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China 7.

2

Lesson #2
“China’s First Civilizations”

Section #1
Life in Ancient China

Question # 1
What do you call a group of
people that share a similar
position in society?
Answer:
A social class

Question # 2
What are the three levels main parts
of China’s social class system?

Answer:
Landowning aristocrats
Peasant farmers

Question # 3
Approximately what percent of
people were farmers in Ancient
China?
Answer:
About 90% (9 out of 10)

Question # 4
What were three of China’s main crops?

Answer:
Wheat, rice and millet

Question # 5
Why did aristocrat landowners in China
own LESS land than their fathers and
grandfathers?

Answer:
Each generation would divide the
land into parts for their sons to own.

Question # 6
Why did farmers have to give part of
their crops to the aristocrats?

Answer:
The aristocrats owned the land
that the farmers grew the crops on.

Question # 7
What occupations made up the
“merchant” class in China’s
society?
Answer:
Shopkeepers, traders and bankers

Question # 8
Why did people have large families
in China?
Answer:
They needed many people to
work on the farms.

Question # 9
What did farmers do in order to be
able to use the land on the
mountainside for farming?
Answer:
Built terraces

Question # 10
What do you call the flat areas cut
into the sides of mountains (like
steps) that help keep the soil from
eroding?
Answer:
terraces

Question # 11
How else did terraces help
farmers?
Answer:
The farmers used the water from
the terraces to water the crops.

Question # 12
Who was valued more in Chinese
society, men or women?
Answer:
men

Question #13
What does the term filial piety mean?

Answer:
Children had to respect their
parents and older relatives and do

Question # 14
Who was the head of the family
in China?
Answer:
The oldest male

Question #15
Who would take over if the head
of the family passed on?
Answer:
The next oldest male

Section #2
Chinese Thinkers

Question #
What event caused the Chinese
people to seek ways to make their
society more peaceful?
Answer:
The Period of the Warring States

Question #
What were the 3 major theories that
Chinese thinkers developed in order
to create a peaceful society?
Answer:
Who was China’s first great thinker
and teacher?

Question #
This philosophy taught that all men
with a talent for governing should
take part in government.
Answer:
Confucianism

Question #
Which Chinese philosophy believed
that people should put the needs of
their family and community first?
Answer:
Confucianism

Question #
Which philosophy believed that
people should give up worldly
desires in favor of nature and the
Dao?
Answer:
Daoism

Question #
Which Chinese philosophy believed
that society needed a system of
harsh and strict punishment?
Answer:
Legalism

Question #
What is another name for Daoism?

Answer:
Taoism

Question #
Which Chinese philosophy was
developed by Laozi?
Answer:
Daoism

Question #
Which Chinese philosophy was
developed based on the teachings
of Hanfeizi?
Answer:
Legalism

Question #
Which Chinese philosophy
taught that humans were
naturally evil.
Answer:
Legalism

Question #
Which Chinese philosophy did
the aristocrats like the best?

Answer:
Legalism

Question #
Why did aristocrats like
Legalism?

Answer:
It favored using force and power
and did not expect rulers to show

Question #
What are the three major theories
about how to create a more peaceful
society in China?
Answer:
Confucianism, Daoism and
Legalism.