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Project coordinator
MR. Dinesh Dubey
Asst. Prof. (mech)


The entire system conveys burnt gases from the engine and includes one or more exhaust pipes. depending on the overall system design. • A car's exhaust system is responsible for transporting the burned exhaust. or combustion gases. • An exhaust system is usually tubing used to guide reaction exhaust gases away from a controlled combustion inside an engine . .Introduction • Exhaust gas or flue gases is emitted as a result of the combustion of fuels such as petrol. from its engine and out through the tail pipe. diesel or fuel oil.

Components of exhaust system The exhaust system may essentially consist of the following components: • Exhaust Manifold • Exhaust Pipes • Catalytic Converter • Muffler • The Tail Pipe .

Components .

. High-temperature strength. • Due to high temperatures.Exhaust Manifold An Exhaust Manifold is the upper end of the exhaust system. • It is attached directly to the side of the engine and is the first part of the exhaust system to receive the burned exhaust gases from the car's engine. • The exhaust manifold burns any fuel that was inadequately burned by the engine and funnels it down into the main exhaust system. Thermal fatigue properties are required. Excellent oxidation resistance.

• The pipes are used to create an effectively sealed pathway.Exhaust Pipes • The exhaust pipes are responsible for transporting the burned exhaust gases from the engine and the exhaust manifold and funneling them towards the car's tailpipe. . • It can be metal or aluminum.

TYPES OF PIPES There are basically two types: ■ Regular pipe ■ Flexible pipe Regular exhaust pipe is solid. typically available in straight lengths. effective way to seal overlapping pipes. The exhaust system may be sealed by welding joints or using exhaust clamps as a simple. . bent configurations and elbows. Flexible exhaust pipe is flexible enough to bend with road conditions and accommodate thermal expansion of the system.

• Carbon monoxide -formed by the combustion of gasoline.created when the heat in the engine forces nitrogen in the air to combine with oxygen . • Hydrocarbons .Catalytic Converter  A catalytic converter is a device that uses a catalyst to convert three harmful compounds in car exhaust into harmless the form of unburned gasoline. • Nitrogen oxides . .

Different Catalysts  There are two different types of catalyst at work • Reduction Catalyst .first stage It uses platinum and rhodium to help reduce the NOx emissions. Example 2NO => N2 + O2 or 2NO2 => N2 + 2O2 • Oxidation Catalyst -second stage It uses platinum and palladium to help reduce the unburned hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide by burning (oxidizing) them. Example 2CO + O2 => 2CO2 .

Pollutants from Car Exhaust • CO — carbon monoxide. The main source of CO in cities is the internal combustion engine. • HC — hydrocarbons. Much of the hydrocarbon fuel passes through the process unconsumed and is expelled into the atmosphere along with other exhaust fumes. The internal combustion engine contributes to the increased concentrations of CO2 in the atmosphere. • Other pollutants such as C6H6 — Benzene and its derivatives and • SO2 — sulphur dioxide are also present . • CO2 — carbon dioxide. where it is produced by incomplete combustion. • NOx — nitrogen oxide forms when fuels are burned at high temperatures.


end plates and other components.Muffler • A muffler or silencer is a device for reducing the amount of noise emitted by the exhaust of an internal combustion engine. inner pipes. inner plates. . • It contains a deceptively simple set of tubes that are finely tuned to reflect the sound waves produced by an engine so that they cancel each other out. • The main muffler absorbs the noise of the exhaust gas and is composed of an outer shell.

• Spiral Baffle Muffler . uses many concentric cones. uses a spiral-shaped baffle system. .for regular cars.Designs of muffler • Vector Muffler .for larger diesel trucks.

.TAIL PIPE • The tail pipe is end of the final length of exhaust pipe which ends with just a straight or angled cut where it vents to open air.

• To clean up the emissions that are harmful to the environment. • To reduce the pollution and to increase the efficiency of the engine. .Importance of exhaust system The exhaust system has three major functions: • To channel out the waste products of combustion out of the engine. • To reduce the noise generated by the engine.

REFERENCES 1) “Multi objective Design Optimization of merging configuration of an exhaust manifold of a car engine” by Masahiro kanazaki et al. John R. 3) “Low carbon cars by reducing dissipation in hydrogen hybrids” by Kevin Kendall et al. Howell . 4)“Present and Future Trends of Stainless Steel for AutomotiveExhaust System” by Yoshiharu INOUE and Masao KIKUCHI submitted in July 2003 5) Automobile engineering by Robert Siegel 2. 2) “Market Delivery of ultra-low carbon vehicles in UK” by Ben Lane.

Thank You .