• Maintenance Control can be of three
types as follows:-

1. Work Control
2. Equipment Control
3. Cost Control

.Work Control is done through periodic reporting of the progress of various maintenance activities.

Equipment Control is the process of carrying out Failure Analysis and Downtime Analysis and of taking corrective measures such as Design-out Maintenance and Design-for Maintenance. .

Cost control is exercised by the identification of high-cost areas through periodic reporting of PM Costs & CM Costs department/section/equipmentwise and initiating necessary action to reduce the same .

It is a characteristic of the design and installation of the unit or system .Maintainability • It is the probability that a unit or system will be restored to specific conditions within a given period when maintenance action is taken in accordance with prescribed procedures and resources.

• Failure density :-This is the ratio of number of failures during a given unit interval of time to the total number of items at the very beginning of the test (also called as initial population). . • Failure rate :-This is the ratio of number of failures during a particular unit time interval to the average population during that interval.

.Mean time to repair(MTTR) • Let N number of items are undergoing repair and n1 items repaired in first Δt time interval and n2 items repaired in next Δt time interval and all the N were repaired at lth Δt interval then ∑n1 = N • MTTR = 1/N (n1 Δt + n2 2Δt+ l Δt) • MTTR = 1 /N ∑ nk (kΔt) . nk k Δt + .

system unavailable due to breakdown and put back to use after proper repair .) • If preventive maintenance down time is zero MTBF=MTBM . but are replaced by new components.• MTTF is the mean time to first failure and is used in case of components that are not repaired when they fail. • MTBF: mean time between failures :. Mean time between such breakdowns is defined as MTBF (Repairable) • MTBM: mean time between maintenance ( includes break down time and preventive maintenance time.

Bathtub Curve .

. damage to components during production. • The causes include inadequate testing or screening of components during selection or acceptance. assembly. or testing. and choice of components which have too great a failure variability.Early-life Period • Also called infant mortality phase or reliability growth phase or the burn in period • The decreasing but greater failure rate early in life of the system is due to one or more of several potential causes.

.Steady-state Period • service failures • Failure rate much lower than in early-life period • Either constant (age independent) or slowly varying failure rate • it represents the effective life of the product.

and consequently would have deteriorated. .Wear out Period • The incidence of failure in this zone is high since most of the components will have exceeded their service life.