna & feeder subsystem.System Composition  13 The system of BTS3812E includes cabinet. Internal Use . environment monitoring equipment and clock synchronization source.

BTS3812E under full configuration 14 Internal Use .

The Logical Structure of BTS3812E The logical structure of BTS3812E: Transport Subsystem Antenna MTRU NULP RNC RF Subsystem Baseband Subsystem NDTI/ NAOI NDLP Rx path o Rxo NBBI Rx1 Tx MAFU Rx path1 PA Tx path NTTA Antenna Duplexer  NTTA NMPT Control Subsystem 15 NMON BTS3812E cabinet Internal Use .

The Logical Structure of BTS3812A 16 Internal Use .

we have talked about the system composition. logical structure and the working principle of the BTS3812E/BTS3812A. Internal Use .Summary  17 In this section .

Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E Chapter 1 System Architecture Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem Chapter 4 RF Subsystem Chapter 5 Control Subsystem Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration 18 Internal Use .

Transport subsystem  19 Consisting of NDTI and NAOI to interface with the RNC Internal Use .

Operation of NDTI / NAOI  Operating environment of NDTI / NAOI in BTS3812E HULP NDTI/ NAOI NBBI RNC HDLP NMPT 20 Internal Use .

at least one NAOI or NDTI must be installed. Each NDTI provides up to eight E1/T1 ports that serve as the physical ports between NodeB and RNC. The two NDTIs can share load. Under minimum configuration. NDTIs can be installed in slots 12 and 13. Internal Use .Boards -NDTI      21 Providing E1/T1 ports to transmit ATM cells in IMA/UNI modes and supports AAL2 switching Extracting clock signals from the Iub interface and providing them for NMPT as the clock reference source of the entire NodeB. It achieves transport between 2G and 3G systems in the fractional ATM mode and circuit emulation mode.

Each NAOI provides two 155 M optical ports. Internal Use . One port can satisfy the capacity requirement of the NodeB and the other is for cascading. Extracting clock signals from the Iub interface and providing them for NMPT as the clock reference source of the entire NodeB. Providing four E1/T1 ports serving as circuit-emulation transmission channels for other equipment in the room.Boards -NAOI     22 Supporting the transmission of ATM cells over STM-1 and supports AAL2 switching.

features and the working principle . Internal Use .we have learnt the transport subsystem composition.Summary Summary  23 In this section .

Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E Chapter 1 System Architecture Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem Chapter 4 RF Subsystem Chapter 5 Control Subsystem Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration 24 Internal Use .

uplink processing and closed loop processing on the physical layer. Including HULPs.Baseband Subsystem   25 Performing downlink processing. HDLPs and NBBIs. Internal Use .

and DL closed loop transmit diversity processing. After demodulation and decoding. uplink TPC.Baseband Subsystem  26 The baseband subsystem provides the following functions:  Downlink processing: The baseband subsystem receives FP packets from the transport subsystem. it sends the data in the format of FP packets to the transport subsystem. The NBBI then allocates the DL data to the RF subsystem or RRU. downlink modulation and power control. It retrieves related control information ( ex. it transmits the data to the NBBI.  Uplink processing: The baseband subsystem receives the UL baseband data from the RF subsystem or the RRU. Internal Use . After channel coding. downlink TPC) from the UL received data and then sends the control information to DL transmit channels.  Closed loop processing: The baseband subsystem implements physical layer closed loop processing for uplink & downlink power control.

Work in 1+1 backup mode . Internal Use . One NBBI can process up to UL signals and DL signals over 128 channels.Boards-NBBI    27 NBBI provides an interface between the RF subrack and the baseband subrack. The UL resources of NBBI and HULP build up the UL resource pool. processes UL baseband signals and DL baseband signals. The DL resources of NBBI and HDLP form the DL resource pool.

Operation of NBBI  28 Operating Environment NBBIs Internal Use .

 Processing 128 uplink and downlink channel signals  NBOI contains three optical ports supporting remote RRU connection over 0.55 km (multi-mode).  The NBOI has the following functions:  Provides an interface between the RRU and the baseband subrack in the master cabinet. NBOI is applicable to BTS3812E&BTS3812A connected with RRUs.Boards-NBOI The NodeB baseband processing and optical interface unit (NBOI) is basically an NBBI plus a sub-board. that is. and 40 km (singlemode)  29 Internal Use . 10 km. NodeB optical interface transfer unit (NOIT).

Operation of NBOI  30 Operating Environment of NBOIs Internal Use .

 HDLP supports DL processing of HSDPA services. One HDLP can process up to DL signals over 384 voice channels.Boards-HDLP  NodeB HSDPA supported downlink processing unit (HDLP) encodes and modulates DL signals. no HDLP might be installed.  HDLPs can be installed in slots 8 and 9.  31 Internal Use . Under minimum configuration.

Operation of HDLP  32 Operating environment of an HDLP in the system Internal Use .

Boards-HULP NodeB HSDPA supported uplink processing unit (HULP) performs search over uplink (UL) access channels. and UL decoding.  HULPs can be configured in slots 2 to 7 in the baseband subrack. Under minimum configuration. demodulation over dedicated channels (DCH).  33 Internal Use .  One HULP can process up to UL signals over 128 voice channels. it is not necessary to configure HULPs.  HULP supports UL processing of HSDPA services.

Operation of HULP  34 operating environment of NULP Internal Use .

we have learnt the baseband subsystem and the NBBI , NBOI. Internal Use . HDLP.Summary Summary 35  In this section. HULP boards.

Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E Chapter 1 System Architecture Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem Chapter 4 RF Subsystem Chapter 5 Control Subsystem Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration 36 Internal Use .

MAFU 0 MTRU NBBI 0 37 MAFU MAFU MAFU MAFU MAFU 2 3 4 5 MTRU MTRU MTRU MTRU MTRU 1 2 3 4 5 1 Internal Use .RF Subsystem  The RF subsystem includes MTRU and MAFU subracks.

Internal Use . the configuration of output power in each carrier can be flexible. By output power. Each MTRU supports bi-carrier processing. BTS3812E can host up to six MTRUs. If the MTRU support two carriers.Boards-MTRU      38 Each MTRU provides two Rx channels and one Tx channel. there are two types of MTRU: 38 W and 50 W.

and one to six MTRUs accordingly. the number of MAFU configured to BTS3812E&BTS3812A is the same as that of MTRU.Boards-MAFU 39  BTS3812E can host one to six MAFU. That is.  MAFU controls the TMA and RET through feeders and built-in internal (antenna interface standards group (AISG) interface. Internal Use .

Operation of MTRU / MAFU  40 Typical configuration of 1x1-2 way receive diversity Internal Use .

Operation of MTRU / MAFU Typical configuration of 3x2 .2 way receive diversity 41 Internal Use .

we have learnt the RF subsystem composition and it’s working principle . Internal Use .Summary Summary  42 In this section .

Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E Chapter 1 System Architecture Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem Chapter 4 RF Subsystem Chapter 5 Control Subsystem Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration 43 Internal Use .

Internal Use .Control Subsystem  44 The control subsystem includes NMPT and NMON.

performance testing. software download.Boards-NMPT equipment management.. configuration management.  45 Internal Use .  Controlling NFAN and environment monitoring equipment through NCCU. NBAP common signaling processing. switchover between active and standby NMPTs. which work in the active/standby mode. and management of other boards in the system.  It provides reference clock signals for the entire NodeB.  A BTS3812E cabinet can host up to two NMPTs.

Operation of NMPT  46 Operating environment of NMPT Internal Use .

Boards -NMON   47 NMON provides the input and output interfaces for the NodeB to monitor other equipment. NMON adjusts and controls the RET through the MAFU. Internal Use . The 32-line input interface is used to collect alarms of the peripheral devices and the 7-line output interface is used to control other equipment.

Operation of NMON

Operating environment of NMON

MAFU

NMPT

NMON

RET

Input ports

Output control ports

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Internal Use

Clock Synchronization

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BTS3812E supports three clock synchronization modes:
 Synchronization with Iub interface clock signals
 Synchronization with GPS clock signals
 Synchronization with external reference clock signals
 Internal free-run mode .
The clock synchronization of the BTS3812E is achieved by the clock
module of the NMPT, which provides timing signals for the entire
NodeB.

Internal Use

Summary

Summary

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In this section ,we have learnt the control
subsystem composition and it’s working
principle .

Internal Use

Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E Chapter 1 System Architecture Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem Chapter 4 RF Subsystem Chapter 5 Control Subsystem Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration 51 Internal Use .

Antenna & Feeder Subsystem  composition: Antenna Antenna stand Jumper Jumper TMA Feeder Jumper 52 NodeB cabinet Internal Use .

Antenna & Feeder Subsystem   53 Antenna : By radiation features in horizontal directions: . Internal Use .Single polarization antennas .Dual polarization antennas The antenna connector is a DIN connector (7/16'').Directional antennas By polarization features: .Omni directional antennas .

Feeder  54 Feeder : For the main feeders. Antennas and TMAs. there are three choices:  7/8" feeders: used for the distance shorter than 40 m  5/4" feeders: used for the distance longer than 40 m  1/2" super-flexible cables are used between: Antennas and main feeders. Internal Use . Cabinet and main feeders.

The bypass function on power-off ensures that the received signals can bypass LNA and reach the BTS3812E upon LNA failure.TMA    55 A tower mounted amplifier (TMA) is a low noise amplification module installed on the tower top. There are two types of TMAs: Single TMA. It is the RF front end. TMA amplifies the received weak signals on the tower top to increase the receive sensitivity and improve the UL receiving performance. Internal Use . Double TMAs.

Summary Summary  56 In this section . Internal Use .we have learnt the Antenna & Feeder subsystem and its components .

Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E Chapter 1 System Architecture Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem Chapter 4 RF Subsystem Chapter 5 Control Subsystem Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration 57 Internal Use .

O&M Subsystem  O&M Subsystem composition: LMT iManager M2000 NodeB IP over Ethernet IPoA RNC LMT IPoA NodeB Modem Internet/DDN PSTN Modem IP over Ethernet LMT LMT LMT 58 Internal Use .

The RNC provides the IP route. Internal Use .  Reversed maintenance: Maintaining another NodeB on LMT through the local Ethernet port of this NodeB. The RNC provides the IP route  Near end maintenance: Maintaining a NodeB on LMT through the local Ethernet port of the NodeB.O&M Subsystem  59 operators can perform O&M for a NodeB through the following three ways:  Far end maintenance: Maintaining NodeBs on M2000 Client in the NMS center through the Internet or Intranet provided by the operator.

Internal Use .O&M Subsystem   60 The maintenance terminals include the LMT and M2000. The LMT can perform maintenance for only one NodeB at a time. M2000 provides powerful remote centralized O&M functions and can perform maintenance for several NEs including NodeBs.

O&M Subsystem  Hardware of O&M subsystem NodeB Cabinet NDTI/ NAOI NDLP NULP M2000 NBBI MTRU NMON MAFU NMPT LMT 61 Internal Use .

we have learnt the O&M subsystem composition and it’s working principle .Summary Summary 62  In this section . Internal Use .

63 Internal Use .