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Manila Presentations

March 2010
Lyle D. Wray, PhD
lwray@crcog.org

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Background
• State and local government manager
• Citizen based think tank www.citizensleague.net
• Regional citizen engagement, quality of life,
planning www.vccf.org
• Frequently in Asia since 1990 UN, Asia Found.
• Workshops in 2009 in Indonesia and Thailand
looking at active citizen roles in cultural context to
strengthen democratic evolution

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Capitol Region Council of Governments
www.crcog.org

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Pathways to Democracy
• Democracy is a long journey, not a quick
destination
• Much more than fair elections
• A multi-sector process
• Significant “bottom up” role in
democratic development
• Each culture is unique but there are
common elements to democracy
building
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Common Elements?
• Free and responsible media
• Informed and engaged citizenry
• Rule of law
• Effective state
• Often responsible decentralization

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US Anti-Corruption
• Bottom and middle up not top down
• Aggressive media tracking of corruption
• Screening of candidates for corruption,
promises and past performance
• NGOs, women’s movement and universities –
and citizen expectations together
• Building capacity: universities: effective and
ethical leaders and managers
• Not a recipe but makes some suggestions

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Third Sector and Democracy
• One thousand year history in the West of
nongovernmental and non religious organizations
• In US one NGO per 400 people
• Diverse roles of the third sector: many types,
many different roles, varying credibility
• NGOs and citizens as partners in progress
• Partnership with media and third sector

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Citizens as Active Partners in
Governance
• Mindset by government officials
• Citizens as partners in making
communities better
• Active roles and more passive roles
• Citizen role education and action
• Evolving with education, experience
• Results That Matter

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Active Citizen Engagement
1. Citizen as voter
2. Citizen as customer
3. Vision and direction setting
4. Co-producer – literacy, public safety
5. Evaluator -- Bangalore
6. Advocate – Parents in Policymaking
7. Outcomes measurement -- Penang

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Citizen as Evaluator:
Bangalore, India
http://www.eldis.org/static/DOC6107.htm

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Seven Stages of a Public
Issue
1. Dawning awareness
2. Greater urgency
3. Reaching for solutions
4. Wishful thinking
5. Weighing the choices
6. Taking a stand intellectually
7. Making a responsible judgment

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Web 2.0 and Active Citizen
Partners
• www.seeclickfix.org
• Map hacks for crime by neighborhood
• We Think by Charles Leadbeater
• Blogs
• YouTube www.america2050.org Journey
to Detroit
• How does web 2.0 relate to 7 stages of an
issue in a democratic society?

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Pathways to Economic
Success
• Seven waves of innovation: now heavily
into sixth wave and 7th is beginning to
emerge
• Leveraging and creating assets to
produce value 1900 examples
• Legatum rankings of global prosperity
• OECD Buscan, Korea conference on
measurement of progress: Beyond GDP
• Correlation between trust and growth
• Correlation between decentralization
and deveopment
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Pathways
• Natural resources, natural resources
and innovation and innovation
• Importance of public services: price,
performance and predictability (cat)
• Web based public services and
broadband leveraging

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Prosperity Ingredients?
• Functioning state including rule of
law and basic services
• Infrastructure
• Education and skilled workers
• Investment capital

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References
Results That Matter
• http://www.amazon.com/Results-that-Matte

• Website:
http://www.resultsthatmatter.net/site/team/

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Results That Matter
http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-0787960586,subjectCd-ED22,d

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