Brain drain

inside to outside Facts vs. Myth

What do you do after BDS? Success? Dentist student

Private practice

Academics Professional satisfaction

The global Indian

Pack your bags & leave

Dental Parents Leave & return after studying Leave, study&work abroad

Ability to re-establish after return

Permanently forget the country!?

Where does the Indian dentist who goes abroad go? go

USA UK AUSTRALIA CANADA NEW ZEALAND MIDDLE EAST

WHY DOES HE GO?

Min 3yrs experience

What happens ?

Middle east
Still a well paid alternative Ministry job Private clinics

How do you get classified?

OMC TN Govt

Selection?
Indian with Indian degree Indian with foreign degree

Foreigner with foreign degree

Prejudice Lack of professional satisfaction Drawbacks Fear of mishandling patients No continuing dental education

UK Licensure MFDS

MGDSRCPS Popular destination MOMS

MBBCH/MBBS

TRAINING INADEQUATE FEW GOOD UNITS TO TRAIN

DEGREE

MFDS
Post BDS General dental degree II part requires training in India or UK - 9months Post MDS 2nd part training exemption Few institutions

After completion may work as SHO in UK Limited period only

Comeback to India where the degree is invalid

Do MBBch in UK Write the licensure exam for international dentists –2yrs Go into private practice /staff grade

Diploma of Member of the Faculty of Dental Surgery/Dentistry (MFDS/MFD)

http://www.rcpsglasg.ac.uk/ MFDSpassinfo.htm

Part A - (Intercollegiate)
If you have completed 12 months in general professional training you are eligible to sit Part A of the examination. On successful completion you can proceed to Part B. You will be examined in Sections 1-6 of the syllabus.

Part B - (Intercollegiate)
This part of the examination covers the spectrum of General Clinical Dentistry. If you have passed Part A of the examination and have completed at least 20 months training, 8 months of which must have been spent in posts approved for training by the Royal Colleges of the UK and Ireland.. You will be examined on the whole syllabus with emphasis on Sections 7-11. Note: The examination will be held at the same time in all 4 Colleges.

Part C - (Collegiate)
This part of the examination covers the entire syllabus. Providing you have passed Parts A and B of the MFDS/MFD and have completed 20 months in general professional training, you are eligible to sit this part of the examination

King George’s Medical College and Hospitals, Lucknow, India • MFDS • IMOrth • 8 posts • Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal and Mangalore, India • MFDS • IMOrth • 4 OMFS Posts

•Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, India •MFDS •4 OMFS Posts •S.D.M. College of Dental Sciences and Hospitals, Dharwad, India •MFDS •IMOrth •4 OMFS Posts

•Government Dental College and Hospital, Hyderabad, India •MFDS •IMOrth •Training programme for 4 MDS students •Nair Dental College, Bombay (Mumbai), India •MFDS - 4 posts •Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, India •MFDS –4 posts

The Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh Tel: +44 (0) 131 527 1698 Fax: +44 (0) 131 527 1669 E-mail: dental@rcsed.ac.uk Web address: http://www.rcsed.ac.uk/dental The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow Tel: +44 (0) 141 221 6072 Fax: +44 (0) 141 248 3414 E-mail: amanda.christmas@rcpsg.ac.uk Web address: http://www.rcpsg.ac.uk The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Tel: +353 (0) 1 402 2239 Fax: +353 (0) 1 402 2125 E-mail: ghickey@rcsi.ie Web address: http://www/rcsi.ie

•The Examination Department, The Royal College of Surgeons of England, 35-43 Lincoln's Inn Fields, LONDON, WC2A 3PE, eMail enquiries to: exams@rcseng.ac.uk and telephone enquiries to: 0207 869 6274

International Qualifying exam
• IELTS •Part A comprises written and oral examinations in the basic sciences and human diseases and an oral examination in clinical dentistry •Part B consists of an operative test on a dental manikin •Part C contains written papers in all aspects of dentistry, an examination in clinical dentistry, an oral examination in general dentistry, a practical clinical examination and an examination in medical emergencies.

Dentists who hold the MFDS (Member of the Faculty of Dental Surgery); or have passed the Primary/Part I Examination of the FDS (Fellowship in Dental Surgery) of UK are exempt from part A Part B must be passed before candidates may attempt Part C. Parts B and C must be passed within eighteen months of each other otherwise Part B must be retaken. The examination fees will be £550 for Part A; £650 for Part B; £750 for Part C.

Dentists who wish to take the IQE should obtain an information pack from the Council's Education Directorate, General Dental Council, 37 Wimpole Street, London W1G 8DQ, UK or E-mail:

examinations@gdc-uk.org

Intercollegiate Specialty Membership Examinations IM in Orthodontics IM in Pediatric Dentistry IM in Restorative Dentistry IM in Surgical Dentistry
Member in Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Member in Clinical Community Dentistry Member in General Dental Surgery

Other options to get into UK Msc oral surgery MSc other subjects Non clinical

Certificate Programs

USA
VISA – tough to get Get married to somebody Get sponsored by somebody from there

ECE prepares evaluation reports that identify the United States equivalent of education completed in other countries

http://www.ece.org/

National boards Part I & II Percentage Above 90% TOEFL GRE After part I PER YEAR 20K

USA
• COURSE IN BIOMATERIALS /PATHOLOGY • ALABAMA & NORTH CAROLINA • 15 K PER YEAR • RETURN TO INDIA AFTER FINISHING & REAPPLY FOR WORK PERMIT • WWW.ad.org/prof/prac/licensure/natbd.html Application form

• TAKE A CANADIAN OR US DDS DEGREE – 4YRS OR • NEW ZEALAND DDS-4YRS &

WORK IN USA

AUSTRALIA

IMMIGRATION Time consuming Difficult

• Join Australian university & do dental degree • Immediate recognition of existing qualification • By successfully completing the Australian dental council examinations

Australian dental council Exams
• Occupational educational test of English • Language Australia Ltd Level 4, 51 Queen Street Melbourne 3000 Postal Address: GPO Box 372F, Melbourne 3001 Tel + 61 3 9612 2600 Fax + 61 3 9612 2601 Web-site:

http://www.oet.com.au

• MCQ & short answer questions • Final clinical exam

Australian dental council
• Australian Dental Council (ADC) Level 2, 112 Wellington Parade, East Melbourne, Victoria 3002, Australia Tel + 61 3 9415 1638 Fax + 61 3 9415 1669 http://www.dentalcouncil.net.au/

• info@dentalcouncil.net.au

Australian Embassy - Delhi
Telephone Facsimile 91 11 2688 8223 (AHC) 91 11 2687 2035 91 11 2688 5637 91 112688 7536 (DIMIA)

Email Contact dima.india@dfat.gov.au WWW Address http://www.ausgovindia.com/

For student visa For temporary residency visa mumbai

National Office of Overseas Skills Recognition (NOOSR)

NOOSR offers a general information and referral service on overseas skills recognition which can be accessed on 1800 020 086 between the hours of 9am12pm and 1.30-4.30pm (EST) Monday to Friday (toll free within Australia only). The postal address for enquiries is: National Office of Overseas Skills Recognition GPO Box 1407 Canberra ACT 2601 Web-site: http://www.dest.gov.au/noosr

MASTERS IN AUSTRALIA
• CLINICAL –ONE YR PROGRAM VISA TYPE –803 YOU HAVE TO COME BACK AFTER FINISHING

New Zealand
• English – TOEFL ,IELTS, OET • Written clinical examination • Clinical examination –6hrs / 2 days • New Zealand condition of practice

The Dental Council of New Zealand Level 8, 108 The Terrace PO Box 10-448, Wellington, New Zealand Telephone +64-4-4994820 | Fax +64-4-4991668 inquiries@dcnz.org.nz

Canada
• IMMIGRATION –APPLY DIRECTLY ECE,TOEFL,IELTS DENTAL APTITUDE TEST,SOCIAL SECURITY NO BDS 2YRS + DAT+TOEFL+INTERVIEW BDS FINISHED - NATIONAL DENTAL EXAM BOARD – 70%+3RD YR ENTRY IN DDS

• English - medium of instruction • Five years stomtology program • One yr language course

R u s s i a

Romania
• • • • www.worldwide-education.org Five year program Around 9000$/year Eligible to apply to USA afterwards

Singapore , Malaysia
• • • • Accreditation requires education there Permanent residency required Malaysia presently recruiting dentists Private clinics recruit dentists?

• http://www.dentistry.nus.edu.sg/

Number of Different Oral Health Professionals Category Dentists Total Number 26 000* No./ Year Source Inhabitants 1:36 538 2000 1)

* 200 Paedodontics 1) Zillén PA & Mindak M. World Dental Demographics, Internat Dent J, 2000; 50: 194-197. Number of Different Oral Health Professionals No./ Category Total Number Inhabitants Dentists 30 000 1:37 000 1:10 000 1:40 000 1:250 000
1 2 3

Year 1990s

India
• • • • • • • Increased patient awareness Better paid Indians who can afford Quality work is appreciated White hair is not necessary to get patients Self confidence is a must Setting up good clinics is a definite yes yes Dentistry is technology driven

Problems indian dentists face
No clear cut medicolegal system exists Not many insured patients exist Insurance for dentistry minimal IDA is just getting its act together No enforced system of self checks regarding quality of care like exams,appraisals etc • Indian dental patients have to be made aware • • • • •

Dentistry anywhere can be satisfying professionally if properly applied

Globalisation is inevitable Acceptance of our standards is by accreditation

Yadhum oore, yavarrum kheler

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