Outline

 Introduction
 Significance of the project
 Literature Reviews
 Commonly Used Methods
 My Task
 Software to be Used
 Expected Timelines and Milestones

and Hail. and COS) are found in Abu Dhabi gas fields such as Shah. Hydrogen Sulfide is highly toxic and deadly if inhaled at even low concentrations.Introduction  A large amount of impurities such as Hydrogen Sulfide and Carbon dioxide with other contaminants (e. Bab Arab.  There has always been a steady need to keep increasing Abu Dhabi’s gas production over the years. Carbon dioxide is nonflammable and thus decreases the heating value of the gas when present in large amounts.  Health-wise.g.  Despite a wealth of experience gleaned from several decades of acid gas removal. . N2.. there is still a need for new energy-efficient process formulations to fit the challenging demands.

 It would also make readily available acid gases for injection into oil wells for EOR operations.Significance of the project  This project is expected to fulfill long term and strategic objectives of increasing the sweet gas production for local consumption and exportation. .  Therefore developing efficient ways to treat highly sour gas will significantly impact positively on the Abu Dhabi and the scientific community at large.

g. Most of these investigations focus on mixing 1o and 3o amines (e.Literature Reviews  GASCO has been running Habshan gas sweetening units that treat gas streams with up to 10% H2S. DEA/MDEA). The amine used in this unit is MDEA at 45% wt.  The idea behind this mixing is to benefit the sweetening process from the high reactivity of the 1o and 2o amines and the low energy requirement of tertiary amines. . MEA/MDEA) or 2o and 3o amines (e.  Recent researches have focused on investigating the mixing of different amine solvents and optimization.g.

This is good for controlled CO2 removal. This is because of emerging internal and external conditions that tend to squeeze profit margins of conventional process.  This was done by changing sour gas stream concentrations with respect to the concentration of various amines using simulation tools.Literature Reviews  MDEA is used for selective H2S removal because MDEA does not react directly with CO2 unlike DEA. .  Process retrofit is now becoming an integral part of existing industrial processes. but becomes a disadvantage for complete acid gas removal.  Optimization work to study the effect of using various types of amine and amine blends on the amine plant performance had been studied.

DEA.) which can meet much tighter product gas specifications and are always preferred for lower CO2 partial pressures in feed gas. MEA.  Membranes(also used for high pressure gas applications) is a pressure driven mass transfer process. selexol.g.  Physical Absorption /Physical Solvents (e. Rectisol) are suitable for high pressure gas. propylene carbonate.g.Commonly Used Methods  Chemical Absorption/Chemical Solvents (e. MDEA. N-Methyl-2-Pyrrolidone(NMP) .  Mixed amines systems are being applied of recent especially when its desirable to remove as much CO2 as H2S from sour gas streams. .

Chemical Absorption by Amine .

Abu Dhabi existing Habshan gas plants’ scenario Sour gas H2S ~ 7 % CO2 ~ 6 % Sweet gas H2S ~ 20 ppm CO2 ~ 2 % New Challenge Highly sour gas: High H2S + CO2 .

My Task… This research will basically look at.  Mixing of different amine solvents.  Efficient ways of energy integration.  Optimizing all the process operating conditions to come up with an efficient solution to deal with these effects .

Texas will be employed.  This simulator has a wide thermodynamic database and amine sweetening module’s flexibility. .Software to be Used  Process simulator tool ProMax developed by Bryan Research & Engineering ( BR&E).

Typical Amine Sweetening Unit .

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