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# 10/01/2014

## Datta Meghe College of Engineering, Airoli, Navi Mumbai

Department of Mechanical Engineering
A
Seminar on

## ANALYSIS AND OPTIMIZATION

OF SAVONIUS WIND TURBINE

## Under the guidance of

Prof. (Dr.) Vilas B. Shinde
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Presented by
Aditya S. Kasar

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CONTENT

Introduction
Literature Review
Design
CFD Analysis
Conclusion
Future Scope

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CONTENT

Introduction

Literature Review
Design
CFD Analysis
Conclusion
Future Scope

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INTRODUCTION

What is

## MOTIVATION BEHIND THE PROJECT?

What are the project

AIM &OBJECTIVES?

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INTRODUCTION

## MOTIVATION BEHIND THE PROJECT

Depleting conventional natural resources at alarming
rate.
Need for developing use of non-conventional energy
resources.
Shortage of electricity faced in small towns and
villages.
Tap the potential Air Energy available and maximize
the power generation economically.
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WHY
?

INTRODUCTION
TYPES OF WIND TURBINE AVAILABLE

## It is simple in geometry and construction is

cheap
Works at lower wind speeds compared to its
counterpart
Works irrespective wind flow direction.

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FOCUS OF
OUR STUDY

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INTRODUCTION

## AIM & OBJECTIVES

Study the existing Savonius wind turbine designs.
Analyze the several factors determining the power
output.
Modify the design to increase the efficiency of existing
Savonius wind turbine.
Promote the use of Savonius wind turbines to
supplement the power supply in small towns and
villages
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CONTENT

Introduction

Literature Review
Design
CFD Analysis
Conclusion
Future Scope

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LITERATURE REVIEW
Sr. Author [Ref]
No
.

Findings

## The increase of wind speed, causes torque to

increase, however this necessarily need not
increase the power coefficient.

## The maximum power coefficient of 51% was

found where there was no overlap

[3]

found to be 0.8

## Among a comparison between the semicircular

and the twisted ones, the semicircular model
was found to be more efficient than the
twisted one

al. 2005 [5]

## Maximum torque is generated when blades are

at angle of 120o with wind velocity.

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CONTENT

Introduction
Literature Review

Design

CFD Analysis
Conclusion
Future Scope

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DESIGN

What are

DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
And

DESIGN METHODOLOGY

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what are the

Critical
Parameters

Pwind

Av 3
2

OR

Focus of our
study
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## Power Proportional to (Wind

Speed)3
Power Proportional to (Rotor
Diameter)2

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DESIGN
DESIGN
STEPS
To analyze existing Savonius rotor design and
performance
To modify the design of Savonius rotor
To analyze modified Savonius rotor
To design parts

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STEPS

Power (P) watts

42

0.154

0.65

Overlap ratio ()

0.15

mm

175

52.5

657.5

1620

## Rotor Aspect ratio ()

Density of air ( ) kg/m 3
Density of PVC kg/m 3
Blade thickness (t) mm

1
1.2
1420
5

THEORITICAL POWER:
Pwind

1
Av 3 Cp
2

P = 21.24 watt

ACTUAL POWER
OBTAINED:
P = 9 watt

## The Power output is much less than

expected
Optimum design configuration of Savonius rotor through wind tunnel

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## UK Saha , S Thota, D Maity (2008),

experiments , Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 96 (2008)

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STEPS

## MODIFICATION OF SAVONIUS ROTOR

Design methodology is as follows:
Determination of Blade Profile
Determination of Overlap Ratio
Determination of Rotor Diameter
Determination of Number of Blades
Selection of Blade Material

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STEPS

## Blade shape and geometry is kept

unchanged since it is found to be
efficient compared to other shapes

## Blade Shape: Semi-circular

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UK Saha (4) Optimum design configuration of Savonius rotor through wind tunnel experiments, Journal of Wind
Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 96 (2008)

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## DESIGN > DESIGN

STEPS
DETERMINATION OF OVERLAP RATIO

## From the research study we have noted that for a

Savonius rotor the optimal value for overlap is
zero.
Overlap ratio () =
0

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Gupta R.(2) Comparative study of a three bucket Savonius rotor with a combined three bucket Savonius three bladed
Darrieus rotor, Renewable Energy, (2013)

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STEPS

## DETERMINATION OF ROTOR DIAMETER

Optimum value for aspect ratio
(H/D) = 0.8
Keeping height of rotor constant we
determine the rotor diameter

D = H / 0.8
D = 1620 / 0.8
D = 2000 mm

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A Biswas et al. [3] International journal of renewable energy research, Vol.3, No.4, (2013)

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## DESIGN > DESIGN

STEPS
1.2 kg/m3

V (air velocity )

6 m/s

CD (Drag coefficient )

2.3

1

0.48 m2

## Area exposed for blade

2

0.567 m2

Drag Force
x V 2 x CD
Drag Force

on Blades FD = 0.5 x A x

14.9
6

(air density)

23.9
4

F net = 9.25
N

## Hence two blades hamper the

efficiency
UK Saha (4) Optimum design configuration of Savonius rotor through wind tunnel experiments, Journal of Wind
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STEPS

## DETERMINATION OF NUMBER OF BLADES

To overcome drawback, we suggest
to increase the number of blades to
three.
Research study concluded that
maximum drag force is experienced
when blades are 120o apart.

120o

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Md. Quamrul Islam et. al. Proceedings of the International Conference on Mechanical Engineering 2005 (ICME2005) 2830 December 2005, Dhaka, Bangladesh

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STEPS

## SELECTION OF BLADE MATERIAL

We have selected Fiber Reinforced Plastic (FRP) for
blade material
Due to following advantages it
offers

Light weight

## Complex shapes are easily accomplished

Resistant to corrosion
Resistant to fatigue damage with good damping
characteristics

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STEPS

## The most important design variables are

Tip Speed Ratio (TSR) and Coefficient of
Power (Cp)

TSR = Vtip / V
Vtip = 3.14 x D x N /60
(N) = 33 rpm for wind velocity (V) =
6 m/s [6]

TSR = 0.57

Cp = 0.21

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## Graph for Betz Limit for VAWT

[6]

JL Menet (2004), A double step Savonius rotor for the local generation of electricity: a design study, Renewable
Energy 29 (2004)

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STEPS

## ANALYSIS OF MODIFIED SAVONIUS ROTOR

Velocity

of

wind

(U)
6

m/s
Rotor Speed (N) rpm
Coeffi cient

of

33

Power
0.21

(Cp)
Tip speed ratio (TSR)
Overlap ratio ()

0.57
0

2000

1620

1.2

2.3

## Mechanical Power of Wind

Turbine Pm
P = 2 x 3.14 x N x T / 60
P = 97.26
Watt
Theoretical Power of Wind
Turbine Pt
P = 0.5 x A x x V 3 x C p
P = 88.17
Watt
Power

Power

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## DESIGN > DESIGN

STEPS
BRACKET ARM

Following
Bracket arm is
designed to
support the
blades

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CONTENT

Introduction
Literature Review
Design

CFD Analysis
Conclusion
Future Scope

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CFD ANALYSIS

## The flow analysis for the modified Savonius rotor is

done for the range of wind velocity from 2 m/s to 8
m/s
Computational domain is 5m x 5m x 15m
Flow through the Savonius rotor blade, and then exit
through the outlet that is set to environmental
conditions

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CFD ANALYSIS
SAMPLE ANALYSIS (6 m/s)
Parameter
Pressure [Pa]
Temperature [K]
Density [kg/m^3]
Velocity [m/s]
X-component of Velocity [m/s]
Y-component of Velocity [m/s]
Z-component of Velocity [m/s]
Mach Number [ ]
Heat Transfer Coefficient
[W/m^2/K]
Shear Stress [Pa]
Fluid Temperature [K]
Condensate Mass Fraction [ ]
Moisture Content [ ]
Heat Flux [W/m^2]
X-component of Heat Flux
[W/m^2]
Y-component of Heat Flux
[W/m^2]
Z-component of Heat Flux
[W/m^2]
Parameter
Heat Transfer Rate [W]
Normal Force [N]

## Shear Force [N]

Force [N]
Torque [N*m]
Surface Area [m^2]
Torque of Normal Force
[N*m]
Torque of Shear Force
[N*m]
Uniformity Index [ ]
CAD Fluid Area [m^2]

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Bul
k
Avg

Surface
area
[m^2]
0.503087
0.503087
0.503087
0.503087
0.503087
0.503087
0.503087
0.503087

Minimu
m
101295
293.216
1.19499
6
0
0
0
0

Maximu
m
101357
293.219
1.19554
6
0
0
0
0

Averag
e
101346
293.219
1.19548
6
0
0
0
0

0
1.6934E09
293.216
0
0
0

0.503637

0.423496
293.219
0
0
0

0
0.04118
91
293.219
0
0
0

0.503637

0.503637

0.503637
Surface
Zarea
component [m^2]
0
0.503637
3.64064
0.503637
0.0056483
8
0.503637
3.63499
0.503637
0.739427
0.503637

0
7.32404

Xcomponent
0
6.35504

0.006787
98
7.32448
9.02615

0.0037399
5
6.35878
-0.456129

0.503637

-0.297528

9.02499
0.001288
68
1
0.518222

-0.45663
0.0005013
44

Value

Ycomponent
0
0.0277127
0.00043045
4
0.0272823
8.98424
-3.73079E05
8.98306
0.00117918

0.503637
0.503087
0.503087
0.503087
0.503637

-0.167707

0.503637

0.73929
0.0001373
76

0.503637
0.503637
0.503087
0.518222

## Velocity on blade ( m/s ) =

4.6

RPM = 33.15
P = 2 N T/ 60
P = 2 x 3.14 x 33.15 x
9.02499 / 60

P = 31.314
Watt
This Power obtained is
greater than Power for
conventional Savonius
rotor

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CFD ANALYSIS

Air Flow
Direction

Approx
4.6 m/s

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CFD ANALYSIS
RESULTS FOR POWER GENERATION FROM
Inlet air
Velocity on
CFD ANALYSIS
Sr.
RPM

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Power Output
(Watt)

No.

Velocity
(m/s)

Blade
(m/s)

1.65

2.5

1.7

2.13

3.5

2.49

3.26

4.5

3.52

25.39

13.077

3.78

27.24

17.588

5.5

4.03

29.04

22.884

4.6

10

6.5

4.8

11

4.9

12

7.5

5.1

13

5.31

11.89
12.25
15.4
17.95
23.52

33.15
34.59
35.68
36.76
38.27

0.991
1.263
2.968
5.261
9.490

31.314
38.582
46.330
55.388
66.252

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CONTENT
Introduction
Literature Review
Design
CFD Analysis

Summary &
Conclusion
Future Scope

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## SUMMARY & CONCLUSION

The comparison between conventional Savonius wind turbine
and the modified Savonius wind turbine
Sr. No.

Parameters

Conventional Savonius
wind Turbine

Turbine

1620

thesis)
1620

350

350

Number of Blades

657.5

2000

Blade Material

PVC

FRP

6.5

5.5

0.154

0.21

10

0.65

0.69

11

Overlap Ratio ()

0.15

12

0.7

13

1.2

1.2

14
15

## Theoretical Power (Watt)

Power Output CFD Analysis

21
10

88
31

16

(Watt)
Actual Power Output (Watt)

7-8

25-28

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## SUMMARY & CONCLUSION

The results from CFD analysis are found nearly same as the
analytical calculations
From our theoretical analysis the power output for modified
design is observed to be four times the conventional design
The power output from CFD analysis shows that the power
output for modified design is three times the conventional
design
The actual power output for modified is nearly three times
of the conventional design

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## SUMMARY & CONCLUSION

FINAL SETUP & TESTING

## The Test Model at testing

plant of
Breson Energy Ltd. Pune.
The Test results have validated
the outputs achieved from our
study.

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CONTENT

Introduction
Literature Review
Design
CFD Analysis
Summary & Conclusion

Future Scope

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FUTURE SCOPE
The Savonius wind turbine can be integrated with
Solar cell systems to enhance power generation
The ducted turbine concept can be implemented for
Savonius wind turbines to further increase its power
efficiency

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[1] C.Chaudhari,S.Waghmare,A.kotwal,"Numerical analysis of venturi ducted horizontal axis wind turbine for efficent power
generation"ISSN:2320-6349
Volume(I),October2013

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## Aditya S. Kasar, Ajinkya Shetye, Prof (Dr.) Vilas B. Shinde Design

Optimization of Savonius Rotor for Wind turbine, International Journal of
Advances in Management Technology & Engineering Sciences, ISSN:
2249-7455 , Vol. II, Issue 9 (I), June 2013.

## Aditya S. Kasar, Chandan C. Chaudhari, Prof (Dr.) Vilas B. Shinde Design

and Analysis of 5 KW Savonius Rotor Blade, International Journal of
Advances in Management Technology & Engineering Sciences, ISSN:
2249-7455 ,Vol. II, Issue 10 (I), July 2013.

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## AUTHOR PUBLICATIONS & REFRENCES

[1] JL Menet (2004), A double step Savoniusrotor for the local generation of electricity: A
design study, Renewable Energy (2004)
[2] Gupta, R., Biswas, A., Sharma, K. K. (2008), Comparative study of a three bucket Savonius
rotor with a combined three bucket Savonius three bladed Darrieus rotor. Renewable
Energy.
[3] Burcin Deda Altan, Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology May 2012,Volume
26,Issue 5.
[4] UK Saha , S Thota, D Maity (2008), Optimum design configuration of Savonius rotor
through wind tunnel experiments ; Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial
Aerodynamics 96 (2008).
[5] C.Chaudhari, S.Waghmare, A.kotwal, "Numerical analysis of venturi ducted horizontal axis
wind turbine for efficient power generation ISSN:2320-6349 Volume(I),October2013
[6] Sargolazei J(2007), Prediction of power ratio and torque in wind turbine Savonius rotors
using artificial neural networks, Proceedings of the WSEAS International Conference on
Renewable Energy Sources, Arcachon, France, October Page (14-16)
[7] Wind Turbine Technology by A.R.JHA
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## AUTHOR PUBLICATIONS & REFRENCES

[8] Aerodynamics of Wind Turbines By Martin O. L.Hansen
[9] Md. I. Hassan, T.Iqbal, N. Khan, M.Hinchey, V.Masek(2009), CFD analysis of a twisted
Savonius wind turbine Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada.
[10] Kamoji. M. A, S. B. Kedare and S. V. Prabhu (2008), Experimental Investigations on the
Effect of Overlap Ratio and Blade Edge Conditions on the Performance of conventional
Savonius Rotor, Wind engineering, Volume 32, No. 2, pp 163178
[11] Manual from Breson Wind Energy System.
[12] http://sauerenergy.com/
[13] http://www.turbinesinfo.com/innovative-wind-turbines
[15] http://www.search.com/reference/Savonius_wind_turbine

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THANK YOU