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03/09/15

Life Processes

Signs of life

03/09/15

• Serious efforts to discover life on other planets
have been going on for many years.

• If extra-terrestrial beings really were
discovered how would scientists decide if
they were alive?

A simple way of sorting everything on our planet
is to divide it into 2 groups

– living things and non-living things.

03/09/15 Life Processes All living things have to perform seven life processes. Do you know what they are? Movement Respiration Sensitivity Growth Reproduction Excretion Nutrition Each letter in the phrase ‘MRS GREN’ gives you the first letter of one of the life processes. For something to be classed as Dead it must have been alive once !! . If something does not perform all of the seven life processes then it is not alive.

03/09/15 The 7 Life Processes Movement Respiration Sensitivity Growth Reproduction Excretion Nutrition .

water. Why do animals move? To find food. to hide from predators and to reproduce. Copy and complete the table below: Type of movement Example of animal Walking Humans Insect Horse Crawling Running Flying Swimming Jumping Swinging Bird Fish Kangaroo Chimpanzee . shelter. 2.03/09/15 Exercise 1: Animal Movement 1.

Plant Movement 1. •Roots will move towards water and gravity. 2. but very slowly compared to most animals. •Some flowers close during the night. Why do plants move? •Plants move towards sunlight which they need to make food. Do plants move? •Yes. 03/09/15 . plants do move.

Glucose + Oxygen  ENERGY + Carbon dioxide + Water . •This energy is used for the organism to perform the other life processes.03/09/15 Respiration •Respiration is the process by which energy is released from our food. •Most of our food is digested down to glucose. •This joins with oxygen to release the energy and gives off the waste products carbon dioxide and water.

. cells. 2 oxygen B C 3 carbon dioxide C A 4 water D E is needed take materials to release to andenergy from respiring from glucose cells. glucose in the body. 5 energy E F is needed made when to doenergy the rest is of released MRS GREN. themade is process when that energy releases is released energy from food. from food.03/09/15 Match the word to its correct meaning: 1 respiration A D is a process the poisonous thatby-product releases energy of respiration. from food. is a needed poisonous to release by-product energy of from respiration. in the body. 6 transport systems F B is needed take materials to dotothe and rest from of respiring MRSGREN.

Write a word equation for the process of respiration. Which gas is required for respiration? Oxygen. . What are the waste products of respiration? Water and Carbon dioxide. Food + Oxygen  Energy + Carbon dioxide + Water 4.03/09/15 Exercise 2: Respiration 1. 3. 2. What is the chemical test for carbon dioxide gas? It turns limewater milky (and then clear again).

FALSE . TRUE 6. FALSE 4. Respiration occurs in all body cells.03/09/15 True or false? 1. Respiration gives out oxygen. FALSE 5. FALSE 2. TRUE 3. Carbon dioxide is used up by respiration. Respiration is a chemical process that releases energy. Respiration means breathing. Plants do not respire.

As we get older. Living things must also react to what happens to them. This is called _________ . We use energy to do different things. Animals also _________ to catch food. . Releasing energy from food is called ____________ and eating the food we require is called __________ . we ______ to reach our full size. to find a mate and also to escape any predators. Any waste produced is ________ from our bodies.move reproduce respiration sensitivity nutrition excreted 03/09/15 grow Living things ____________ to produce offspring.

do you know what they are? Touch Taste Smell Sight Hearing Skin Tongue Nose Eyes Ears Which organs are associated with these senses? .03/09/15 Sensitivity Sensitivity is the ability of living things to detect changes in their surroundings and respond to these changes. Humans have five senses.

Complete the table below: Sense Body part Sight Eye Hearing Ear Taste Tongue Nose Smell Touch Skin 3. What is sensitivity? Being able to detect and respond to your surroundings. . Dogs and bats.03/09/15 Exercise 3: Sensitivity 1. Name two animals that can hear ultrasound. 2.

03/09/15 Growth Animals grow until they reach adulthood and then stop growing. . Plants continue to grow throughout their lives.

Example: Mammals Mammals suckle their young . Adult and young kangaroo . Some animals reproduce by laying eggs. then once those organisms died there would be no more of the species left. Example: Birds Some animals reproduce by giving birth to live young.03/09/15 Animal Reproduction All organisms need to reproduce. If organisms did not reproduce. Reproduction is the making of new organisms.the females provide milk for their offspring.

03/09/15 Exercise 5: Link the Matching Pairs Acorn Lion Cub Seal Calf Oak tree Baby Human Pup Whale .

Some plants reproduce using insects or birds to carry pollen from one flower to another. . colour and nectar. Why are insects attracted to flowers? They are attracted by scent.03/09/15 Plant Reproduction Some plants reproduce using the wind to carry pollen from one flower to another.

03/09/15 . Breathe through a tube into a beaker of limewater. The waste products of respiration are carbon dioxide and water. What do you observe? What happened to the limewater? What does this tell you? It went milky. What is the other waste product? HINT! Breathe on a mirror.Excretion Excretion is the process where an organism gets rid of waste products that would otherwise cause it harm. Carbon dioxide is a waste product of respiration. There is more carbon dioxide in the air we breathe out than the air we breathe in.

What are the waste products of respiration? Water and carbon dioxide. What do we call the process that remove waste products from an organism? Excretion.03/09/15 Exercise 6: Removing Waste 1. How do we remove carbon dioxide from our body? We breathe it out. . 3. 2. What would happen if we did not remove this carbon dioxide? It would poison our bodies and eventually kill us. 4.

water and carbon dioxide. Some animals eat other animals. This process is called PHOTOSYNTHESIS.03/09/15 Nutrition Nutrition is the obtaining of food to keep an organism healthy. What do we call these types of animals? CARNIVORES. . Some animals eat plants What do we call these animals? HERBIVORES. A carnivore Green plants make their own food using sunlight. Animals that eat plants and animals are called OMNIVORES. Animals eat food.

03/09/15 Exercise 7: Link the Word with the Description Carnivore Omnivore Plant-eating animals Meat-eating animals Photosynthesis The gas needed by green plants to make food Carbon dioxide Animals that eat meat and plants Herbivore The process by which green plants make food using sunlight .

03/09/15 Exercise 8: Insert the Key Words Animals must eat food to gain nutrition. Animals that eat plants are called _________. herbivores Animals that eat ____ are called carnivores. This process is photosynthesis called _____________. sunlight water and oxygen. Animals that eat meat meat and plants are called _________. meat omnivores herbivores photosynthesis sunlight . omnivores Green plants gain nutrition by making their own food using _______.