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•To express the idea that an action is repeated or usual.

• To indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true ,is true, and will be true.
•It is also used to make generalizations about people or things.
•To talk about scheduled events in the near future
Afirmative Negative sentence Questions Shorts answers
sentence
•You speak •You don´t speak •Do you speak? •No/ Yes, I do/ don´t
•She speaks •She doesn´t speak •Does she speak? •No/ Yes, she does/ doesn´t
•To express the idea that something is happening now.
•To say that we are in the process of doing a longer action which is in progress
•To indicate that something will or will not happen in the near future.
•With words such as "always" or "constantly" expresses the idea that something irritating or
shocking often happens
Afirmative sentence Negative sentence Questions Shorts answers

•I´m watching •I´m not watching •Am I watching? •No/Yes, I´m not/I´m
•He is watching •He isn´t watching •Is he watching? •No/Yes, He isn´t/He is
•To express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past.
•To list a series of completed actions in the past.
•Can be used with a duration which starts and stops in the past.
•To describe a habit which stopped in the past.
•To describe past facts or generalizations which are no longer true.
Afirmative sentence Negative sentence Questions Shorts answers

•We called •We didn´t call •Did we call? No/Yes, we didn´t/we did
•It called •It didn´t call •Did it call? No/Yes, it didn´t/ it did
•To indicate that a longer action in the past was interrupted by a shorter action in the Past S.
•To express the idea that both actions were happening at the same time.
•To describe the atmosphere at a particular time in the past.
•With words such as "always" or "constantly" expresses the idea that something irritating or
shocking often happened in the past.

Afirmative sentence Negative sentence Questions Shorts answers

•You were studing •You weren´t studying •Were you studying? •No/Yes,You weren´t/You
•She was studing •She wasn´t studying •Was she studying? were
•No/Yes, She wasn´t/She was
•To say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now.
•To show that something started in the past and has continued up until now.
Afirmative Negative sentence Questions Shorts answers
sentence
•We have seen •We haven´t seen •Have we seen? •No/Yes, We haven´t/ We have
•He has seen •He hasn´t seen •Has he seeen? •No/Yes, He hasn´t/ He has
•To expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past.
•To show that something started in the past and continued up until another action in the past.

Afirmative sentence Negative sentence Questions Shorts answers

I had studied I hadn´t studied Had I studied? No/Yes, I had /I hadn´t
It had studied It hadn´t studied Had it studied? No/Yes, It had / It hadn´t
•Uses •Predictions, decisions at the time of speaking

• Promises, Offer help
•Will •Affirmative: I wil study
•Negative: I wont study
• Question: Will I study?
• Answer: No/Yes, I wont /I will

•Uses •To express a plan or a intention
• Going to •Predictions based on present evidence
•Affirmative: I´m going to study.
•Negative:I´m not going to study.
•Question:Am I going to study?
•Answers:No/Yes, I´m not going/I´m going.

•Present continuous
• General truths
•Zero • If + subject+ present simple, subject+ present simple
conditional •Mobiles don´t work if there´s no signal

•Probable event in the future
• First •If + subject + present simple, subject + will/ wont + infinitive
conditional • He will be sick if he eats to many sweets
• Imaginary situation because it´s imposible
• Second • If + subject+ past simple, subject + would + infinitive
Conditional • I would be very happy, If passed the exam.
• Active • Passive • British people speak english
Object(Indirect) Subject(by+ active subject)
Subject Agent • English is spoken by the British people

• When we speak of process
• Uses
• When the subject isn´t important