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Essential Question

What events led to U.S.
involvement in the Vietnam
War?

The United States and Vietnam

Vietnam
Controlled by
France until WWII
Seized by Japan
Pushed for
independence after
the war

Ho Chi Minh Leader of a nationalist movement in Vietnam Founded the Vietminh .

Domino Theory The belief that if Vietnam fell to communism. all of southeast Asia would follow .

Division of Vietnam According to the Geneva Accords Divided at the 17th parallel Elections to be held in 1956 to unite the country .

North Vietnam Ho Chi Minh and the Vietminh controlled the north Communist supporters .

.South Vietnam Pro-western regime Led by Ngo Dinh Diem Supported by the U.S.

Diem’s Government Diem regime became corrupt and repressive Refused to hold promised elections .

Vietnam Ho Chi Minh formed the National Liberation Front (NLF) to reunite the country Guerrilla terrorist forces known as the Vietcong .

Vietnam November 1. 1963 Diem overthrown and assassinated .

Vietnam Johnson followed idea of global containment “I am not going to lose Vietnam” Intended to increase troops .

S. 1964 North Vietnamese fired on U.Gulf of Tonkin Resolution August 2. destroyer Maddox Congress gave Johnson a mandate to conduct operations in Vietnam .

over 500. 1965 Marines landed at Da Nang By 1968.000 troops were stationed in Vietnam .War Escalates March 8.

booby traps and guerilla warfare in the thick Asian jungles .Vietnam Warfare Vietcong used ambushes.

.

” . half carrying. Nearby troopers took hold of the unconscious soldier and. . . a trooper brushed against a twoinch vine. half dragging him. pulled him the rest of the way through the tangle. shattering the right side of his head and body . and a grenade slung chest high went off.Realities of War “Three quarters of the way through the tangle.

S. carried out search and destroy missions Get rid of thick jungle hiding places by using napalm and Agent Orange (kills foliage) .Vietnam Warfare U.

Ho Chi Minh Trail Main supply line for the North Vietnamese Passed through Cambodia and Laos Received military support from China and Vietnam .

Tet Offensive January 1968 Vietcong launched assaults on South Vietnam. nearly overran Saigon Americans viewed war as unwinnable .

public discontent with the war Television coverage. carnage . body counts.S.Antiwar Movement By 1967 – U.

Counterculture Movements Youth attack on mainstream America Student protests Revolution against middle class respectability .

Music .

Woodstock .

Election of 1968 Democrat – Hubert Humphrey Republican – Richard Nixon Independent – George Wallace .

Troop Withdrawal June 1969 Nixon announced the withdrawal of 25.000 troops .

S. troops Sinking morale among troops . 1969 Slaughter of 350 Vietnamese villagers by U.My Lai Massacre Nov.

1969 ½ million protestors of the war in Washington Anger over news of Cambodia invasion .Mobilization Day November 16.

11 wounded .Kent State May 4. 1970 National Guard fired into an anti-war rally 4 students killed.

Kent State .

Kent State .

1973 Ceasefire agreement that accepted North Vietnamese troops in South Vietnam Troop withdrawal began .Paris Peace Accords January 27.

1975 – Vietnam was reunited Saigon renamed Ho Chi Minh City .Vietnam Reunification March 1975 – final offensive of North Vietnamese against the South April 29.

Fall of Saigon .

Fall of Saigon .

Fall of Saigon .