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Buildings in

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[1]   §The current grandstand[edit]  The grandstand was later demolished and a new one was built further away from the old site towards near the breakwater and the Manila Bay where it stands to this day. that stood about 10 meters tall behind the stage and the central gallery. supervising architect for the Bureau of Public Works. Years later after his death. The structure was completed in 1949. formerly known as the Independence Grandstand. Juan Arellano designed the original grandstand in the neoclassical design with ornate elements added to the structure such as a triumphal arch at the top with two "wings" that shaded the main galleries. the new Independence Grandstand’s design was patterned after the Arellano-designed grandstand. representing a Filipino and a Filipina. a stage in the form of a ship’s bow with a carved figurehead of a maiden representing freedom. in time for the inauguration of President Elpidio Quirino. (including the triumphal arch) with a simpler design (without the ship bow stage and the statues) and some Art Deco influence in the canopy compared to the original.  Contrary to popular belief.The Quirino Grandstand. and two other figures. Philippines. is a grandstand located at Rizal Park. It was completed in 1946 for the ceremony of the declaration of Philippine independence from the United States on 4 July 1946. Designed by Federico Ilustre. the first Independence Grandstand was not originally located on the present site of the Quirino Grandstand but on the area close to Dewey Boulevard right across the Rizal Monument and the flagpole. Manila. the grandstand was renamed in his honor.[2] .

 Quirino Grandstand was expanded over the years to accommodate more people. and the concluding mass of 2015 Pope Francis' visit to the Philippines. It served as the main venue of the World Youth Day 1995 closing liturgy. the 2000 Millennium Celebrations in the country.[1]  The Quirino Grandstand has been the traditional venue for annual Independence Day activities as well as that of many Philippine presidential inaugurations since the 1949 Quirino inaugural.  The grandstand grounds was also the venue for the Quirino Grandstand hostage crisis which strained relations between Manila and Hong Kong for a time. In addition. and political gatherings. Work in the 1990s brought about a return to the structure’s neoclassical roots with the addition of some neoclassical elements in the expansion area. sporting. . the grandstand has also been a site for many civic. and the triumphal arch was eventually gone. religious. the 2005 Southeast Asian Games Opening and Closing Ceremonies.


The Main Building of the complex is often referred to as the Batasang Pambansa.  The complex was initially the home of the Batasang Pambansa. it replaced the bicameral Congress of the Philippines established under the 1935 Commonwealth constitution. the former parliament of the Philippines which was established as an interim assembly in 1978 and finally as an official body in 1984. Batasan Hills.  When the bicameral Congress was restored in 1987. The Batasang Pambansa Complex is the headquarters of the House of Representatives of the Philippines. Quezon City. the complex was set aside as the home of the House of Representatives. . Under the 1973 constitution. It is located at Batasan Road.

 Construction[edit]  Following the naming of Quezon City as the new capital city of the Philippines in 1948. Ilustre laid out the master plan for the location. architect Federico S. however. Ultimately. the Capitol was never completed. which was set aside to be the new home of the Congress (made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives).[1] The location was part of a larger National Government Center.[2] . only the concrete foundations and steel frame were laid out. so a newer design by the National Planning Commission under architect Anselmo Alquinto replaced the Ilustre-designed one. a cornerstone for a Capitol building was laid on Constitution Hill. The uncompleted structure sat in the area for more than a decade before being torn down. By 1963. due to lack of funding. which was meant to house the three branches of the Philippine government (legislative. and judicial). now Batasan Hills. In 1956. in Quezon City on October 22. Ilustre had also designed the buildings for the new legislative center. 1949. Public reception to the building's design was lukewarm. executive.

1978. 1978. The North and South Wing Buildings were completed in December 1977. Meanwhile.[7] . Felipe M. the plans for a legislative complex were revived. and its surrounding area.  The legislative body first convened at the Main Building on June 12. By that time. During the presidency of Ferdinand E. Marcos. a unicameral parliament. The new complex was accordingly designed to house only one legislative body.[5][6] However. the rest of the intended government buildings and public spaces around the complex were never built. the 1973 constitution had replaced the bicameral Congress with the Batasang Pambansa. Mendoza was designated as the architect of the complex. the Main Building itself finally opened on May 31.[3][4] The uncompleted structure for the Capitol building was torn down to make way for the new complex.


Manila has always been tagged as a "Convention City". Located at the reclaimed area now known as the Cultural Center of the Philippines (CCP) Complex in Pasay City (a Manila suburb). fairs. meetings. The Philippine International Convention Center (PICC) is the most modern convention center the Philippines can offer to the world. and social events. this state-of-the-art facility has been the host of numerous local and foreign conventions.  PICC is also the home of the Office of the Vice President of the Philippines.  On the presence of the PICC. .

So on September 21. For the first time.  Presidential Decree No. who was subsequently named a National Artist. . the PICC was used to house a legislative body from 1976 to 1978. 1976 on the 4th Anniversary of the birth of the Bagong Lipunan (New Society) the Batasang Bayan held its inauguration at the PICC. 520 authorized the Central Bank of the Philippines (now Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas) to construct an international conference building.  The construction of the state-of-the-art PICC Complex was undertaken in a short span of 23 months. and organize a corporation to manage a conference center. the PICC was organized under the Corporation Code. from November 1974 to September 1976. 995 created the Batasang Bayan to function as a legislative body before the Interim Batasang Pambansa convened in 1978. the PICC. Asia's first international convention center was officially opened to the world when it hosted the 1976 IMF-World Bank Meeting. Thus.  The PICC is dedicated to the task of bringing peoples and nations together and providing a place where they can meet and exchange ideas that may perhaps open doors to better world understanding and peace.  On September 5. with Leandro Locsin as architect. 1976. Presidential Decree No. acquire a suitable area for that purpose.

Equalizer. Conference Microphone System with Chairman's microphone. and special events. table microphone. flags. and whiteboard. conference pads. regional Asia Pacific. video camera . x 6 m. stand microphone. friendly. laser pointer. it caters to organizers of international. Slide to Video Converter. and local events by providing highly advanced conferencing equipment and facilities and.  As a venue of meetings. projection screen. Motorized lecterns with light & clock timer.CCTV type. lapel microphone. Convention Features  35mm Slide projector. 8 m. Voting and Audience Interaction System and Touch Screen Multi-media Kiosk. PA system. Visual Presenter (opaque and transparency projector). Portable Interpreters Booth. conferences. pencils. efficient. exhibitions. most importantly. SI equipment booth. Wireless Infrared Simultaneous Interpretation (SI System). and professional service. 67" Video Data Rear Projection Monitor. pens. TV monitor. Amplifier. VHS player multi-system. portable stage. wireless microphone. flipchart with white board.  The PICC's newly acquired conferencing equipment are AMX Integrated Remote Control System on motorized lectern. follow spotlight.  Support Facilities and Services .

 Conference                & Exhibit Offices Hospitality Center Document Distribution Center Registration Counter Post Office Technical Services Commercial Bank Foreign Exchange Counter Assistance & Info Counter Medical Clinic/Services Lost & Found Facilities or Disabled Parking Space Loading Ports Dressing Room Press Center .


cultural research. Its artistic programs include the production of performances. 1966 by President Ferdinand Marcos. Locsin would later design many of the other buildings in the CCP Complex. Leandro V. and publication of materials on Philippine art and culture.[1][2] The CCP was established through Executive Order No. Its current president is Raul Sunico. or CCP) is a government owned and controlled corporation established to preserve.[1][3] The CCP is headed by an 11-member Board of Trustees. The Cultural Center of the Philippines (Filipino: Sentrong Pangkultura ng Pilipinas. it receives an annual subsidy and is placed under the National Commission for Culture and the Arts for purposes of policy coordination.  The CCP provides performance and exhibition venues for various local and international productions at its eponymous 62-hectare (150-acre) complex located in the Cities of Pasay and Manila. outreach. 30 s. Locsin. preservation. a structure designed by National Artist for Architecture.[4] . Although an independent corporation of the Philippine government. develop and promote arts and culture in the Philippines. currently headed by Chairperson Emily Abrera. It holds its headquarters at the Tanghalang Pambansa (English: National Theatre). exhibitions. festivals.

a brass sculpture. Most of the interior is lit artificially. and entry is through a vehicular ramp in front of the raised lobby and a pedestrian side entry on its northwest side. emphasizing the large chandeliers and fluid interior spaces on northeast side of the building. there is an octagonal reflecting pool with fountains and underwater lights.[6] The building is built on a massive podium. Large areas on the upper floors are open to the ground floor lobby. The rest of the structure is clad in concrete. Visayas and Mindanao. Arturo Luz's Black and White is displayed as spectators enter the little theater or ascend to the main lobby through a massive carpeted spiral staircase. three large Capiz-shell chandeliers hang from the third floor ceiling. textured by crushed seashells originally found on the reclamation site. At the orchestra entrance. The Seven Arts by Vicente Manansala welcomes the audience into the main theater. Architecture[edit]  The façade of the National Theater is dominated by a two-storey travertine block suspended 12 meters (39 ft) high by deep concave cantilevers on three sides. Whenever possible. each symbolizing the three main geographical divisions of the Philippines: Luzon. In front of the façade and below the ramp. On the main lobby. the walls surrounding these rooms are used as additional venues for displaying art works. From the pedestrian entrance. . occupying the space created by the huge cantilevered block. as there are few windows. Galleries and other rooms surround these open areas. most of which are located along the sides of the main lobby.

Since there are usually no valet services or parking areas directly accessible from the lobby entrance. and was not intended to promote an elitist view of art and culture. [24][25] In defense of the design. Much of the criticism of the building's architecture is directed towards its vehicular ramp. the addition of the ramp) was in response to the high sea levels on the reclaimed land. who may enter through the side entrance or a narrow (and potentially hazardous) pathway on the ramp. Andy Locsin (a partner of his father's firm) explained that the decision of raising the whole structure on the podium (and consequently.[8] . the ramp's use is ideal only for audience members who are chauffeur-driven. at the expense of pedestrians.


0 meters.[3] Other basketball league tenants include the National Collegiate Athletic Association and the University Athletic Association of the Philippines. . known as The Big Dome. circuses. religious gatherings.0 meters. and it is also one of the largest clear span domes in the world. local and international concerts. However on 2014.0 meters making it the largest dome in Asia from its opening in 1960 until 2001 when it was surpassed by the Oita Stadium in Japan with a dome measuring 274. it is the main venue of the Philippine Basketball Association.[2] The Big Dome is also used for boxing. cockfighting. this record was broke by the New Singapore National Stadium that has a dome measuring 312. The dome measures approximately 108.  The Smart Araneta Coliseum is mostly used for sports such as basketball. Philippines. It is one of the largest coliseums and indoor facilities in Asia. beauty pageants and more. is an indoor multi-purpose sports arena located in the Cubao area of Quezon City. The Smart Araneta Coliseum.

 Construction of the Araneta Coliseum was started in 1957 and finished in late 1959 by Arch. In 1952.[4]  The coliseum opened on March 16. Amado Araneta. purchased a 35-hectare property in Cubao that is now the Araneta Center from Radio Corporation of America (RCA). It occupies a total land area of almost 40. General admission then was 80 centavos and the reserve section was five pesos. Filipino Engineers graduated from Mapúa Institute of Technology . Aurora Boulevard. From 1960 to 1963. Dominador Lacson Lugtu and Engr. a member of the prestigious Araneta dynasty. the Coliseum received international recognition and was recognized as the largest covered coliseum in the world.000 square meters and has a floor area of 23. Leonardo Onjunco Lugtu.000 square metres. J. which includes the Araneta family home. The property. it remains one of the largest clear span domes in the world and the largest indoor facility in Asia with a dome diameter of 108 meters. with Gabriel "Flash" Elorde boxing for the World Junior Lightweight crown from American Harold Gomes. 1960. P. . is bound by Epifanio Delos Santos Avenue. Today. Tuazon and 15th Avenue.

a game between the 1978 NBA champions Washington Bullets and a PBA selection in 1979. In 1983. Other basketball events hosted by the arena were the 1978 FIBA World Championship. the original basketball scoreboard and shot clock was replaced with a Seiko brand scoreboard that also displays the milliseconds remaining in a basketball game. and the 1982 Asian Youth Basketball Championship where the Philippines defeated China in the final.  In 1995. and the annual Binibining Pilipinas beauty pageant. the bulky basketball backboard which was used since the 1970s was replaced with a Hydra-Rib backboard. .[5]  In 1981. The Philippine Basketball Association (PBA) has played about a thousand games at the Araneta Coliseum as of 2008. the basketball court's color scheme was changed from red to yellow. Among the notable events to take place at the arena were the 11th and 34th FAMAS Awards. the 1975 "Thrilla in Manila" boxing match between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier.

The Aranetas. the parties agreed on signage contract where Shell's name and logo will be painted at the arena's basketball court. In the third quarter of 1998. Instead. a move that was almost shelved due to objections from other PBA teams (Shell owned the Shell Turbo Chargers team then in the PBA). 300 for Upper Box A and 400 for Upper Box B. the Aranetas and Pilipinas Shell (local arm of Royal Dutch Shell) started negotiations for a naming rights deal that would have lasted until 2008. . and installation of a four-sided center hung scoreboard. 200 for Lower Box. The section names were also given numerical designations: 100 for Patron section. a LED display was added on the scoreboard. the same year.[7] The coliseum was reopened on November 20. The major changes made to the coliseum is the renovation of the lower box area.[6]  In July 1999. In 2003. who wanted to retain their name at the arena rejected proposed name "Shell Coliseum at the Araneta Center". replacement of seats for the patron and lower box sections. the coliseum underwent its first major renovation at the cost of P200 million.