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Overview of

Environmental
Management System

Presented ByJhumoor Biswas

Definition

Environment : Surroundings in which an organization operates,


including Air, Water, Natural resources, Flora, Fauna, Humans and
their interrelation

Management : The act or art of managing : the conducting of


supervising of something. (as a business)

System : A regularly interacting or interdependent group of items


forming a unified whole.

Environment Management System : Part of an organizations


management system used to develop and implement its
environmental policy and manage its environmental aspects.

Management System : It is a set of interrelated elements used to


establish policy and objectives and to achieve those objectives. It
includes
organization
structures,
Planning
activities,
Responsibilities, Practices, Procedure, Processes, and resources.

Continual Improvement

P
A
P

A
P

C
D

Complexity

C
D

D
C

Time

EMS Elements According to


ISO 14001
Continual Improvement

Planning
Env. Aspect
Legal & Other
Requirement
Objective,
Target,
Programme

Management
Review

Checking Corrective Action


Monitoring & Measurement,
Evaluation of Compliances,
Non Compliances,
Corrective and Preventive
Action,
Record,
Internal audit

Environmental
Policy

Implement & Operation


Resources.
Role, Responsibility &
Authority.
Training Awareness &
Competence
(Communication,
EMS Documentation,
Document Control,
Operational Control,
Emergency Preparedness
And Responses)

Development of ISO 14001

Developed by ISO Tech Committee 207 over 5 years.

Considered BS 7750 Model.

Published in September 1996; updated 2004.

EMAS 1 Developed also considering BS 7750

EMAS 2 Developed considering ISO 14001

The ISO 14000 Series


Area

Standard

Title

Environmental Management
Systems Requirements

ISO 14001 : 2004

Environmental Management
Systems Requirements with
guidance for use.

Additional Guidance on
Environmental Management
System

ISO 14004 : 2004

Environmental Management
Systems
- General Guidelines on
Principles, Systems and
Supporting Technique.

EMS Auditing

ISO 19011 : 2002

Guidelines for Quality and


or Environmental
Management System
auditing.

.Cont..
Area

Standard

Title

Site Assessments

ISO 14015 : 2001

Environmental Management
- Environmental
Assessment of Sites &
Organization

Environmental Labeling

ISO 14020 : 2000

Environmental Labels and


declaration
- General Principle

Environmental Performance
Evaluation

ISO 14031 : 1999

Environmental
Management
Environmental Performance
Evaluation - Guidelines

.Cont..
Area

Standard

Title

Life Cycle Assessment

ISO 14040 : 1997

Environmental Management
Life Cycle Assessment
Principles and Framework

Product Design

ISO / TR 14062 : 2002

Environmental Management
Integrating Environmental
Aspects development

Environmental
Communication

ISO 14063

Environmental ManagementEnvironmental
Communication Guidelines
and examples

(Under Development)

.Cont..
Area

Greenhouse Gases

Standard

Title

ISO 14064

Specifications for
quantification and reporting
of greenhouse gas
emissions and validation
and verification of
assertions

ISO 14065
(Under Development)

ISO 14001 The New


Version

ISO 14001 : 1996 has been under revision by ISO TC 207


since 2000
Objectives of the revision were
Clarification
Compatibility with 9001 : 2000
No new requirement
ISO 14001 : 2004 is similar to ISO 14001 : 1996
But there are new requirements
Some changes may have significant impacts to some
organization

Benefits of EMS

Assurance to Customers.
Good Public or Community Relation.
Access to Capital.
Enhancing Image and Market Share.
Vendor Certification Criteria.
Improving Cost Control.
Reducing Liability.
Conserving Material and Energy.
Obtaining Permits or Authorizations.
Improving Government Industry Relation.

Other Management Systems

Two other standards in particular have had significant


influence on the development of ISO 14000 series.
BS 7750 The British Standard Institutes specification for
Environment Management System
EMAS The European communities Eco Management and
Audit Scheme .

BS 7750

BS 7750 published in March 1992.


BS 7750 shares common management system principals
with BS 5750 (quality management).
Designed to be compatible with EMAS.
Was a major influence on the development of ISO 14001.
According to the terms of the Vienna Agreement (between
the European Union and the ISO) competing National
Standard must be withdrawn.
BS 7750 has now been withdrawn

EMAS

EMAS adopted June 29 1993, effective April 1995.


Major difference with ISO 14001 is the requirement for an
Environmental Statements.
ISO 14001has now been accepted by European union for
the purpose of EMS
For sites located in Europe there are requirements in
addition to those of ISO 14001
These do not apply to sites outsides of Europe

Why ISO 14000

Credibility- Developed by consensus


Recognition- ISO standards used and recognized around
the world
Voluntary- Implement only I there is enough benefit to
make it attractive
System based- Organization set their own performance
requirements
Flexibility- Designed to facilitate innovation and allows
companies to use or adopt what they already have in place
Wide Applicability- Intended to organizations of all types
and sizes regardless of where they are located