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Lesson: Insect


What is Scientific Classification?

Scientific Classification is a system
used to classify all living things
through a breakdown starting with
the largest grouping called a
Kingdom and continuing down to the
smallest grouping called Individual.

number of wings.  .  Identification of insect orders aids in prevention and management plans. Insects with similar characteristics. etc. mouthparts. are placed in a group with other insects that possess the same characteristics.Why is Scientific Classification used in the identification of insects? Insects can be placed into groupings based upon their physical characteristics.

Scientific Classification  Kingdom  Phylum  Class  Order  Family  Genus  Species .

The Phylum Arthropoda is characterized by having segmented bodies and jointed appendages. Phylum Arthropoda. .Where do Insects fit?  Insects belong in the Kindgom Animalia.

multiple body segments Class #3. five pairs of jointed appendages Class #5.• 5 Classes of Arthropods      Class #1.DiplapodaMillipedes.Hexapoda: Insects. four pairs of jointed appendages . six. jointed appendages Class #2. two pairs of legs per body segment. multiple body segments Class #4.ChilopodaCentipedes.Spiders.CrustaceaCrayfish. one pair of legs per body segment.Arachnida.

sixteen of which are considered of economic importance to agriculturists.• There are 31 different orders of insects in the class Hexapoda. The sixteen orders are:         Orthoptera Hemiptera Homoptera Coleoptera Lepidoptera Diptera Hymenoptera Odonata trevor was here • • • • • • • • Neuroptera Thysanura Isoptera Siphonaptera Phthiraptera Thysanoptera Dermaptera Blattodea .

000 species worldwide. .Orthoptera Includes: Indian House Crickets Field Cricket Short-horned Grasshoppers Katydid (Long-horned Grasshoppers) Mouthparts: Chewing Metamorphosis: Incomplete Metamorphosis Damage: Chewing leaves. Over 20. Fun Facts: Many produce sound through stridulating. Crop grains.

Hemiptera – True Bugs Includes: Assassin bugs Kissing bugs Leaf-footed bug Lygus bug Stink bug Minute pirate bug Big-eyed bug Damsel bug Mouthparts: Piercing-Sucking Metamorphosis: Incomplete Metamorphosis Fun Facts: All of the true “bugs” are in this order. . Most have a common v shape on their shield.

Homoptera Includes: Cicadas Aphids Armored scales Cottony cushion scale Cochineal scale Leafhoppers Treehoppers Whiteflies Mouthparts: Sucking Metamorphosis: Generally incomplete Fun Facts: Cochineal scales are used in makeup products for the red color. .

Coleopter a Beetles and Weevils Includes: Blister beetle Boll weevil Collops beetle Darkling beetle (Pinacate or Eleodes beetle) Dermestid beetle Dung beetle Fig beetle Flea beetle Lady beetle (Ladybird beetle/ Ladybug) Long-horned beetle (roundheaded wood borer) Palo Verde root borer Metallic wood borer (flat-headed borer) White grub (Scarab beetle larva) 10 Striped June beetle Mouthparts: Chewing.Piercing Sucking Metamorphosis: Complete Metamophosis Fun Facts: Coleoptera means sheath wing. . Weevil.

. Siphoning – adult.Lepidoptera Includes: Butterflies and Moths Bagworm • Two-tailed Swallowtail • Budworm/Bollworm • Pink Bollworm • Grape-leaf Skeletonizer • Salt Marsh Caterpillar • Tomato Hornworm • Sphinx Moth • Monarch • Checkered skipper Mouthparts: Chewing – Caterpillars. Metamorphosis: Complete Metamorphosis Fun Facts: The largest butterfly is the Birdwings that have 11in wingspans.

Piercing suckingMosquito Metamorphosis: Complete Metamophosis Facts: Are common vectors of disease. Midges. Mosquito House fly Crane fly Syrphid or hover fly Bee fly Tachinid fly Bot fly Deer fly Mosquito Gall Midge Mouthparts: Sponging. .Diptera Includes: Flies.

Ants Horntail wasp Sawfly Gall wasps Honey bee Leaf-cutter bee Carpenter bee Bumble bee Harvester ant Leaf-cutter ant Fire ant Velvet Ant (mutillid) Paper wasp Ichneumon wasp Thread-waisted wasp Tarantula hawk (spider wasp) Mouthparts: Chewing-Lapping Metamorphosis: Complete Metamophosis Facts: Contain all the social insects except termites. .Hymenoptera Includes: Bees. Wasps.

Odonata Includes: Dragonfly. Have been around 300 million years. . After leaving the water they only live a month. Damselfly Mouthparts: Chewing-Lapping Metamorphosis: Complete Metamorphosis Facts: Live in the water the first year of their lives.

Antlions creat a sand pit to capture unsuspecting prey.Neuroptera Includes: Green Lacewing Antlion Mouthparts: Metamorphosis: Complete Metamorphosis Facts: Both are beneficial insects. .

Includes: Silverfish Firebrat Springtail Mouthparts: Chewing Metamorphosis: Incomplete Metamorphosis Facts: Like to lay their eggs in books and wall paper because of the paper and glue. Thysanura  . Live 3-5 years Most primitive of all insects.

Recycle wood in the soil. Found in every US state except Alaska.Isoptera Includes: • Dry-wood termite Subterranean termite Mouthparts: Chewing Mouthparts Metamorphosis: Incomplete Metamorphosis Facts: Live for 15 years. Can destroy a house in 2-3 years. Lay 1 egg every 15 seconds Eat wood. • .

Can jump 100 times their own length.Includes: Cat and dog flea Mouthparts: Piercing Sucking Metamorphosis: Complete Metamorphosis Facts: Fleas can live 100 days without feeding. Siphonaptera . Been around more than 100 million years. Females can consume more than 15 times their body weight daily.

Wingless. Do not fly or jump  • Phthiraptera Formally Anoplura and Mallophaga . Includes: Lice ◦ Chewing Louse ◦ Sucking Louse        Mouthparts: Chewing and Piercing-Sucking Metamorphosis: Incomplete Metamorphosis Facts: Sucking lice feed continuously on blood Chewing lice feed on hair and feathers of animals and humans.

DO NOT live in the water pipes.Includes: Cockroaches  American Cockroach  Brown-banded cockroach  Desert Cockroach  Turkish Cockroach  German Cockroach Mouthparts: Chewing Mouthparts Metamorphosis:  Complete Metamorphosis Facts:  Typically Live outside  Walk inside. Blattodea .

Oldest known fossil dates back to Jurassic period.           Includes: Earwigs Earwig Mouthparts: Chewing Mouthparts Metamorphosis: Incomplete Metamorphosis Facts: Like humid. Release a foul smelling liquid up to 4in away. dark areas. • Dermaptera .

   • Thysanoptera .  Multiples of this pest are still called Thrip. citrus and onions.  Includes: Thrip Thrip   Mouthparts: Rasping-Sucking Mouthparts   Metamorphosis: Complete Metamorphosis Facts: Common Pests on flowers.

Ticket Out list 1 insect order 2-5 insects in that order mouthparts in that order lifecycles in that order .