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Euthanasia is justified Euthanasia is not justified Summary and discussion
The word “Euthanasia is derived from the Greek word “euthanatos” - eu ‘well’ + thanatos ‘death’ Oxford English Dictionary defines Euthanasia as “A gentle and easy death.” In recent use: The action of inducing a gentle and easy death. Used especially with reference to a proposal that the law should sanction the putting painlessly to death of those suffering from incurable and extremely painful diseases.
Voluntary •Choosing to die yourself •Some see it as suicide •Do you have a right to just end your life?
Involantary •Having someone else make the decision for you •Highly controversial •Who makes the decision?
Passive – withholding of common treatments, or distribution of pain medication, knowing it may kill the recipient Non-active – withdrawal of life support to end a life Active - use of lethal substances or forces to kill
•Many arguments against euthanasia are religious •Human rights allow everyone the right to freedom, justice and peace •Harm Principle
•Animals are “put down” when they are too ill. Why do we have a say over their lives and not over our own? •Case Study: Dr Anne Turner
The Harm Principle From John Stuart Mill’s On Liberty: “In the part which merely concerns himself, his independence is, of right, absolute. Over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign.”
Dr Anne Turner •Suffered from supranuclear palsy • Had limited movement, slurred speech, difficulty swallowing and doing simple tasks as a result
"I may look as though I am all right, but I am not. Doctors should be able to help people to die.”
•Sanctity of Life in religious teachings •Illegal in USA, UK, France and most countries in the world •Death is taboo in the West •Immoral and violates human rights
Christians believe that humans have souls and were created in God’s image, therefore life is sacred and should not be violated
“Who knows what good things can come out of the last phase of a person's life?"
The law in Britain, France, USA and most other countries in the world (not just the west) cannot justify Euthanasia Hard to define when Euthanasia is acting in the interests of the individual concerned rather than another party
FOR •Freedom to choose how we live and how we die •Extreme cases should have a choice •Switzerland may hold the answer
AGAINST •Life is special and should be preserved at all costs •Family and friends left behind •Not legally justifiable
Are we saving lives or just prolonging them? The debate is ongoing and there is no right or wrong answer!!