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The Binet Scales

The Stanford Binet Intelligence
Scale: Fourth Edition (1986)

Probably the most radically changed version of
the Stanford-Binet since its inception
Prior to the 1986 SBIV, the Stanford-Binet
produced only one score
Different kinds of items were used for different
age levels; more difficult items were used for
higher age levels
In the 1986 SBIV, items with the same kind of
content were placed together into 15 separate
subtests; allowed for calculation of total IQ, as
well as scores for things such as verbal
reasoning, quantitative reasoning, and short-term
memory

complete battery includes from 8 to 13 tests. no one individual took all the tests. because some were suitable only within limited age ranges in general.Problems with the SBIV      It was a “beast” Very difficult to administer & score although entire scale contained 15 tests. depending on test taker’s age and performance on vocabulary test survey of school psychologists – rated ease of administration. usefulness – rated SBIV lowest of four most popular tests . interpretation.

The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale: Fifth Edition (SBV)    Took over 7 years to develop Released in spring of 2003 Contains 10 subtests .

which assumed a hierarchical cognitive model of intellectual functioning SB5 constructed on a 5-factor model.Underlying Theory   SB5 based on the Cattell-HornCarroll (CHC) theory of intellectual abilities. these 5 factors considered the most important in intellectual functioning .

Hierarchical Structure of SB5 Scoring System .

estimation.Five Factors Factor Name Brief Definition Fluid Reasoning Novel problem-solving. understanding of relationships that are not culturally bound Knowledge Skills & knowledge acquired by formal & informal education Quantitative Reasoning Knowledge of mathematical thinking including number concepts. problem-solving & measurement Ability to see patterns & relationships & spatial orientation as well as the gestalt among diverse visual stimuli Cognitive process of temporarily storing & then transforming or sorting information in memory Visual-Spatial Processing Working Memory .

Non-Verbal & Verbal Subtests  Each of the five cognitive factors is measured by a non-verbal subtest & a verbal subtest .

the score on this test determines where the examiner begins testing on the remaining non-verbal subtests Has 36 items.Administration of Test      Takes approximately 1 hour to administer Begins with the “Object Series/Matrices” subtest. then matrices Examiner begins at “the estimated ability level of the examinee (usually the chronological age of the person)” . toys. uses coloured plastic shapes. used to assess non-verbal fluid reasoning This subtest is also used as a “routing” test. blocks.

then pictures. then word definitions . used to assess Verbal Knowledge This subtest is used as a routing test for all of the remaining verbal subtests Starts with an identification of facial features.   Next subtest administered is the Vocabulary subtest. then toys.

Adaptive Testing      Stanford-Binet has always been an “adaptive” test Individual responds to only that part of the test that is appropriate for his or her developmental level E. similarly.g. an older examinee is not bored with questions that are too easy Each subtest starts with very easy items & progresses to items that are more difficult Routing tests assist examiner to begin each subtest at an appropriate level of difficulty for examinee . a young child is not given difficult problems that would only lead to frustration..

the examiner has recorded estimated ability scores designed to identify an appropriate start point in Item Books 2 & 3 .   All of the test items for the SB5 are contained in 3 item books Item Book 1 contains the first two (routing) subtests After the second subtest has been administered.

& if examinee answers items correctly. this is assumed to be the “basal level” of ability Continues until examinee answers incorrectly for a certain number of items (this is the examinee’s “ceiling level” for that subtest) .   Examiner administers the next four nonverbal subtests of an appropriate level determined from Book 2 Examiner starts at appropriate start point.

starting at appropriate level determined from routing vocabulary test . Examiner then administers the final four verbal subtests from Item Book 3.

Reasoning Verbal Quant. Form Board Positions & Directions Block Pattern Memory Sentence Memory .The Tasks Fluid Reasoning Knowledge Nonverbal Verbal Nonverbal Verbal Quantitative Nonverbal Reasoning Verbal Visual/Spatial Nonverbal Reasoning Verbal Working Nonverbal Memory Verbal Matrices Analogies Absurdities Vocabulary Quant. Reas.

full-scale IQ and each of the five factors (fluid reasoning. knowledge.Scoring  Points are summed for each of the subtests & converted to a “scaled score” • Scaled subtest scores have a mean of 10 & a standard deviation of 3  Scores can also be computed for nonverbal IQ. working memory) • These “standard scores” have a mean of 100 & a standard deviation of 15 . quantitative reasoning. visualspatial processing. verbal IQ.

98 Nonverbal & verbal .96 Factor scores .9’s depending on age & testing interval ..7’s to low ...90 to .92 Test-retest reliabilities range from high .95 to .Psychometric Properties of SB5    Suitable for age range of 2 to 85+ years of age Range of possible scores runs from a low of 40 to a high of 160 Reliability coefficients are as follows: • • •  Full scale IQ .

Reliability of SB5 .

IQ Categories Measure IQ Range 145-160 130-144 120-129 110-119 90-109 80-89 70-79 55-69 40-54 Category Very gifted or highly advanced Gifted or very advanced Superior High average Average Low average Borderline impaired or delayed Mildly impaired or delayed Moderately impaired or delayed .

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at home with her parents She is enrolled in an ESL program in her high school. where she receives 4 hours per week of language instruction .Case Study: Noor      16 years 10 months old Native of Pakistan who immigrated to the United States two years ago with her parents Both parents are college-educated Noor spoke English in the testing session. but speaks her native language. Urdu.