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Journe Nationale de rflexion et prospective sur les systmes embarqus

17 JUIN 2003

Presented by

Airbus Flight Control Systems


and future evolutions
Jean-Philippe BEAUJARD
Fight Control System Team Leader on A400M program

c AIRBUS FRANCE 2003

- All rights reserved

AIRBUS FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEMS

Contents
Evolution of Airbus Flight Controls
A view of the future

AIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Tous droits rservs. Document confidentiel.

system

architecture
avionics
specifications
software

Evolution of Airbus Flight Controls

AIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Tous droits rservs. Document confidentiel.

In the Early Days ...

FARMAN F60 GOLIATH 1st flight 1919

Evolution of Airbus Flight Controls


Mechanical Flight Controls

AIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Tous droits rservs. Document confidentiel.

ARMAGNAC 1st flight 1949

Evolution of Airbus Flight Controls

AIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Tous droits rservs. Document confidentiel.

1st Hydro-mechanical servo controls

CARAVELLE 1st flight May 1955

Hy

Hy
Hy

Evolution of Airbus Flight Controls


1st Electrical Flight Controls

Bloc
diagrams
Written by
ELLIOTT AVIONICS
(equipment supplier)
and Sud Aviation

AIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Tous droits rservs. Document confidentiel.

(automatic pilot and


manual flight controls)

CONCORDE 1st flight 1969

Analogic computers
Hy

Hy
Hy

Evolution of Airbus Flight Controls


2nd generation of
Electrical Flight Controls March 1984

formal
specs

Written by
AIRBUS
(aircraft manufacturer)

Hy
Hy

Hy

AIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Tous droits rservs. Document confidentiel.

(automatic pilot and


manual flight controls)

A320

1st flight Feb 1987

Digital computers
HY3
HY1

AIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Tous droits rservs. Document confidentiel.

Evolution of Airbus Flight Controls

SINCE EARLY
80 s

Evolution of Airbus Flight Controls


Full Electrical Flight Controls 1997

Hy

Hy

Hy Hy

AIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Tous droits rservs. Document confidentiel.

Hy
Hy

A340-600

HY3
HY1

1st flight Apr 2001

Digital computers

formal
specs

Written by
AIRBUS
(aircraft manufacturer)

Evolution of Airbus Flight Controls


A380 SPACE SHIP 2001

formal
specs

Written by
AIRBUS
(aircraft manufacturer)

Hy
Hy

Hy

Hy
AIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Tous droits rservs. Document confidentiel.

Hy
Hy

Digital computers
HY1

These bloc diagrams were the genetical origin of SAO/SCADE

AIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Tous droits rservs. Document confidentiel.

Written by
ELLIOTT AVIONICS
(equipment supplier)

Evolution of Airbus Flight Controls


1st Airbus aircraft

May 1969

Bloc
diagrams
Written by
SFENA
(equipment supplier)

(automatic pilot)
Hy

Hy

Hy

AIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Tous droits rservs. Document confidentiel.

Hy

A300 B1

1st flight Oct 1972

Analogic computers
HY3
HY2
HY1

Evolution of Airbus Flight Controls


1st Embedded Software 1982
Bloc
diagrams
Written by
AEROSPATIALE
(aircraft manufacturer)

(automatic pilot)
Hy

Hy

AIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Tous droits rservs. Document confidentiel.

Hy

Hy

A310

1st flight 1984

First Digital computers


HY3
HY2
HY1

AIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Tous droits rservs. Document confidentiel.

Written by
AIRBUS
(aircraft manufacturer)

A view of the future


Reduce weight again and again
Electronic Volumes
70

COMPLEXITY

60
50
40
30
20
10

AIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Tous droits rservs. Document confidentiel.

A310

A320

A340

A380 A400M

smart actuator

smart side-stick

active control laws


HY1

A view of the future


Minimize interfaces
multiplexed buses

Blue input is used in laws every


d +j1 seconds (j1 is variable)

minimize input-output jitters


d

AIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Tous droits rservs. Document confidentiel.

minimize delays

A view of the future


Move from specification reviews to analysis
MATHEMATICAL
PROOF CAN BE
REPEATED AND
CHECKED BY
OTHERS

3000
SCADE
sheets

AIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Tous droits rservs. Document confidentiel.

FCTL SPECIFICATION

Prooved
Prooved
Prooved
Prooved
Prooved
Prooved
Prooved
Prooved
component
Flare
law
component
component
Flare
Flare
law
law
component
Flare
law
component
component
component
component
17

A380 FLARE LAW

Prooved
Prooved
Flare
Flarelaw
law
component
component

A view of the future


Get your software in the box within a day
NODES

NODES

NODES

AUTOMATIC CODE GENERATOR

AIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Tous droits rservs. Document confidentiel.

QUALIFIED

CODE

NODES

A view of the future


Theory
We need a theory to support the design of complex systems mixing
sampled booleans, integers and real values,
So, our designs can integrate structures that are easier to analyse
automatically,
And use structures that ease determinism.

AIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Tous droits rservs. Document confidentiel.

Keep your complex system safe and simple.

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FRANCE S.A.S. Aucun droit de proprit intellectuelle nest
accord par la communication du prsent document ou son
contenu. Ce document ne doit pas tre reproduit ou
communiqu un tiers sans lautorisation expresse et crite
dAIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Ce document et son contenu ne
doivent pas tre utiliss dautres fins que celles qui sont
autorises.

AIRBUS FRANCE S.A.S. Tous droits rservs. Document confidentiel.

Les dclarations faites dans ce document ne constituent pas


une offre commerciale. Elles sont bases sur les postulats
indiqus et sont exprimes de bonne foi. Si les motifs de ces
dclarations ntaient pas dmontrs, AIRBUS FRANCE
S.A.S serait prt en expliquer les fondements.