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Tracking B

Simultaneous Equations Grade B

Learning Objective:
- To be able to solve simultaneous
equations graphically and by elimination
Key words: simultaneous equation, graph, elimination,
plot, substitute

Challenge:
Can you solve this pair of simultaneous
equations?

4x + 2y = 14
6x – 3y = 3
Try it for yourself...
Another method
4x + 2y = 14
6x – 3y = 3

All simultaneous equations are actually


equations of straight lines.
Graphical Solution of Simultaneous Equations
y
10
Use the graphs to solve
x + 2y = 14 9 the following
8 simultaneous equations.
7

2x + y = -8 6 x–y=2 1. x - y = 2 and 2x + y = - 8
5

4
x = -2, y = - 4
3
2
2. x + 2y = 14 and y = x + 7
1
x = 0, y = 7
-10 -9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 x
-1
y =x+7 3. y = 3x - 10 and x – y = 2
-2
-3 x = 4, y = 2
-4
y = 3x - 10
-5 4. 2x + y = - 8 and y = x + 7
-6
-7
x = -5, y = 2
-8
-9
5. y = x + 7 and x + 2y = 14
-10
x = 0, y = 7
4x + 2y = 14
2y = 14 – 4x
y = 7 – 2x
6x – 3y = 3
6x = 3 + 3y
6x – 3 = 3y
2x – 1 = y
How do you plot these lines?