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Tsunami 2004

Tsunami 2004

BY:
Presentation by:
Gayatri Wable
and Vasudha Dubey
Gayatri
S. CFIB17
Wable(CFIB17
CMF22
&
Vasudha Dubey(CMF-22)

What is a
Disaster???
??

.Tsunami It is a series of water waves caused by the displacement of a large volume of a body of water. glacier calving. volcanic eruptions and other underwater explosions (including detonations of underwater nuclear devices). typically an ocean or a large lake. landslides. Earthquakes. meteorite impacts and other disturbances above or below water all have the potential to generate a tsunami.

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within several hours of the initial event.0 magnitude (for 8 to 10 minutes) quake created a series of tsunamis that caused great destruction and loss of life throughout the Indian Ocean basin. 2004. . The earthquake generated a disastrous tsunami that caused destruction in 11 countries bordering the Indian Ocean. The 9. the greatest earthquake in 40 years occurred about 150 kilometres off the west coast of northern Sumatra Island in Indian Ocean just off the coast of Indonesia.2004 Tsunami 2004 Tsunami On December 26.

0 magnitude (for 8 to 10 minutes) quake created a series of tsunamis that caused great destruction and loss of life throughout the Indian Ocean basin. The earthquake generated a disastrous tsunami that caused destruction in 11 countries bordering the Indian Ocean. . The 9.2004 Tsunami On December 26. 2004. the greatest earthquake in 40 years occurred about 150 kilometres off the west coast of northern Sumatra Island in Indian Ocean just off the coast of Indonesia. within several hours of the initial event.

at 00:58:50 UTC (6:58:50 a.Origin Time and Epicentre The great tsunamigenic earthquake occurred on Sunday.298 N.m. local time). 26 December 2004. .779 E and its focal depth was very shallow (much less than 33 km possibly about 10km). The epicentre was at 3. 95.

No Tsunami Warning System exists for the Indian Ocean as there is for the Pacific.No Tsunami Warning Issued The large tsunami which struck 11 of the nations that border the Indian Ocean was a complete surprise for the people living there. There was no established communications network or organizational infrastructure to pass a warning of any kind to the people coastlines. . but there was no tide gauges or other wave sensors to provide confirmation as to whether a tsunami had been generated. Many seismic networks recorded the massive earthquake. but not for the scientists who are aware of the tectonic interactions in the region.

DEATH TOLL .

Situation Data .

On the western coast of India' mainland. .000. Along India's south-eastern coast. Hardest hit were the Andaman and Nicobar Islands which were close to the tsunami generating area. and thousands of fishermen at sea were missing.000 more are missing. several villages were swept away.The estimated number of casualties in India is 16. hardest hit was the state of Tamil Nadu. but at least 6. It is expected that the death toll will rise.

One fifth of the population of the Nicobar Islands is said to be dead. injured or missing. .500.Andaman and Nicobar Island The tsunami hit hard the Andaman and Nicobar group which comprises of a total of 572 islands of which 38 were significantly inhabited. The maximum tsunami wave reached a height of 15m. Chowra Island lost two thirds of its population of 1.

West Godavari and East Godavari. The affected districts were Krishna. Prakasam.Andhra Pradesh There was significant loss of life and destruction. . Guntur. Nellore.

Alappuzha (32) and Ernakulam (5) were also affected.Kerala The tsunami killed many people (official toll 168) and caused extensive destruction particularly at Kollam (131 dead). .

000 people were rendered homeless .Pondicherry In the Union territory of Pondicherry. . An estimated 30. The latest official toll was 560. the affected districts were Pondicherry (107 dead). Karaikal (453 dead).

Thoothukudi (3). Thanjavur (22). Tirunelveli (4). The death tolls in other districts were Pudukkottai (15). . the state capital Chennai 206 and Kancheepuram district 124.793. Cuddalore district 599. The nuclear power plant at Kalpakkam was shut down after sea water rushed into a pump station. Kanyakumari district has had 808 deaths.Tamil Nadu The tsunami had a great impact on the state of Tamil Nadu on India's mainland with entire coastal villages destroyed. The Nagapattinam district had 5. No radiation leak or damage to the reactor was reported. The overall death toll in the state was 7. The latest reported death toll at Velankanni was 1. Tiruvallur (28). Ramanathapuram (6).525 casualties. Tiruvarur (10) and Viluppuram (47).500.

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and electricity infrastructure.OVERALL LOSS Total damages are estimated to be US$470 million. Of these losses. schools. 62% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Severe damage was caused to houses. water and sanitation. transport and communication equipment. or about 8% of the replacement cost of the national capital stock. boats and other fishing equipment. tourist resorts. direct losses are US$298 million . health facilities. .

.For those injured in the disaster. A sum of Rs 10.00.1. State Government of Tamil Nadu : -The Chief Minister has announced a payment of Rs.000 for the families of the deceased. 895.000 to enable the homeless to reconstruct houses. State Government of Kerala :-Assistance of Rs.000 (one lakh) to the families of each of the victims. the administration would provide Rs 5000.Rescue & Recovery An amount of Rs.42 crore has been earmarked for Tsunami Relief and Rehabilitation Schemes. 10. to meet the funeral expenses. Union Territory of Pondicherry :.

Bibliography Wikipedia Slideshare Google Images .