Shubham Hundet

Unemployment is a situation where people are willing to work at the prevailing wages but are not getting work due to several reasons.

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Open-Unemployment Under-Unemployment Disguised Unemployment Seasonal Unemployment Frictional Unemployment Structural Unemployment Educated Employment Cyclic Unemployment Industrial Unemployment Rural Unemployment Urban Unemployment

SD1

Size of Unemployment:
YEAR 20012002 20042005 20062007 POPULATION 102.9 102.28 111.29 LABOUR FORCE 37.82 41.97 41.35 EMPLOYED 34.34 38.49 37.30 UNEMPLO YED 3.48 3.47 4.05 RATE 9.21% 8.28% 9.79%

Slide 4 SD1
SAKSHI DREAMS, 10/13/2009

Rates of Unemployment:
AREAS RURAL AREAS URBAN AREAS MALE 8.0 7.5 FEMALE 8.7 11.6

Inter-state variation in diff states in year 2004-05
STATES KERALA WEST BENGAL PUNJAB HARYANA HIMACHAL PRADESH U.P ALL INDIA RURAL 25.6 11.2 9.7 6.2 5.7 3.7 8.2 URBAN 25.2 10.5 7.5 6.9 4.9 6.3 8.3 TOTAL 25.5 11.0 8.9 6.4 5.4 4.2 8.3

Employment in organized sector:
SECTOR\ EMPLOYER PUBLIC SECTOR (a) CENTRAL GOVT. (b) STATE GOVT. (c) QUASI GOVT. (d) LOCAL BODIES PRIVATE SECTOR (a) LARGE ESTABLISHMENTS (b) SMALL ESTABLISHMENTS NO. OF PEOPLE EMPLOYED IN MARCH 2005 29.39 72.02 57.48 21.18 74.89 9.63

Loss of human resource ` Increase in poverty ` Social problems ` Political instability ` Exploitation of Labors
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Rapid growth of population Automation\ Mechanization Decline of cottage and small scale industries Agriculture, A seasonal industry Defective Education system Lack of National Employment policy Less savings and investment Joint Family System More expansion of Industries Slow Economic growth Immobility of labor Temporary and Migration character of Labor Inadequate availability of Productive Resources Increasing participation of females Slow progression of Industries

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Check on population National Employment Policy Strengthening Information-Technology sector Promoting Rural-Non-Farm activities More Industrialization Promotion of Exports More imp to Employment programme in Plans High rate of capital formation More help to self employed persons Expansion of Employment Exchange Change in Education system Policy regard Seasonal Unemployment Change in Industrial technique Setting Cooperative units Encouraging small scale and cottage industries Strengthening Rural Infrastructure

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Swaranjayanti Gram Swrozgar Yojana Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana Small and cottage Industries Prime Minister¶s Rozgar Yojana The Swaran jayanti shahri Rozgar Yojana Jai Prakash Rozgar Guarantee Yojana National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme National food for Work Programme Employment Opportunities for Women Setting up of Specialized economic zones

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