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GOOGLE SELF DRIVING

CAR
TECHNOLOGY
PRESENTED BY :
AKHIL SAJU
S5 CT
ROLL NO. - 09

INTRODUCTION
D.L Hendricks for National Highway traffic Safety
Association

To determine the specific driver behaviours


Out of 723 crashes investigated, driver behavioural error
caused or contributed 99% (717) to the crash. They are

DRIVER INATTENTION - 22.7%,


VEHICLE SPEED - 18.7%,
ALCOHOL IMPAIRMENT - 18.2%,
PERCEPTUAL ERRORS (e.g. looked, but didnt see) - 15.1%,
DECISION ERRORS (e.g. turned with obstructed view) 10.1%,
INCAPACITATION (e.g. fell asleep) - 6.4%.

INTRODUCTION (CONTD..)
GOOGLE SELF DRIVING CAR

project byGoogle- involves developing technology

forautonomous cars.
Software powering Google's cars - Google Chauffeur.
currently led by Google engineerSebastian Thrun.
Thrun's team at Stanford created the robotic
vehicleStanleywhich won the2005 DARPA Grand
Challenge and itsUS$2 millionprize from theUnited
States Department of Defense
.

WHAT KIND OF CARS HAS


GOOGLE BEEN USING?

Toyota Prius

Audi TT

Google Car

Lexus RX 450h

WHAT ARE THE PARTS?


LIDAR
Video Camera
Position Estimator
RADAR

WHAT DOES THE CAR LOOK


LIKE?

LIDAR
also writtenLIDAR,LiDARorLADAR
remote sensingtechnology that measures
distance by illuminating a target with alaser
and analysing the reflected light.

Lidar

is popularly used as a technology to


make high-resolution maps.

HOW TO OPERATE SELF DRIVING


CAR?
The driver sets a destination. The cars software
calculates a route and starts the car on its way.

A rotating, roof-mounted LIDAR (Light Detection and


Ranging - a technology similar to radar ) sensor monitors a
60-meter range around the car and creates a dynamic3Dmapof the cars current environment.

A sensor on the left rear wheel monitors sideways


movement to detect the cars position relative to the 3-D
map.

Radar systems in the front and rear bumpers calculate


distances to obstacles.

HOW TO OPERATE SELF DRIVING


CAR?
Artificial intelligence (AI) software in the car is connected
to all the sensors and has input from Google Street View
and video cameras inside the car.

The AI simulates human perceptual and decision-making


processes and controls actions in driver-control systems
such as steering and brakes.

The cars software consults Google Maps for advance


notice of things like landmarks and traffic signs and
lights.

An override function is available to allow a human to take


control of the vehicle.

ARE THEY BETTER THAN


REGULAR CARS?
React faster than humans
360 degree perception
Cannot get distracted, sleepy, or intoxicated
Actively engage the driver (announcements like
approaching a crosswalk or turn ahead)

Driver could regain power by hitting a red button


(override) on dashboard, touching the break, or
turning the steering wheel

WHERE IT HAS BEEN


LEGALISED?

Legal to use an autonomous car on public roads

ROAD TESTING
Google's vehicles have traversed

San Francisco'sLombard Street through city


traffic.
over theGolden Gate Bridgeand aroundLake
Tahoe.
The system drives at the speed limit it has
stored on its maps and maintains its distance
from other vehicles using its system of sensors.
4,82,803 kms - just 2 accidents minor intensity

IS IT WORTH IT?
ADVANTAGES

DISADVANTAGES

Safer for more people

More efficient

Allows more people to commute

Expensive

3 safety issues

APPLICATIONS
Logistics
Military Applications
For use of Physically challenged persons
Public Services
Research

FORECASTS
IEEE - predicts up to 75% of vehicles will be
autonomous in 2040

Ford CEO - expects fully autonomous cars by 2020


Jaguar and Land-Rover - to provide fully
autonomous cars by 2024 says Director of Research
and Technology

Nissans CEO - Driverless cars coming to


showrooms by 2020

REFERENCE
Hickey, Megan. "Self-driving Cars Aren't Too Far off."
USA Today. Gannett, 10 Apr. 2013. Web. 13 Apr. 2013.
<http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/cars/2013/04/10
/self-driving-cars/2071607/>.

www.wikipedia.com
www.google.com